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StringBuffer

public final class StringBuffer
extends Object implements CharSequence, Serializable, Appendable, CharSequence

java.lang.Object
   ↳ java.lang.StringBuffer


A thread-safe, mutable sequence of characters. A string buffer is like a String, but can be modified. At any point in time it contains some particular sequence of characters, but the length and content of the sequence can be changed through certain method calls.

String buffers are safe for use by multiple threads. The methods are synchronized where necessary so that all the operations on any particular instance behave as if they occur in some serial order that is consistent with the order of the method calls made by each of the individual threads involved.

The principal operations on a StringBuffer are the append and insert methods, which are overloaded so as to accept data of any type. Each effectively converts a given datum to a string and then appends or inserts the characters of that string to the string buffer. The append method always adds these characters at the end of the buffer; the insert method adds the characters at a specified point.

For example, if z refers to a string buffer object whose current contents are "start", then the method call z.append("le") would cause the string buffer to contain "startle", whereas z.insert(4, "le") would alter the string buffer to contain "starlet".

In general, if sb refers to an instance of a StringBuffer, then sb.append(x) has the same effect as sb.insert(sb.length(), x).

Whenever an operation occurs involving a source sequence (such as appending or inserting from a source sequence) this class synchronizes only on the string buffer performing the operation, not on the source.

Every string buffer has a capacity. As long as the length of the character sequence contained in the string buffer does not exceed the capacity, it is not necessary to allocate a new internal buffer array. If the internal buffer overflows, it is automatically made larger. As of release JDK 5, this class has been supplemented with an equivalent class designed for use by a single thread, StringBuilder. The StringBuilder class should generally be used in preference to this one, as it supports all of the same operations but it is faster, as it performs no synchronization.

See also:

Summary

Public constructors

StringBuffer()

Constructs a string buffer with no characters in it and an initial capacity of 16 characters.

StringBuffer(int capacity)

Constructs a string buffer with no characters in it and the specified initial capacity.

StringBuffer(String str)

Constructs a string buffer initialized to the contents of the specified string.

StringBuffer(CharSequence seq)

Constructs a string buffer that contains the same characters as the specified CharSequence.

Public methods

StringBuffer append(boolean b)

Appends the string representation of the boolean argument to the sequence.

StringBuffer append(long lng)

Appends the string representation of the long argument to this sequence.

StringBuffer append(char c)

Appends the string representation of the char argument to this sequence.

StringBuffer append(Object obj)

Appends the string representation of the Object argument.

StringBuffer append(char[] str, int offset, int len)

Appends the string representation of a subarray of the char array argument to this sequence.

StringBuffer append(double d)

Appends the string representation of the double argument to this sequence.

StringBuffer append(char[] str)

Appends the string representation of the char array argument to this sequence.

StringBuffer append(String str)

Appends the specified string to this character sequence.

StringBuffer append(StringBuffer sb)

Appends the specified StringBuffer to this sequence.

StringBuffer append(float f)

Appends the string representation of the float argument to this sequence.

StringBuffer append(int i)

Appends the string representation of the int argument to this sequence.

StringBuffer append(CharSequence s, int start, int end)

Appends a subsequence of the specified CharSequence to this sequence.

StringBuffer append(CharSequence s)

Appends the specified CharSequence to this sequence.

StringBuffer appendCodePoint(int codePoint)

Appends the string representation of the codePoint argument to this sequence.

int capacity()

Returns the current capacity.

char charAt(int index)

Returns the char value in this sequence at the specified index.

int codePointAt(int index)

Returns the character (Unicode code point) at the specified index.

int codePointBefore(int index)

Returns the character (Unicode code point) before the specified index.

int codePointCount(int beginIndex, int endIndex)

Returns the number of Unicode code points in the specified text range of this sequence.

StringBuffer delete(int start, int end)

Removes the characters in a substring of this sequence.

StringBuffer deleteCharAt(int index)

Removes the char at the specified position in this sequence.

void ensureCapacity(int minimumCapacity)

Ensures that the capacity is at least equal to the specified minimum.

void getChars(int srcBegin, int srcEnd, char[] dst, int dstBegin)

Characters are copied from this sequence into the destination character array dst.

int indexOf(String str)

Returns the index within this string of the first occurrence of the specified substring.

int indexOf(String str, int fromIndex)

Returns the index within this string of the first occurrence of the specified substring, starting at the specified index.

StringBuffer insert(int offset, char[] str)

Inserts the string representation of the char array argument into this sequence.

StringBuffer insert(int offset, float f)

Inserts the string representation of the float argument into this sequence.

StringBuffer insert(int dstOffset, CharSequence s)

Inserts the specified CharSequence into this sequence.

StringBuffer insert(int offset, char c)

Inserts the string representation of the char argument into this sequence.

StringBuffer insert(int offset, long l)

Inserts the string representation of the long argument into this sequence.

StringBuffer insert(int index, char[] str, int offset, int len)

Inserts the string representation of a subarray of the str array argument into this sequence.

StringBuffer insert(int offset, int i)

Inserts the string representation of the second int argument into this sequence.

StringBuffer insert(int offset, String str)

Inserts the string into this character sequence.

StringBuffer insert(int offset, double d)

Inserts the string representation of the double argument into this sequence.

StringBuffer insert(int dstOffset, CharSequence s, int start, int end)

Inserts a subsequence of the specified CharSequence into this sequence.

StringBuffer insert(int offset, Object obj)

Inserts the string representation of the Object argument into this character sequence.

StringBuffer insert(int offset, boolean b)

Inserts the string representation of the boolean argument into this sequence.

int lastIndexOf(String str, int fromIndex)

Returns the index within this string of the last occurrence of the specified substring.

int lastIndexOf(String str)

Returns the index within this string of the rightmost occurrence of the specified substring.

int length()

Returns the length (character count).

int offsetByCodePoints(int index, int codePointOffset)

Returns the index within this sequence that is offset from the given index by codePointOffset code points.

StringBuffer replace(int start, int end, String str)

Replaces the characters in a substring of this sequence with characters in the specified String.

StringBuffer reverse()

Causes this character sequence to be replaced by the reverse of the sequence.

void setCharAt(int index, char ch)

The character at the specified index is set to ch.

void setLength(int newLength)

Sets the length of the character sequence.

CharSequence subSequence(int start, int end)

Returns a new character sequence that is a subsequence of this sequence.

String substring(int start, int end)

Returns a new String that contains a subsequence of characters currently contained in this sequence.

String substring(int start)

Returns a new String that contains a subsequence of characters currently contained in this character sequence.

String toString()

Returns a string representing the data in this sequence.

void trimToSize()

Attempts to reduce storage used for the character sequence.

Inherited methods

From class java.lang.Object
From interface java.lang.CharSequence
From interface java.lang.Appendable

Public constructors

StringBuffer

Added in API level 1
StringBuffer ()

Constructs a string buffer with no characters in it and an initial capacity of 16 characters.

StringBuffer

Added in API level 1
StringBuffer (int capacity)

Constructs a string buffer with no characters in it and the specified initial capacity.

Parameters
capacity int: the initial capacity.
Throws
NegativeArraySizeException if the capacity argument is less than 0.

StringBuffer

Added in API level 1
StringBuffer (String str)

Constructs a string buffer initialized to the contents of the specified string. The initial capacity of the string buffer is 16 plus the length of the string argument.

Parameters
str String: the initial contents of the buffer.
Throws
NullPointerException if str is null

StringBuffer

Added in API level 1
StringBuffer (CharSequence seq)

Constructs a string buffer that contains the same characters as the specified CharSequence. The initial capacity of the string buffer is 16 plus the length of the CharSequence argument.

If the length of the specified CharSequence is less than or equal to zero, then an empty buffer of capacity 16 is returned.

Parameters
seq CharSequence: the sequence to copy.
Throws
NullPointerException if seq is null

Public methods

append

Added in API level 1
StringBuffer append (boolean b)

Appends the string representation of the boolean argument to the sequence.

The overall effect is exactly as if the argument were converted to a string by the method valueOf(boolean), and the characters of that string were then ERROR(appended/#append(String) appended) to this character sequence.

Parameters
b boolean: a boolean.
Returns
StringBuffer a reference to this object.

append

Added in API level 1
StringBuffer append (long lng)

Appends the string representation of the long argument to this sequence.

The overall effect is exactly as if the argument were converted to a string by the method valueOf(long), and the characters of that string were then ERROR(appended/#append(String) appended) to this character sequence.

Parameters
lng long: a long.
Returns
StringBuffer a reference to this object.

append

Added in API level 1
StringBuffer append (char c)

Appends the string representation of the char argument to this sequence.

The argument is appended to the contents of this sequence. The length of this sequence increases by 1.

The overall effect is exactly as if the argument were converted to a string by the method valueOf(char), and the character in that string were then ERROR(appended/#append(String) appended) to this character sequence.

Parameters
c char: a char.
Returns
StringBuffer a reference to this object.

append

Added in API level 1
StringBuffer append (Object obj)

Appends the string representation of the Object argument.

The overall effect is exactly as if the argument were converted to a string by the method valueOf(Object), and the characters of that string were then ERROR(appended/#append(String) appended) to this character sequence.

Parameters
obj Object: an Object.
Returns
StringBuffer a reference to this object.

append

Added in API level 1
StringBuffer append (char[] str, 
                int offset, 
                int len)

Appends the string representation of a subarray of the char array argument to this sequence.

Characters of the char array str, starting at index offset, are appended, in order, to the contents of this sequence. The length of this sequence increases by the value of len.

The overall effect is exactly as if the arguments were converted to a string by the method valueOf(char[], int, int), and the characters of that string were then ERROR(appended/#append(String) appended) to this character sequence.

Parameters
str char: the characters to be appended.
offset int: the index of the first char to append.
len int: the number of chars to append.
Returns
StringBuffer a reference to this object.
Throws
IndexOutOfBoundsException

append

Added in API level 1
StringBuffer append (double d)

Appends the string representation of the double argument to this sequence.

The overall effect is exactly as if the argument were converted to a string by the method valueOf(double), and the characters of that string were then ERROR(appended/#append(String) appended) to this character sequence.

Parameters
d double: a double.
Returns
StringBuffer a reference to this object.

append

Added in API level 1
StringBuffer append (char[] str)

Appends the string representation of the char array argument to this sequence.

The characters of the array argument are appended, in order, to the contents of this sequence. The length of this sequence increases by the length of the argument.

The overall effect is exactly as if the argument were converted to a string by the method valueOf(char[]), and the characters of that string were then ERROR(appended/#append(String) appended) to this character sequence.

Parameters
str char: the characters to be appended.
Returns
StringBuffer a reference to this object.

append

Added in API level 1
StringBuffer append (String str)

Appends the specified string to this character sequence.

The characters of the String argument are appended, in order, increasing the length of this sequence by the length of the argument. If str is null, then the four characters "null" are appended.

Let n be the length of this character sequence just prior to execution of the append method. Then the character at index k in the new character sequence is equal to the character at index k in the old character sequence, if k is less than n; otherwise, it is equal to the character at index k-n in the argument str.

Parameters
str String: a string.
Returns
StringBuffer a reference to this object.

append

Added in API level 1
StringBuffer append (StringBuffer sb)

Appends the specified StringBuffer to this sequence.

The characters of the StringBuffer argument are appended, in order, to the contents of this StringBuffer, increasing the length of this StringBuffer by the length of the argument. If sb is null, then the four characters "null" are appended to this StringBuffer.

Let n be the length of the old character sequence, the one contained in the StringBuffer just prior to execution of the append method. Then the character at index k in the new character sequence is equal to the character at index k in the old character sequence, if k is less than n; otherwise, it is equal to the character at index k-n in the argument sb.

This method synchronizes on this (the destination) object but does not synchronize on the source (sb).

Parameters
sb StringBuffer: the StringBuffer to append.
Returns
StringBuffer a reference to this object.

append

Added in API level 1
StringBuffer append (float f)

Appends the string representation of the float argument to this sequence.

The overall effect is exactly as if the argument were converted to a string by the method valueOf(float), and the characters of that string were then ERROR(appended/#append(String) appended) to this character sequence.

Parameters
f float: a float.
Returns
StringBuffer a reference to this object.

append

Added in API level 1
StringBuffer append (int i)

Appends the string representation of the int argument to this sequence.

The overall effect is exactly as if the argument were converted to a string by the method valueOf(int), and the characters of that string were then ERROR(appended/#append(String) appended) to this character sequence.

Parameters
i int: an int.
Returns
StringBuffer a reference to this object.

append

Added in API level 1
StringBuffer append (CharSequence s, 
                int start, 
                int end)

Appends a subsequence of the specified CharSequence to this sequence.

Characters of the argument s, starting at index start, are appended, in order, to the contents of this sequence up to the (exclusive) index end. The length of this sequence is increased by the value of end - start.

Let n be the length of this character sequence just prior to execution of the append method. Then the character at index k in this character sequence becomes equal to the character at index k in this sequence, if k is less than n; otherwise, it is equal to the character at index k+start-n in the argument s.

If s is null, then this method appends characters as if the s parameter was a sequence containing the four characters "null".

Parameters
s CharSequence: the sequence to append.
start int: the starting index of the subsequence to be appended.
end int: the end index of the subsequence to be appended.
Returns
StringBuffer a reference to this object.
Throws
IndexOutOfBoundsException

append

Added in API level 1
StringBuffer append (CharSequence s)

Appends the specified CharSequence to this sequence.

The characters of the CharSequence argument are appended, in order, increasing the length of this sequence by the length of the argument.

The result of this method is exactly the same as if it were an invocation of this.append(s, 0, s.length());

This method synchronizes on this (the destination) object but does not synchronize on the source (s).

If s is null, then the four characters "null" are appended.

Parameters
s CharSequence: the CharSequence to append.
Returns
StringBuffer a reference to this object.

appendCodePoint

Added in API level 1
StringBuffer appendCodePoint (int codePoint)

Appends the string representation of the codePoint argument to this sequence.

The argument is appended to the contents of this sequence. The length of this sequence increases by Character.charCount(codePoint).

The overall effect is exactly as if the argument were converted to a char array by the method toChars(int) and the character in that array were then ERROR(appended/#append(char[]) appended) to this character sequence.

Parameters
codePoint int: a Unicode code point
Returns
StringBuffer a reference to this object.

capacity

Added in API level 1
int capacity ()

Returns the current capacity. The capacity is the amount of storage available for newly inserted characters, beyond which an allocation will occur.

Returns
int the current capacity

charAt

Added in API level 1
char charAt (int index)

Returns the char value in this sequence at the specified index. The first char value is at index 0, the next at index 1, and so on, as in array indexing.

The index argument must be greater than or equal to 0, and less than the length of this sequence.

If the char value specified by the index is a surrogate, the surrogate value is returned.

Parameters
index int: the index of the desired char value.
Returns
char the char value at the specified index.
Throws
IndexOutOfBoundsException

See also:

codePointAt

Added in API level 1
int codePointAt (int index)

Returns the character (Unicode code point) at the specified index. The index refers to char values (Unicode code units) and ranges from 0 to length() - 1.

If the char value specified at the given index is in the high-surrogate range, the following index is less than the length of this sequence, and the char value at the following index is in the low-surrogate range, then the supplementary code point corresponding to this surrogate pair is returned. Otherwise, the char value at the given index is returned.

Parameters
index int: the index to the char values
Returns
int the code point value of the character at the index

codePointBefore

Added in API level 1
int codePointBefore (int index)

Returns the character (Unicode code point) before the specified index. The index refers to char values (Unicode code units) and ranges from 1 to length().

If the char value at (index - 1) is in the low-surrogate range, (index - 2) is not negative, and the char value at (index - 2) is in the high-surrogate range, then the supplementary code point value of the surrogate pair is returned. If the char value at index - 1 is an unpaired low-surrogate or a high-surrogate, the surrogate value is returned.

Parameters
index int: the index following the code point that should be returned
Returns
int the Unicode code point value before the given index.

codePointCount

Added in API level 1
int codePointCount (int beginIndex, 
                int endIndex)

Returns the number of Unicode code points in the specified text range of this sequence. The text range begins at the specified beginIndex and extends to the char at index endIndex - 1. Thus the length (in chars) of the text range is endIndex-beginIndex. Unpaired surrogates within this sequence count as one code point each.

Parameters
beginIndex int: the index to the first char of the text range.
endIndex int: the index after the last char of the text range.
Returns
int the number of Unicode code points in the specified text range

delete

Added in API level 1
StringBuffer delete (int start, 
                int end)

Removes the characters in a substring of this sequence. The substring begins at the specified start and extends to the character at index end - 1 or to the end of the sequence if no such character exists. If start is equal to end, no changes are made.

Parameters
start int: The beginning index, inclusive.
end int: The ending index, exclusive.
Returns
StringBuffer This object.
Throws
StringIndexOutOfBoundsException

deleteCharAt

Added in API level 1
StringBuffer deleteCharAt (int index)

Removes the char at the specified position in this sequence. This sequence is shortened by one char.

Note: If the character at the given index is a supplementary character, this method does not remove the entire character. If correct handling of supplementary characters is required, determine the number of chars to remove by calling Character.charCount(thisSequence.codePointAt(index)), where thisSequence is this sequence.

Parameters
index int: Index of char to remove
Returns
StringBuffer This object.
Throws
StringIndexOutOfBoundsException

ensureCapacity

Added in API level 1
void ensureCapacity (int minimumCapacity)

Ensures that the capacity is at least equal to the specified minimum. If the current capacity is less than the argument, then a new internal array is allocated with greater capacity. The new capacity is the larger of:

  • The minimumCapacity argument.
  • Twice the old capacity, plus 2.
If the minimumCapacity argument is nonpositive, this method takes no action and simply returns.

Parameters
minimumCapacity int: the minimum desired capacity.

getChars

Added in API level 1
void getChars (int srcBegin, 
                int srcEnd, 
                char[] dst, 
                int dstBegin)

Characters are copied from this sequence into the destination character array dst. The first character to be copied is at index srcBegin; the last character to be copied is at index srcEnd-1. The total number of characters to be copied is srcEnd-srcBegin. The characters are copied into the subarray of dst starting at index dstBegin and ending at index:

 dstbegin + (srcEnd-srcBegin) - 1
 

Parameters
srcBegin int: start copying at this offset.
srcEnd int: stop copying at this offset.
dst char: the array to copy the data into.
dstBegin int: offset into dst.
Throws
NullPointerException
IndexOutOfBoundsException

indexOf

Added in API level 1
int indexOf (String str)

Returns the index within this string of the first occurrence of the specified substring. The integer returned is the smallest value k such that:

 this.toString().startsWith(str, k)
 
is true.

Parameters
str String: any string.
Returns
int if the string argument occurs as a substring within this object, then the index of the first character of the first such substring is returned; if it does not occur as a substring, -1 is returned.
Throws
NullPointerException

indexOf

Added in API level 1
int indexOf (String str, 
                int fromIndex)

Returns the index within this string of the first occurrence of the specified substring, starting at the specified index. The integer returned is the smallest value k for which:

     k >= Math.min(fromIndex, str.length()) &&
                   this.toString().startsWith(str, k)
 
If no such value of k exists, then -1 is returned.

Parameters
str String: the substring for which to search.
fromIndex int: the index from which to start the search.
Returns
int the index within this string of the first occurrence of the specified substring, starting at the specified index.
Throws
NullPointerException

insert

Added in API level 1
StringBuffer insert (int offset, 
                char[] str)

Inserts the string representation of the char array argument into this sequence.

The characters of the array argument are inserted into the contents of this sequence at the position indicated by offset. The length of this sequence increases by the length of the argument.

The overall effect is exactly as if the second argument were converted to a string by the method valueOf(char[]), and the characters of that string were then ERROR(inserted/#insert(int,String) inserted) into this character sequence at the indicated offset.

The offset argument must be greater than or equal to 0, and less than or equal to the length of this sequence.

Parameters
offset int: the offset.
str char: a character array.
Returns
StringBuffer a reference to this object.
Throws
StringIndexOutOfBoundsException

insert

Added in API level 1
StringBuffer insert (int offset, 
                float f)

Inserts the string representation of the float argument into this sequence.

The overall effect is exactly as if the second argument were converted to a string by the method valueOf(float), and the characters of that string were then ERROR(inserted/#insert(int,String) inserted) into this character sequence at the indicated offset.

The offset argument must be greater than or equal to 0, and less than or equal to the length of this sequence.

Parameters
offset int: the offset.
f float: a float.
Returns
StringBuffer a reference to this object.
Throws
StringIndexOutOfBoundsException

insert

Added in API level 1
StringBuffer insert (int dstOffset, 
                CharSequence s)

Inserts the specified CharSequence into this sequence.

The characters of the CharSequence argument are inserted, in order, into this sequence at the indicated offset, moving up any characters originally above that position and increasing the length of this sequence by the length of the argument s.

The result of this method is exactly the same as if it were an invocation of this object's ERROR(insert/#insert(int,CharSequence,int,int) insert)(dstOffset, s, 0, s.length()) method.

If s is null, then the four characters "null" are inserted into this sequence.

Parameters
dstOffset int: the offset.
s CharSequence: the sequence to be inserted
Returns
StringBuffer a reference to this object.
Throws
IndexOutOfBoundsException

insert

Added in API level 1
StringBuffer insert (int offset, 
                char c)

Inserts the string representation of the char argument into this sequence.

The overall effect is exactly as if the second argument were converted to a string by the method valueOf(char), and the character in that string were then ERROR(inserted/#insert(int,String) inserted) into this character sequence at the indicated offset.

The offset argument must be greater than or equal to 0, and less than or equal to the length of this sequence.

Parameters
offset int: the offset.
c char: a char.
Returns
StringBuffer a reference to this object.
Throws
IndexOutOfBoundsException

insert

Added in API level 1
StringBuffer insert (int offset, 
                long l)

Inserts the string representation of the long argument into this sequence.

The overall effect is exactly as if the second argument were converted to a string by the method valueOf(long), and the characters of that string were then ERROR(inserted/#insert(int,String) inserted) into this character sequence at the indicated offset.

The offset argument must be greater than or equal to 0, and less than or equal to the length of this sequence.

Parameters
offset int: the offset.
l long: a long.
Returns
StringBuffer a reference to this object.
Throws
StringIndexOutOfBoundsException

insert

Added in API level 1
StringBuffer insert (int index, 
                char[] str, 
                int offset, 
                int len)

Inserts the string representation of a subarray of the str array argument into this sequence. The subarray begins at the specified offset and extends len chars. The characters of the subarray are inserted into this sequence at the position indicated by index. The length of this sequence increases by len chars.

Parameters
index int: position at which to insert subarray.
str char: A char array.
offset int: the index of the first char in subarray to be inserted.
len int: the number of chars in the subarray to be inserted.
Returns
StringBuffer This object
Throws
StringIndexOutOfBoundsException

insert

Added in API level 1
StringBuffer insert (int offset, 
                int i)

Inserts the string representation of the second int argument into this sequence.

The overall effect is exactly as if the second argument were converted to a string by the method valueOf(int), and the characters of that string were then ERROR(inserted/#insert(int,String) inserted) into this character sequence at the indicated offset.

The offset argument must be greater than or equal to 0, and less than or equal to the length of this sequence.

Parameters
offset int: the offset.
i int: an int.
Returns
StringBuffer a reference to this object.
Throws
StringIndexOutOfBoundsException

insert

Added in API level 1
StringBuffer insert (int offset, 
                String str)

Inserts the string into this character sequence.

The characters of the String argument are inserted, in order, into this sequence at the indicated offset, moving up any characters originally above that position and increasing the length of this sequence by the length of the argument. If str is null, then the four characters "null" are inserted into this sequence.

The character at index k in the new character sequence is equal to:

  • the character at index k in the old character sequence, if k is less than offset
  • the character at index k-offset in the argument str, if k is not less than offset but is less than offset+str.length()
  • the character at index k-str.length() in the old character sequence, if k is not less than offset+str.length()

The offset argument must be greater than or equal to 0, and less than or equal to the length of this sequence.

Parameters
offset int: the offset.
str String: a string.
Returns
StringBuffer a reference to this object.
Throws
StringIndexOutOfBoundsException

insert

Added in API level 1
StringBuffer insert (int offset, 
                double d)

Inserts the string representation of the double argument into this sequence.

The overall effect is exactly as if the second argument were converted to a string by the method valueOf(double), and the characters of that string were then ERROR(inserted/#insert(int,String) inserted) into this character sequence at the indicated offset.

The offset argument must be greater than or equal to 0, and less than or equal to the length of this sequence.

Parameters
offset int: the offset.
d double: a double.
Returns
StringBuffer a reference to this object.
Throws
StringIndexOutOfBoundsException

insert

Added in API level 1
StringBuffer insert (int dstOffset, 
                CharSequence s, 
                int start, 
                int end)

Inserts a subsequence of the specified CharSequence into this sequence.

The subsequence of the argument s specified by start and end are inserted, in order, into this sequence at the specified destination offset, moving up any characters originally above that position. The length of this sequence is increased by end - start.

The character at index k in this sequence becomes equal to:

  • the character at index k in this sequence, if k is less than dstOffset
  • the character at index k+start-dstOffset in the argument s, if k is greater than or equal to dstOffset but is less than dstOffset+end-start
  • the character at index k-(end-start) in this sequence, if k is greater than or equal to dstOffset+end-start

The dstOffset argument must be greater than or equal to 0, and less than or equal to the length of this sequence.

The start argument must be nonnegative, and not greater than end.

The end argument must be greater than or equal to start, and less than or equal to the length of s.

If s is null, then this method inserts characters as if the s parameter was a sequence containing the four characters "null".

Parameters
dstOffset int: the offset in this sequence.
s CharSequence: the sequence to be inserted.
start int: the starting index of the subsequence to be inserted.
end int: the end index of the subsequence to be inserted.
Returns
StringBuffer a reference to this object.
Throws
IndexOutOfBoundsException

insert

Added in API level 1
StringBuffer insert (int offset, 
                Object obj)

Inserts the string representation of the Object argument into this character sequence.

The overall effect is exactly as if the second argument were converted to a string by the method valueOf(Object), and the characters of that string were then ERROR(inserted/#insert(int,String) inserted) into this character sequence at the indicated offset.

The offset argument must be greater than or equal to 0, and less than or equal to the length of this sequence.

Parameters
offset int: the offset.
obj Object: an Object.
Returns
StringBuffer a reference to this object.
Throws
StringIndexOutOfBoundsException

insert

Added in API level 1
StringBuffer insert (int offset, 
                boolean b)

Inserts the string representation of the boolean argument into this sequence.

The overall effect is exactly as if the second argument were converted to a string by the method valueOf(boolean), and the characters of that string were then ERROR(inserted/#insert(int,String) inserted) into this character sequence at the indicated offset.

The offset argument must be greater than or equal to 0, and less than or equal to the length of this sequence.

Parameters
offset int: the offset.
b boolean: a boolean.
Returns
StringBuffer a reference to this object.
Throws
StringIndexOutOfBoundsException

lastIndexOf

Added in API level 1
int lastIndexOf (String str, 
                int fromIndex)

Returns the index within this string of the last occurrence of the specified substring. The integer returned is the largest value k such that:

     k <= Math.min(fromIndex, str.length()) &&
                   this.toString().startsWith(str, k)
 
If no such value of k exists, then -1 is returned.

Parameters
str String: the substring to search for.
fromIndex int: the index to start the search from.
Returns
int the index within this sequence of the last occurrence of the specified substring.
Throws
NullPointerException

lastIndexOf

Added in API level 1
int lastIndexOf (String str)

Returns the index within this string of the rightmost occurrence of the specified substring. The rightmost empty string "" is considered to occur at the index value this.length(). The returned index is the largest value k such that

 this.toString().startsWith(str, k)
 
is true.

Parameters
str String: the substring to search for.
Returns
int if the string argument occurs one or more times as a substring within this object, then the index of the first character of the last such substring is returned. If it does not occur as a substring, -1 is returned.
Throws
NullPointerException

length

Added in API level 1
int length ()

Returns the length (character count).

Returns
int the length of the sequence of characters currently represented by this object

offsetByCodePoints

Added in API level 1
int offsetByCodePoints (int index, 
                int codePointOffset)

Returns the index within this sequence that is offset from the given index by codePointOffset code points. Unpaired surrogates within the text range given by index and codePointOffset count as one code point each.

Parameters
index int: the index to be offset
codePointOffset int: the offset in code points
Returns
int the index within this sequence

replace

Added in API level 1
StringBuffer replace (int start, 
                int end, 
                String str)

Replaces the characters in a substring of this sequence with characters in the specified String. The substring begins at the specified start and extends to the character at index end - 1 or to the end of the sequence if no such character exists. First the characters in the substring are removed and then the specified String is inserted at start. (This sequence will be lengthened to accommodate the specified String if necessary.)

Parameters
start int: The beginning index, inclusive.
end int: The ending index, exclusive.
str String: String that will replace previous contents.
Returns
StringBuffer This object.
Throws
StringIndexOutOfBoundsException

reverse

Added in API level 1
StringBuffer reverse ()

Causes this character sequence to be replaced by the reverse of the sequence. If there are any surrogate pairs included in the sequence, these are treated as single characters for the reverse operation. Thus, the order of the high-low surrogates is never reversed. Let n be the character length of this character sequence (not the length in char values) just prior to execution of the reverse method. Then the character at index k in the new character sequence is equal to the character at index n-k-1 in the old character sequence.

Note that the reverse operation may result in producing surrogate pairs that were unpaired low-surrogates and high-surrogates before the operation. For example, reversing "\uDC00\uD800" produces "\uD800\uDC00" which is a valid surrogate pair.

Returns
StringBuffer a reference to this object.

setCharAt

Added in API level 1
void setCharAt (int index, 
                char ch)

The character at the specified index is set to ch. This sequence is altered to represent a new character sequence that is identical to the old character sequence, except that it contains the character ch at position index.

The index argument must be greater than or equal to 0, and less than the length of this sequence.

Parameters
index int: the index of the character to modify.
ch char: the new character.
Throws
IndexOutOfBoundsException

See also:

setLength

Added in API level 1
void setLength (int newLength)

Sets the length of the character sequence. The sequence is changed to a new character sequence whose length is specified by the argument. For every nonnegative index k less than newLength, the character at index k in the new character sequence is the same as the character at index k in the old sequence if k is less than the length of the old character sequence; otherwise, it is the null character '\u0000'. In other words, if the newLength argument is less than the current length, the length is changed to the specified length.

If the newLength argument is greater than or equal to the current length, sufficient null characters ('\u0000') are appended so that length becomes the newLength argument.

The newLength argument must be greater than or equal to 0.

Parameters
newLength int: the new length
Throws
IndexOutOfBoundsException

See also:

subSequence

Added in API level 1
CharSequence subSequence (int start, 
                int end)

Returns a new character sequence that is a subsequence of this sequence.

An invocation of this method of the form

 sb.subSequence(begin, end)
behaves in exactly the same way as the invocation
 sb.substring(begin, end)
This method is provided so that this class can implement the CharSequence interface.

Parameters
start int: the start index, inclusive.
end int: the end index, exclusive.
Returns
CharSequence the specified subsequence.
Throws
IndexOutOfBoundsException

substring

Added in API level 1
String substring (int start, 
                int end)

Returns a new String that contains a subsequence of characters currently contained in this sequence. The substring begins at the specified start and extends to the character at index end - 1.

Parameters
start int: The beginning index, inclusive.
end int: The ending index, exclusive.
Returns
String The new string.
Throws
StringIndexOutOfBoundsException

substring

Added in API level 1
String substring (int start)

Returns a new String that contains a subsequence of characters currently contained in this character sequence. The substring begins at the specified index and extends to the end of this sequence.

Parameters
start int: The beginning index, inclusive.
Returns
String The new string.
Throws
StringIndexOutOfBoundsException

toString

Added in API level 1
String toString ()

Returns a string representing the data in this sequence. A new String object is allocated and initialized to contain the character sequence currently represented by this object. This String is then returned. Subsequent changes to this sequence do not affect the contents of the String.

Returns
String a string representation of this sequence of characters.

trimToSize

Added in API level 1
void trimToSize ()

Attempts to reduce storage used for the character sequence. If the buffer is larger than necessary to hold its current sequence of characters, then it may be resized to become more space efficient. Calling this method may, but is not required to, affect the value returned by a subsequent call to the capacity() method.

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