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MulticastChannel

public interface MulticastChannel
implements NetworkChannel

java.nio.channels.MulticastChannel
Known Indirect Subclasses


A network channel that supports Internet Protocol (IP) multicasting.

IP multicasting is the transmission of IP datagrams to members of a group that is zero or more hosts identified by a single destination address.

In the case of a channel to an IPv4 socket, the underlying operating system supports RFC 2236: Internet Group Management Protocol, Version 2 (IGMPv2). It may optionally support source filtering as specified by RFC 3376: Internet Group Management Protocol, Version 3 (IGMPv3). For channels to an IPv6 socket, the equivalent standards are RFC 2710: Multicast Listener Discovery (MLD) for IPv6 and RFC 3810: Multicast Listener Discovery Version 2 (MLDv2) for IPv6.

The join(InetAddress, NetworkInterface) method is used to join a group and receive all multicast datagrams sent to the group. A channel may join several multicast groups and may join the same group on several interfaces. Membership is dropped by invoking the drop method on the returned MembershipKey. If the underlying platform supports source filtering then the block and unblock methods can be used to block or unblock multicast datagrams from particular source addresses.

The join(InetAddress, NetworkInterface, InetAddress) method is used to begin receiving datagrams sent to a group whose source address matches a given source address. This method throws UnsupportedOperationException if the underlying platform does not support source filtering. Membership is cumulative and this method may be invoked again with the same group and interface to allow receiving datagrams from other source addresses. The method returns a MembershipKey that represents membership to receive datagrams from the given source address. Invoking the key's drop method drops membership so that datagrams from the source address can no longer be received.

Platform dependencies

The multicast implementation is intended to map directly to the native multicasting facility. Consequently, the following items should be considered when developing an application that receives IP multicast datagrams:
  1. The creation of the channel should specify the ProtocolFamily that corresponds to the address type of the multicast groups that the channel will join. There is no guarantee that a channel to a socket in one protocol family can join and receive multicast datagrams when the address of the multicast group corresponds to another protocol family. For example, it is implementation specific if a channel to an IPv6 socket can join an IPv4 multicast group and receive multicast datagrams sent to the group.

  2. The channel's socket should be bound to the wildcard address. If the socket is bound to a specific address, rather than the wildcard address then it is implementation specific if multicast datagrams are received by the socket.

  3. The SO_REUSEADDR option should be enabled prior to binding the socket. This is required to allow multiple members of the group to bind to the same address.

Usage Example:

     // join multicast group on this interface, and also use this
     // interface for outgoing multicast datagrams
     NetworkInterface ni = NetworkInterface.getByName("hme0");

     DatagramChannel dc = DatagramChannel.open(StandardProtocolFamily.INET)
         .setOption(StandardSocketOptions.SO_REUSEADDR, true)
         .bind(new InetSocketAddress(5000))
         .setOption(StandardSocketOptions.IP_MULTICAST_IF, ni);

     InetAddress group = InetAddress.getByName("225.4.5.6");

     MembershipKey key = dc.join(group, ni);
 

Summary

Public methods

abstract void close()

Closes this channel.

abstract MembershipKey join(InetAddress group, NetworkInterface interf)

Joins a multicast group to begin receiving all datagrams sent to the group, returning a membership key.

abstract MembershipKey join(InetAddress group, NetworkInterface interf, InetAddress source)

Joins a multicast group to begin receiving datagrams sent to the group from a given source address.

Inherited methods

From interface java.nio.channels.NetworkChannel
From interface java.nio.channels.Channel
From interface java.io.Closeable
From interface java.lang.AutoCloseable

Public methods

close

added in API level 26
void close ()

Closes this channel.

If the channel is a member of a multicast group then the membership is dropped. Upon return, the membership-key will be invalid.

This method otherwise behaves exactly as specified by the Channel interface.

Throws
IOException If an I/O error occurs

join

added in API level 26
MembershipKey join (InetAddress group, 
                NetworkInterface interf)

Joins a multicast group to begin receiving all datagrams sent to the group, returning a membership key.

If this channel is currently a member of the group on the given interface to receive all datagrams then the membership key, representing that membership, is returned. Otherwise this channel joins the group and the resulting new membership key is returned. The resulting membership key is not source-specific.

A multicast channel may join several multicast groups, including the same group on more than one interface. An implementation may impose a limit on the number of groups that may be joined at the same time.

Parameters
group InetAddress: The multicast address to join

interf NetworkInterface: The network interface on which to join the group

Returns
MembershipKey The membership key

Throws
IllegalArgumentException If the group parameter is not a multicast address, or the group parameter is an address type that is not supported by this channel
IllegalStateException If the channel already has source-specific membership of the group on the interface
UnsupportedOperationException If the channel's socket is not an Internet Protocol socket
ClosedChannelException If this channel is closed
IOException If an I/O error occurs
SecurityException If a security manager is set, and its checkMulticast method denies access to the multiast group

join

added in API level 26
MembershipKey join (InetAddress group, 
                NetworkInterface interf, 
                InetAddress source)

Joins a multicast group to begin receiving datagrams sent to the group from a given source address.

If this channel is currently a member of the group on the given interface to receive datagrams from the given source address then the membership key, representing that membership, is returned. Otherwise this channel joins the group and the resulting new membership key is returned. The resulting membership key is source-specific.

Membership is cumulative and this method may be invoked again with the same group and interface to allow receiving datagrams sent by other source addresses to the group.

Parameters
group InetAddress: The multicast address to join

interf NetworkInterface: The network interface on which to join the group

source InetAddress: The source address

Returns
MembershipKey The membership key

Throws
IllegalArgumentException If the group parameter is not a multicast address, the source parameter is not a unicast address, the group parameter is an address type that is not supported by this channel, or the source parameter is not the same address type as the group
IllegalStateException If the channel is currently a member of the group on the given interface to receive all datagrams
UnsupportedOperationException If the channel's socket is not an Internet Protocol socket or source filtering is not supported
ClosedChannelException If this channel is closed
IOException If an I/O error occurs
SecurityException If a security manager is set, and its checkMulticast method denies access to the multiast group
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