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added in API level 26

Era

public interface Era
implements TemporalAccessor, TemporalAdjuster

java.time.chrono.Era


An era of the time-line.

Most calendar systems have a single epoch dividing the time-line into two eras. However, some calendar systems, have multiple eras, such as one for the reign of each leader. In all cases, the era is conceptually the largest division of the time-line. Each chronology defines the Era's that are known Eras and a Chronology.eras to get the valid eras.

For example, the Thai Buddhist calendar system divides time into two eras, before and after a single date. By contrast, the Japanese calendar system has one era for the reign of each Emperor.

Instances of Era may be compared using the == operator.

Summary

Public methods

default Temporal adjustInto(Temporal temporal)

Adjusts the specified temporal object to have the same era as this object.

default int get(TemporalField field)

Gets the value of the specified field from this era as an int.

default String getDisplayName(TextStyle style, Locale locale)

Gets the textual representation of this era.

default long getLong(TemporalField field)

Gets the value of the specified field from this era as a long.

abstract int getValue()

Gets the numeric value associated with the era as defined by the chronology.

default boolean isSupported(TemporalField field)

Checks if the specified field is supported.

default <R> R query(TemporalQuery<R> query)

Queries this era using the specified query.

default ValueRange range(TemporalField field)

Gets the range of valid values for the specified field.

Inherited methods

Public methods

adjustInto

added in API level 26
public Temporal adjustInto (Temporal temporal)

Adjusts the specified temporal object to have the same era as this object.

This returns a temporal object of the same observable type as the input with the era changed to be the same as this.

The adjustment is equivalent to using Temporal.with(TemporalField, long) passing ChronoField.ERA as the field.

In most cases, it is clearer to reverse the calling pattern by using Temporal.with(TemporalAdjuster):

   // these two lines are equivalent, but the second approach is recommended
   temporal = thisEra.adjustInto(temporal);
   temporal = temporal.with(thisEra);
 

This instance is immutable and unaffected by this method call.

Parameters
temporal Temporal: the target object to be adjusted, not null

Returns
Temporal the adjusted object, not null

Throws
DateTimeException if unable to make the adjustment
ArithmeticException if numeric overflow occurs

get

public int get (TemporalField field)

Gets the value of the specified field from this era as an int.

This queries this era for the value of the specified field. The returned value will always be within the valid range of values for the field. If it is not possible to return the value, because the field is not supported or for some other reason, an exception is thrown.

If the field is a ChronoField then the query is implemented here. The ERA field returns the value of the era. All other ChronoField instances will throw an UnsupportedTemporalTypeException.

If the field is not a ChronoField, then the result of this method is obtained by invoking TemporalField.getFrom(TemporalAccessor) passing this as the argument. Whether the value can be obtained, and what the value represents, is determined by the field.

Parameters
field TemporalField: the field to get, not null

Returns
int the value for the field

Throws
DateTimeException if a value for the field cannot be obtained or the value is outside the range of valid values for the field
UnsupportedTemporalTypeException if the field is not supported or the range of values exceeds an int
ArithmeticException if numeric overflow occurs

getDisplayName

added in API level 26
public String getDisplayName (TextStyle style, 
                Locale locale)

Gets the textual representation of this era.

This returns the textual name used to identify the era, suitable for presentation to the user. The parameters control the style of the returned text and the locale.

If no textual mapping is found then the numeric value is returned.

This default implementation is suitable for all implementations.

Parameters
style TextStyle: the style of the text required, not null

locale Locale: the locale to use, not null

Returns
String the text value of the era, not null

getLong

added in API level 26
public long getLong (TemporalField field)

Gets the value of the specified field from this era as a long.

This queries this era for the value of the specified field. If it is not possible to return the value, because the field is not supported or for some other reason, an exception is thrown.

If the field is a ChronoField then the query is implemented here. The ERA field returns the value of the era. All other ChronoField instances will throw an UnsupportedTemporalTypeException.

If the field is not a ChronoField, then the result of this method is obtained by invoking TemporalField.getFrom(TemporalAccessor) passing this as the argument. Whether the value can be obtained, and what the value represents, is determined by the field.

Parameters
field TemporalField: the field to get, not null

Returns
long the value for the field

Throws
DateTimeException if a value for the field cannot be obtained
UnsupportedTemporalTypeException if the field is not supported
ArithmeticException if numeric overflow occurs

getValue

added in API level 26
public abstract int getValue ()

Gets the numeric value associated with the era as defined by the chronology. Each chronology defines the predefined Eras and methods to list the Eras of the chronology.

All fields, including eras, have an associated numeric value. The meaning of the numeric value for era is determined by the chronology according to these principles:

  • The era in use at the epoch 1970-01-01 (ISO) has the value 1.
  • Later eras have sequentially higher values.
  • Earlier eras have sequentially lower values, which may be negative.

Returns
int the numeric era value

isSupported

added in API level 26
public boolean isSupported (TemporalField field)

Checks if the specified field is supported.

This checks if this era can be queried for the specified field. If false, then calling the range and get methods will throw an exception.

If the field is a ChronoField then the query is implemented here. The ERA field returns true. All other ChronoField instances will return false.

If the field is not a ChronoField, then the result of this method is obtained by invoking TemporalField.isSupportedBy(TemporalAccessor) passing this as the argument. Whether the field is supported is determined by the field.

Parameters
field TemporalField: the field to check, null returns false

Returns
boolean true if the field is supported on this era, false if not

query

public R query (TemporalQuery<R> query)

Queries this era using the specified query.

This queries this era using the specified query strategy object. The TemporalQuery object defines the logic to be used to obtain the result. Read the documentation of the query to understand what the result of this method will be.

The result of this method is obtained by invoking the TemporalQuery.queryFrom(TemporalAccessor) method on the specified query passing this as the argument.

Parameters
query TemporalQuery: the query to invoke, not null

Returns
R the query result, null may be returned (defined by the query)

Throws
DateTimeException if unable to query (defined by the query)
ArithmeticException if numeric overflow occurs (defined by the query)

range

public ValueRange range (TemporalField field)

Gets the range of valid values for the specified field.

The range object expresses the minimum and maximum valid values for a field. This era is used to enhance the accuracy of the returned range. If it is not possible to return the range, because the field is not supported or for some other reason, an exception is thrown.

If the field is a ChronoField then the query is implemented here. The ERA field returns the range. All other ChronoField instances will throw an UnsupportedTemporalTypeException.

If the field is not a ChronoField, then the result of this method is obtained by invoking TemporalField.rangeRefinedBy(TemporalAccessor) passing this as the argument. Whether the range can be obtained is determined by the field.

The default implementation must return a range for ERA from zero to one, suitable for two era calendar systems such as ISO.

Parameters
field TemporalField: the field to query the range for, not null

Returns
ValueRange the range of valid values for the field, not null

Throws
DateTimeException if the range for the field cannot be obtained
UnsupportedTemporalTypeException if the unit is not supported