FileSystemProvider

public abstract class FileSystemProvider
extends Object

java.lang.Object
   ↳ java.nio.file.spi.FileSystemProvider


Service-provider class for file systems. The methods defined by the Files class will typically delegate to an instance of this class.

A file system provider is a concrete implementation of this class that implements the abstract methods defined by this class. A provider is identified by a URI scheme. The default provider is identified by the URI scheme "file". It creates the FileSystem that provides access to the file systems accessible to the Java virtual machine. The FileSystems class defines how file system providers are located and loaded. The default provider is typically a system-default provider but may be overridden if the system property java.nio.file.spi.DefaultFileSystemProvider is set. In that case, the provider has a one argument constructor whose formal parameter type is FileSystemProvider. All other providers have a zero argument constructor that initializes the provider.

A provider is a factory for one or more FileSystem instances. Each file system is identified by a URI where the URI's scheme matches the provider's scheme. The default file system, for example, is identified by the URI "file:///". A memory-based file system, for example, may be identified by a URI such as "memory:///?name=logfs". The newFileSystem method may be used to create a file system, and the getFileSystem method may be used to obtain a reference to an existing file system created by the provider. Where a provider is the factory for a single file system then it is provider dependent if the file system is created when the provider is initialized, or later when the newFileSystem method is invoked. In the case of the default provider, the FileSystem is created when the provider is initialized.

All of the methods in this class are safe for use by multiple concurrent threads.

Summary

Protected constructors

FileSystemProvider()

Initializes a new instance of this class.

Public methods

abstract void checkAccess(Path path, AccessMode... modes)

Checks the existence, and optionally the accessibility, of a file.

abstract void copy(Path source, Path target, CopyOption... options)

Copy a file to a target file.

abstract void createDirectory(Path dir, FileAttribute...<?> attrs)

Creates a new directory.

void createLink(Path link, Path existing)

Creates a new link (directory entry) for an existing file.

void createSymbolicLink(Path link, Path target, FileAttribute...<?> attrs)

Creates a symbolic link to a target.

abstract void delete(Path path)

Deletes a file.

boolean deleteIfExists(Path path)

Deletes a file if it exists.

abstract <V extends FileAttributeView> V getFileAttributeView(Path path, Class<V> type, LinkOption... options)

Returns a file attribute view of a given type.

abstract FileStore getFileStore(Path path)

Returns the FileStore representing the file store where a file is located.

abstract FileSystem getFileSystem(URI uri)

Returns an existing FileSystem created by this provider.

abstract Path getPath(URI uri)

Return a Path object by converting the given URI.

abstract String getScheme()

Returns the URI scheme that identifies this provider.

static List<FileSystemProvider> installedProviders()

Returns a list of the installed file system providers.

abstract boolean isHidden(Path path)

Tells whether or not a file is considered hidden.

abstract boolean isSameFile(Path path, Path path2)

Tests if two paths locate the same file.

abstract void move(Path source, Path target, CopyOption... options)

Move or rename a file to a target file.

AsynchronousFileChannel newAsynchronousFileChannel(Path path, Set<? extends OpenOption> options, ExecutorService executor, FileAttribute...<?> attrs)

Opens or creates a file for reading and/or writing, returning an asynchronous file channel to access the file.

abstract SeekableByteChannel newByteChannel(Path path, Set<? extends OpenOption> options, FileAttribute...<?> attrs)

Opens or creates a file, returning a seekable byte channel to access the file.

abstract DirectoryStream<Path> newDirectoryStream(Path dir, Filter<? super Path> filter)

Opens a directory, returning a DirectoryStream to iterate over the entries in the directory.

FileChannel newFileChannel(Path path, Set<? extends OpenOption> options, FileAttribute...<?> attrs)

Opens or creates a file for reading and/or writing, returning a file channel to access the file.

FileSystem newFileSystem(Path path, Map<String, ?> env)

Constructs a new FileSystem to access the contents of a file as a file system.

abstract FileSystem newFileSystem(URI uri, Map<String, ?> env)

Constructs a new FileSystem object identified by a URI.

InputStream newInputStream(Path path, OpenOption... options)

Opens a file, returning an input stream to read from the file.

OutputStream newOutputStream(Path path, OpenOption... options)

Opens or creates a file, returning an output stream that may be used to write bytes to the file.

abstract Map<StringObject> readAttributes(Path path, String attributes, LinkOption... options)

Reads a set of file attributes as a bulk operation.

abstract <A extends BasicFileAttributes> A readAttributes(Path path, Class<A> type, LinkOption... options)

Reads a file's attributes as a bulk operation.

Path readSymbolicLink(Path link)

Reads the target of a symbolic link.

abstract void setAttribute(Path path, String attribute, Object value, LinkOption... options)

Sets the value of a file attribute.

Inherited methods

Protected constructors

FileSystemProvider

added in API level 26
FileSystemProvider ()

Initializes a new instance of this class.

During construction a provider may safely access files associated with the default provider but care needs to be taken to avoid circular loading of other installed providers. If circular loading of installed providers is detected then an unspecified error is thrown.

Throws
SecurityException If a security manager has been installed and it denies RuntimePermission("fileSystemProvider")

Public methods

checkAccess

added in API level 26
void checkAccess (Path path, 
                AccessMode... modes)

Checks the existence, and optionally the accessibility, of a file.

This method may be used by the isReadable, isWritable and isExecutable methods to check the accessibility of a file.

This method checks the existence of a file and that this Java virtual machine has appropriate privileges that would allow it access the file according to all of access modes specified in the modes parameter as follows:

Value Description
READ Checks that the file exists and that the Java virtual machine has permission to read the file.
WRITE Checks that the file exists and that the Java virtual machine has permission to write to the file,
EXECUTE Checks that the file exists and that the Java virtual machine has permission to execute the file. The semantics may differ when checking access to a directory. For example, on UNIX systems, checking for EXECUTE access checks that the Java virtual machine has permission to search the directory in order to access file or subdirectories.

If the modes parameter is of length zero, then the existence of the file is checked.

This method follows symbolic links if the file referenced by this object is a symbolic link. Depending on the implementation, this method may require to read file permissions, access control lists, or other file attributes in order to check the effective access to the file. To determine the effective access to a file may require access to several attributes and so in some implementations this method may not be atomic with respect to other file system operations.

Parameters
path Path: the path to the file to check

modes AccessMode: The access modes to check; may have zero elements

Throws
UnsupportedOperationException an implementation is required to support checking for READ, WRITE, and EXECUTE access. This exception is specified to allow for the Access enum to be extended in future releases.
NoSuchFileException if a file does not exist (optional specific exception)
AccessDeniedException the requested access would be denied or the access cannot be determined because the Java virtual machine has insufficient privileges or other reasons. (optional specific exception)
IOException if an I/O error occurs
SecurityException In the case of the default provider, and a security manager is installed, the checkRead is invoked when checking read access to the file or only the existence of the file, the checkWrite is invoked when checking write access to the file, and checkExec is invoked when checking execute access.

copy

added in API level 26
void copy (Path source, 
                Path target, 
                CopyOption... options)

Copy a file to a target file. This method works in exactly the manner specified by the copy(Path, Path, CopyOption[]) method except that both the source and target paths must be associated with this provider.

Parameters
source Path: the path to the file to copy

target Path: the path to the target file

options CopyOption: options specifying how the copy should be done

Throws
UnsupportedOperationException if the array contains a copy option that is not supported
FileAlreadyExistsException if the target file exists but cannot be replaced because the REPLACE_EXISTING option is not specified (optional specific exception)
DirectoryNotEmptyException the REPLACE_EXISTING option is specified but the file cannot be replaced because it is a non-empty directory (optional specific exception)
IOException if an I/O error occurs
SecurityException In the case of the default provider, and a security manager is installed, the checkRead method is invoked to check read access to the source file, the checkWrite is invoked to check write access to the target file. If a symbolic link is copied the security manager is invoked to check LinkPermission("symbolic").

createDirectory

added in API level 26
void createDirectory (Path dir, 
                FileAttribute...<?> attrs)

Creates a new directory. This method works in exactly the manner specified by the createDirectory(Path, FileAttribute...) method.

Parameters
dir Path: the directory to create

attrs FileAttribute: an optional list of file attributes to set atomically when creating the directory

Throws
UnsupportedOperationException if the array contains an attribute that cannot be set atomically when creating the directory
FileAlreadyExistsException if a directory could not otherwise be created because a file of that name already exists (optional specific exception)
IOException if an I/O error occurs or the parent directory does not exist
SecurityException In the case of the default provider, and a security manager is installed, the checkWrite method is invoked to check write access to the new directory.

createLink

added in API level 26
void createLink (Path link, 
                Path existing)

Creates a new link (directory entry) for an existing file. This method works in exactly the manner specified by the createLink(Path, Path) method.

The default implementation of this method throws UnsupportedOperationException.

Parameters
link Path: the link (directory entry) to create

existing Path: a path to an existing file

Throws
UnsupportedOperationException if the implementation does not support adding an existing file to a directory
FileAlreadyExistsException if the entry could not otherwise be created because a file of that name already exists (optional specific exception)
IOException if an I/O error occurs
SecurityException In the case of the default provider, and a security manager is installed, it denies LinkPermission("hard") or its checkWrite method denies write access to either the link or the existing file.

createSymbolicLink

added in API level 26
void createSymbolicLink (Path link, 
                Path target, 
                FileAttribute...<?> attrs)

Creates a symbolic link to a target. This method works in exactly the manner specified by the createSymbolicLink(Path, Path, FileAttribute...) method.

The default implementation of this method throws UnsupportedOperationException.

Parameters
link Path: the path of the symbolic link to create

target Path: the target of the symbolic link

attrs FileAttribute: the array of attributes to set atomically when creating the symbolic link

Throws
UnsupportedOperationException if the implementation does not support symbolic links or the array contains an attribute that cannot be set atomically when creating the symbolic link
FileAlreadyExistsException if a file with the name already exists (optional specific exception)
IOException if an I/O error occurs
SecurityException In the case of the default provider, and a security manager is installed, it denies LinkPermission("symbolic") or its checkWrite method denies write access to the path of the symbolic link.

delete

added in API level 26
void delete (Path path)

Deletes a file. This method works in exactly the manner specified by the delete(Path) method.

Parameters
path Path: the path to the file to delete

Throws
NoSuchFileException if the file does not exist (optional specific exception)
DirectoryNotEmptyException if the file is a directory and could not otherwise be deleted because the directory is not empty (optional specific exception)
IOException if an I/O error occurs
SecurityException In the case of the default provider, and a security manager is installed, the checkDelete(String) method is invoked to check delete access to the file

deleteIfExists

added in API level 26
boolean deleteIfExists (Path path)

Deletes a file if it exists. This method works in exactly the manner specified by the deleteIfExists(Path) method.

The default implementation of this method simply invokes delete(Path) ignoring the NoSuchFileException when the file does not exist. It may be overridden where appropriate.

Parameters
path Path: the path to the file to delete

Returns
boolean true if the file was deleted by this method; false if the file could not be deleted because it did not exist

Throws
DirectoryNotEmptyException if the file is a directory and could not otherwise be deleted because the directory is not empty (optional specific exception)
IOException if an I/O error occurs
SecurityException In the case of the default provider, and a security manager is installed, the checkDelete(String) method is invoked to check delete access to the file

getFileAttributeView

added in API level 26
V getFileAttributeView (Path path, 
                Class<V> type, 
                LinkOption... options)

Returns a file attribute view of a given type. This method works in exactly the manner specified by the getFileAttributeView(Path, Class, LinkOption...) method.

Parameters
path Path: the path to the file

type Class: the Class object corresponding to the file attribute view

options LinkOption: options indicating how symbolic links are handled

Returns
V a file attribute view of the specified type, or null if the attribute view type is not available

getFileStore

added in API level 26
FileStore getFileStore (Path path)

Returns the FileStore representing the file store where a file is located. This method works in exactly the manner specified by the getFileStore(Path) method.

Parameters
path Path: the path to the file

Returns
FileStore the file store where the file is stored

Throws
IOException if an I/O error occurs
SecurityException In the case of the default provider, and a security manager is installed, the checkRead method is invoked to check read access to the file, and in addition it checks RuntimePermission ("getFileStoreAttributes")

getFileSystem

added in API level 26
FileSystem getFileSystem (URI uri)

Returns an existing FileSystem created by this provider.

This method returns a reference to a FileSystem that was created by invoking the newFileSystem(URI,Map) method. File systems created the newFileSystem(Path,Map) method are not returned by this method. The file system is identified by its URI. Its exact form is highly provider dependent. In the case of the default provider the URI's path component is "/" and the authority, query and fragment components are undefined (Undefined components are represented by null).

Once a file system created by this provider is closed it is provider-dependent if this method returns a reference to the closed file system or throws FileSystemNotFoundException. If the provider allows a new file system to be created with the same URI as a file system it previously created then this method throws the exception if invoked after the file system is closed (and before a new instance is created by the newFileSystem method).

If a security manager is installed then a provider implementation may require to check a permission before returning a reference to an existing file system. In the case of the default file system, no permission check is required.

Parameters
uri URI: URI reference

Returns
FileSystem The file system

Throws
IllegalArgumentException If the pre-conditions for the uri parameter aren't met
FileSystemNotFoundException If the file system does not exist
SecurityException If a security manager is installed and it denies an unspecified permission.

getPath

added in API level 26
Path getPath (URI uri)

Return a Path object by converting the given URI. The resulting Path is associated with a FileSystem that already exists or is constructed automatically.

The exact form of the URI is file system provider dependent. In the case of the default provider, the URI scheme is "file" and the given URI has a non-empty path component, and undefined query, and fragment components. The resulting Path is associated with the default default FileSystem.

If a security manager is installed then a provider implementation may require to check a permission. In the case of the default file system, no permission check is required.

Parameters
uri URI: The URI to convert

Returns
Path The resulting Path

Throws
IllegalArgumentException If the URI scheme does not identify this provider or other preconditions on the uri parameter do not hold
FileSystemNotFoundException The file system, identified by the URI, does not exist and cannot be created automatically
SecurityException If a security manager is installed and it denies an unspecified permission.

getScheme

added in API level 26
String getScheme ()

Returns the URI scheme that identifies this provider.

Returns
String The URI scheme

installedProviders

added in API level 26
List<FileSystemProvider> installedProviders ()

Returns a list of the installed file system providers.

The first invocation of this method causes the default provider to be initialized (if not already initialized) and loads any other installed providers as described by the FileSystems class.

Returns
List<FileSystemProvider> An unmodifiable list of the installed file system providers. The list contains at least one element, that is the default file system provider

Throws
ServiceConfigurationError When an error occurs while loading a service provider

isHidden

added in API level 26
boolean isHidden (Path path)

Tells whether or not a file is considered hidden. This method works in exactly the manner specified by the isHidden(Path) method.

This method is invoked by the isHidden method.

Parameters
path Path: the path to the file to test

Returns
boolean true if the file is considered hidden

Throws
IOException if an I/O error occurs
SecurityException In the case of the default provider, and a security manager is installed, the checkRead method is invoked to check read access to the file.

isSameFile

added in API level 26
boolean isSameFile (Path path, 
                Path path2)

Tests if two paths locate the same file. This method works in exactly the manner specified by the isSameFile(Path, Path) method.

Parameters
path Path: one path to the file

path2 Path: the other path

Returns
boolean true if, and only if, the two paths locate the same file

Throws
IOException if an I/O error occurs
SecurityException In the case of the default provider, and a security manager is installed, the checkRead method is invoked to check read access to both files.

move

added in API level 26
void move (Path source, 
                Path target, 
                CopyOption... options)

Move or rename a file to a target file. This method works in exactly the manner specified by the move(Path, Path, CopyOption...) method except that both the source and target paths must be associated with this provider.

Parameters
source Path: the path to the file to move

target Path: the path to the target file

options CopyOption: options specifying how the move should be done

Throws
UnsupportedOperationException if the array contains a copy option that is not supported
FileAlreadyExistsException if the target file exists but cannot be replaced because the REPLACE_EXISTING option is not specified (optional specific exception)
DirectoryNotEmptyException the REPLACE_EXISTING option is specified but the file cannot be replaced because it is a non-empty directory (optional specific exception)
AtomicMoveNotSupportedException if the options array contains the ATOMIC_MOVE option but the file cannot be moved as an atomic file system operation.
IOException if an I/O error occurs
SecurityException In the case of the default provider, and a security manager is installed, the checkWrite method is invoked to check write access to both the source and target file.

newAsynchronousFileChannel

added in API level 26
AsynchronousFileChannel newAsynchronousFileChannel (Path path, 
                Set<? extends OpenOption> options, 
                ExecutorService executor, 
                FileAttribute...<?> attrs)

Opens or creates a file for reading and/or writing, returning an asynchronous file channel to access the file. This method works in exactly the manner specified by the AsynchronousFileChannel.open method. A provider that does not support all the features required to construct an asynchronous file channel throws UnsupportedOperationException. The default provider is required to support the creation of asynchronous file channels. When not overridden, the default implementation of this method throws UnsupportedOperationException.

Parameters
path Path: the path of the file to open or create

options Set: options specifying how the file is opened

executor ExecutorService: the thread pool or null to associate the channel with the default thread pool

attrs FileAttribute: an optional list of file attributes to set atomically when creating the file

Returns
AsynchronousFileChannel a new asynchronous file channel

Throws
IllegalArgumentException If the set contains an invalid combination of options
UnsupportedOperationException If this provider that does not support creating asynchronous file channels, or an unsupported open option or file attribute is specified
IOException If an I/O error occurs
SecurityException In the case of the default file system, the checkRead(String) method is invoked to check read access if the file is opened for reading. The checkWrite(String) method is invoked to check write access if the file is opened for writing

newByteChannel

added in API level 26
SeekableByteChannel newByteChannel (Path path, 
                Set<? extends OpenOption> options, 
                FileAttribute...<?> attrs)

Opens or creates a file, returning a seekable byte channel to access the file. This method works in exactly the manner specified by the newByteChannel(Path, Set, FileAttribute[]) method.

Parameters
path Path: the path to the file to open or create

options Set: options specifying how the file is opened

attrs FileAttribute: an optional list of file attributes to set atomically when creating the file

Returns
SeekableByteChannel a new seekable byte channel

Throws
IllegalArgumentException if the set contains an invalid combination of options
UnsupportedOperationException if an unsupported open option is specified or the array contains attributes that cannot be set atomically when creating the file
FileAlreadyExistsException if a file of that name already exists and the CREATE_NEW option is specified (optional specific exception)
IOException if an I/O error occurs
SecurityException In the case of the default provider, and a security manager is installed, the checkRead method is invoked to check read access to the path if the file is opened for reading. The checkWrite method is invoked to check write access to the path if the file is opened for writing. The checkDelete method is invoked to check delete access if the file is opened with the DELETE_ON_CLOSE option.

newDirectoryStream

added in API level 26
DirectoryStream<Path> newDirectoryStream (Path dir, 
                Filter<? super Path> filter)

Opens a directory, returning a DirectoryStream to iterate over the entries in the directory. This method works in exactly the manner specified by the newDirectoryStream(java.nio.file.Path, java.nio.file.DirectoryStream.Filter) method.

Parameters
dir Path: the path to the directory

filter Filter: the directory stream filter

Returns
DirectoryStream<Path> a new and open DirectoryStream object

Throws
NotDirectoryException if the file could not otherwise be opened because it is not a directory (optional specific exception)
IOException if an I/O error occurs
SecurityException In the case of the default provider, and a security manager is installed, the checkRead method is invoked to check read access to the directory.

newFileChannel

added in API level 26
FileChannel newFileChannel (Path path, 
                Set<? extends OpenOption> options, 
                FileAttribute...<?> attrs)

Opens or creates a file for reading and/or writing, returning a file channel to access the file. This method works in exactly the manner specified by the FileChannel.open method. A provider that does not support all the features required to construct a file channel throws UnsupportedOperationException. The default provider is required to support the creation of file channels. When not overridden, the default implementation throws UnsupportedOperationException.

Parameters
path Path: the path of the file to open or create

options Set: options specifying how the file is opened

attrs FileAttribute: an optional list of file attributes to set atomically when creating the file

Returns
FileChannel a new file channel

Throws
IllegalArgumentException If the set contains an invalid combination of options
UnsupportedOperationException If this provider that does not support creating file channels, or an unsupported open option or file attribute is specified
IOException If an I/O error occurs
SecurityException In the case of the default file system, the checkRead(String) method is invoked to check read access if the file is opened for reading. The checkWrite(String) method is invoked to check write access if the file is opened for writing

newFileSystem

added in API level 26
FileSystem newFileSystem (Path path, 
                Map<String, ?> env)

Constructs a new FileSystem to access the contents of a file as a file system.

This method is intended for specialized providers of pseudo file systems where the contents of one or more files is treated as a file system. The env parameter is a map of provider specific properties to configure the file system.

If this provider does not support the creation of such file systems or if the provider does not recognize the file type of the given file then it throws UnsupportedOperationException. The default implementation of this method throws UnsupportedOperationException.

Parameters
path Path: The path to the file

env Map: A map of provider specific properties to configure the file system; may be empty

Returns
FileSystem A new file system

Throws
UnsupportedOperationException If this provider does not support access to the contents as a file system or it does not recognize the file type of the given file
IllegalArgumentException If the env parameter does not contain properties required by the provider, or a property value is invalid
IOException If an I/O error occurs
SecurityException If a security manager is installed and it denies an unspecified permission.

newFileSystem

added in API level 26
FileSystem newFileSystem (URI uri, 
                Map<String, ?> env)

Constructs a new FileSystem object identified by a URI. This method is invoked by the newFileSystem(URI, Map) method to open a new file system identified by a URI.

The uri parameter is an absolute, hierarchical URI, with a scheme equal (without regard to case) to the scheme supported by this provider. The exact form of the URI is highly provider dependent. The env parameter is a map of provider specific properties to configure the file system.

This method throws FileSystemAlreadyExistsException if the file system already exists because it was previously created by an invocation of this method. Once a file system is closed it is provider-dependent if the provider allows a new file system to be created with the same URI as a file system it previously created.

Parameters
uri URI: URI reference

env Map: A map of provider specific properties to configure the file system; may be empty

Returns
FileSystem A new file system

Throws
IllegalArgumentException If the pre-conditions for the uri parameter aren't met, or the env parameter does not contain properties required by the provider, or a property value is invalid
IOException An I/O error occurs creating the file system
SecurityException If a security manager is installed and it denies an unspecified permission required by the file system provider implementation
FileSystemAlreadyExistsException If the file system has already been created

newInputStream

added in API level 26
InputStream newInputStream (Path path, 
                OpenOption... options)

Opens a file, returning an input stream to read from the file. This method works in exactly the manner specified by the newInputStream(Path, OpenOption...) method.

The default implementation of this method opens a channel to the file as if by invoking the newByteChannel(Path, Set, FileAttribute...) method and constructs a stream that reads bytes from the channel. This method should be overridden where appropriate.

Parameters
path Path: the path to the file to open

options OpenOption: options specifying how the file is opened

Returns
InputStream a new input stream

Throws
IllegalArgumentException if an invalid combination of options is specified
UnsupportedOperationException if an unsupported option is specified
IOException if an I/O error occurs
SecurityException In the case of the default provider, and a security manager is installed, the checkRead method is invoked to check read access to the file.

newOutputStream

added in API level 26
OutputStream newOutputStream (Path path, 
                OpenOption... options)

Opens or creates a file, returning an output stream that may be used to write bytes to the file. This method works in exactly the manner specified by the newOutputStream(Path, OpenOption...) method.

The default implementation of this method opens a channel to the file as if by invoking the newByteChannel(Path, Set, FileAttribute...) method and constructs a stream that writes bytes to the channel. This method should be overridden where appropriate.

Parameters
path Path: the path to the file to open or create

options OpenOption: options specifying how the file is opened

Returns
OutputStream a new output stream

Throws
IllegalArgumentException if options contains an invalid combination of options
UnsupportedOperationException if an unsupported option is specified
IOException if an I/O error occurs
SecurityException In the case of the default provider, and a security manager is installed, the checkWrite method is invoked to check write access to the file. The checkDelete method is invoked to check delete access if the file is opened with the DELETE_ON_CLOSE option.

readAttributes

added in API level 26
Map<StringObject> readAttributes (Path path, 
                String attributes, 
                LinkOption... options)

Reads a set of file attributes as a bulk operation. This method works in exactly the manner specified by the readAttributes(Path, String, LinkOption[]) method.

Parameters
path Path: the path to the file

attributes String: the attributes to read

options LinkOption: options indicating how symbolic links are handled

Returns
Map<StringObject> a map of the attributes returned; may be empty. The map's keys are the attribute names, its values are the attribute values

Throws
UnsupportedOperationException if the attribute view is not available
IllegalArgumentException if no attributes are specified or an unrecognized attributes is specified
IOException If an I/O error occurs
SecurityException In the case of the default provider, and a security manager is installed, its checkRead method denies read access to the file. If this method is invoked to read security sensitive attributes then the security manager may be invoke to check for additional permissions.

readAttributes

added in API level 26
A readAttributes (Path path, 
                Class<A> type, 
                LinkOption... options)

Reads a file's attributes as a bulk operation. This method works in exactly the manner specified by the readAttributes(Path, Class, LinkOption[]) method.

Parameters
path Path: the path to the file

type Class: the Class of the file attributes required to read

options LinkOption: options indicating how symbolic links are handled

Returns
A the file attributes

Throws
UnsupportedOperationException if an attributes of the given type are not supported
IOException if an I/O error occurs
SecurityException In the case of the default provider, a security manager is installed, its checkRead method is invoked to check read access to the file

readSymbolicLink

added in API level 26
Path readSymbolicLink (Path link)

Reads the target of a symbolic link. This method works in exactly the manner specified by the readSymbolicLink(Path) method.

The default implementation of this method throws UnsupportedOperationException.

Parameters
link Path: the path to the symbolic link

Returns
Path The target of the symbolic link

Throws
UnsupportedOperationException if the implementation does not support symbolic links
NotLinkException if the target could otherwise not be read because the file is not a symbolic link (optional specific exception)
IOException if an I/O error occurs
SecurityException In the case of the default provider, and a security manager is installed, it checks that FilePermission has been granted with the "readlink" action to read the link.

setAttribute

added in API level 26
void setAttribute (Path path, 
                String attribute, 
                Object value, 
                LinkOption... options)

Sets the value of a file attribute. This method works in exactly the manner specified by the setAttribute(Path, String, Object, LinkOption...) method.

Parameters
path Path: the path to the file

attribute String: the attribute to set

value Object: the attribute value

options LinkOption: options indicating how symbolic links are handled

Throws
UnsupportedOperationException if the attribute view is not available
IllegalArgumentException if the attribute name is not specified, or is not recognized, or the attribute value is of the correct type but has an inappropriate value
ClassCastException If the attribute value is not of the expected type or is a collection containing elements that are not of the expected type
IOException If an I/O error occurs
SecurityException In the case of the default provider, and a security manager is installed, its checkWrite method denies write access to the file. If this method is invoked to set security sensitive attributes then the security manager may be invoked to check for additional permissions.