Skip to content

Most visited

Recently visited

navigation
Added in API level 11

AsyncTaskLoader

public abstract class AsyncTaskLoader
extends Loader<D>

java.lang.Object
   ↳ android.content.Loader<D>
     ↳ android.content.AsyncTaskLoader<D>
Known Direct Subclasses


Abstract Loader that provides an AsyncTask to do the work. See Loader and LoaderManager for more details.

Here is an example implementation of an AsyncTaskLoader subclass that loads the currently installed applications from the package manager. This implementation takes care of retrieving the application labels and sorting its result set from them, monitoring for changes to the installed applications, and rebuilding the list when a change in configuration requires this (such as a locale change).

/**
 * This class holds the per-item data in our Loader.
 */
public static class AppEntry {
    public AppEntry(AppListLoader loader, ApplicationInfo info) {
        mLoader = loader;
        mInfo = info;
        mApkFile = new File(info.sourceDir);
    }

    public ApplicationInfo getApplicationInfo() {
        return mInfo;
    }

    public String getLabel() {
        return mLabel;
    }

    public Drawable getIcon() {
        if (mIcon == null) {
            if (mApkFile.exists()) {
                mIcon = mInfo.loadIcon(mLoader.mPm);
                return mIcon;
            } else {
                mMounted = false;
            }
        } else if (!mMounted) {
            // If the app wasn't mounted but is now mounted, reload
            // its icon.
            if (mApkFile.exists()) {
                mMounted = true;
                mIcon = mInfo.loadIcon(mLoader.mPm);
                return mIcon;
            }
        } else {
            return mIcon;
        }

        return mLoader.getContext().getResources().getDrawable(
                android.R.drawable.sym_def_app_icon);
    }

    @Override public String toString() {
        return mLabel;
    }

    void loadLabel(Context context) {
        if (mLabel == null || !mMounted) {
            if (!mApkFile.exists()) {
                mMounted = false;
                mLabel = mInfo.packageName;
            } else {
                mMounted = true;
                CharSequence label = mInfo.loadLabel(context.getPackageManager());
                mLabel = label != null ? label.toString() : mInfo.packageName;
            }
        }
    }

    private final AppListLoader mLoader;
    private final ApplicationInfo mInfo;
    private final File mApkFile;
    private String mLabel;
    private Drawable mIcon;
    private boolean mMounted;
}

/**
 * Perform alphabetical comparison of application entry objects.
 */
public static final Comparator<AppEntry> ALPHA_COMPARATOR = new Comparator<AppEntry>() {
    private final Collator sCollator = Collator.getInstance();
    @Override
    public int compare(AppEntry object1, AppEntry object2) {
        return sCollator.compare(object1.getLabel(), object2.getLabel());
    }
};

/**
 * Helper for determining if the configuration has changed in an interesting
 * way so we need to rebuild the app list.
 */
public static class InterestingConfigChanges {
    final Configuration mLastConfiguration = new Configuration();
    int mLastDensity;

    boolean applyNewConfig(Resources res) {
        int configChanges = mLastConfiguration.updateFrom(res.getConfiguration());
        boolean densityChanged = mLastDensity != res.getDisplayMetrics().densityDpi;
        if (densityChanged || (configChanges&(ActivityInfo.CONFIG_LOCALE
                |ActivityInfo.CONFIG_UI_MODE|ActivityInfo.CONFIG_SCREEN_LAYOUT)) != 0) {
            mLastDensity = res.getDisplayMetrics().densityDpi;
            return true;
        }
        return false;
    }
}

/**
 * Helper class to look for interesting changes to the installed apps
 * so that the loader can be updated.
 */
public static class PackageIntentReceiver extends BroadcastReceiver {
    final AppListLoader mLoader;

    public PackageIntentReceiver(AppListLoader loader) {
        mLoader = loader;
        IntentFilter filter = new IntentFilter(Intent.ACTION_PACKAGE_ADDED);
        filter.addAction(Intent.ACTION_PACKAGE_REMOVED);
        filter.addAction(Intent.ACTION_PACKAGE_CHANGED);
        filter.addDataScheme("package");
        mLoader.getContext().registerReceiver(this, filter);
        // Register for events related to sdcard installation.
        IntentFilter sdFilter = new IntentFilter();
        sdFilter.addAction(Intent.ACTION_EXTERNAL_APPLICATIONS_AVAILABLE);
        sdFilter.addAction(Intent.ACTION_EXTERNAL_APPLICATIONS_UNAVAILABLE);
        mLoader.getContext().registerReceiver(this, sdFilter);
    }

    @Override public void onReceive(Context context, Intent intent) {
        // Tell the loader about the change.
        mLoader.onContentChanged();
    }
}

/**
 * A custom Loader that loads all of the installed applications.
 */
public static class AppListLoader extends AsyncTaskLoader<List<AppEntry>> {
    final InterestingConfigChanges mLastConfig = new InterestingConfigChanges();
    final PackageManager mPm;

    List<AppEntry> mApps;
    PackageIntentReceiver mPackageObserver;

    public AppListLoader(Context context) {
        super(context);

        // Retrieve the package manager for later use; note we don't
        // use 'context' directly but instead the save global application
        // context returned by getContext().
        mPm = getContext().getPackageManager();
    }

    /**
     * This is where the bulk of our work is done.  This function is
     * called in a background thread and should generate a new set of
     * data to be published by the loader.
     */
    @Override public List<AppEntry> loadInBackground() {
        // Retrieve all known applications.
        List<ApplicationInfo> apps = mPm.getInstalledApplications(
                PackageManager.GET_UNINSTALLED_PACKAGES |
                PackageManager.GET_DISABLED_COMPONENTS);
        if (apps == null) {
            apps = new ArrayList<ApplicationInfo>();
        }

        final Context context = getContext();

        // Create corresponding array of entries and load their labels.
        List<AppEntry> entries = new ArrayList<AppEntry>(apps.size());
        for (int i=0; i<apps.size(); i++) {
            AppEntry entry = new AppEntry(this, apps.get(i));
            entry.loadLabel(context);
            entries.add(entry);
        }

        // Sort the list.
        Collections.sort(entries, ALPHA_COMPARATOR);

        // Done!
        return entries;
    }

    /**
     * Called when there is new data to deliver to the client.  The
     * super class will take care of delivering it; the implementation
     * here just adds a little more logic.
     */
    @Override public void deliverResult(List<AppEntry> apps) {
        if (isReset()) {
            // An async query came in while the loader is stopped.  We
            // don't need the result.
            if (apps != null) {
                onReleaseResources(apps);
            }
        }
        List<AppEntry> oldApps = mApps;
        mApps = apps;

        if (isStarted()) {
            // If the Loader is currently started, we can immediately
            // deliver its results.
            super.deliverResult(apps);
        }

        // At this point we can release the resources associated with
        // 'oldApps' if needed; now that the new result is delivered we
        // know that it is no longer in use.
        if (oldApps != null) {
            onReleaseResources(oldApps);
        }
    }

    /**
     * Handles a request to start the Loader.
     */
    @Override protected void onStartLoading() {
        if (mApps != null) {
            // If we currently have a result available, deliver it
            // immediately.
            deliverResult(mApps);
        }

        // Start watching for changes in the app data.
        if (mPackageObserver == null) {
            mPackageObserver = new PackageIntentReceiver(this);
        }

        // Has something interesting in the configuration changed since we
        // last built the app list?
        boolean configChange = mLastConfig.applyNewConfig(getContext().getResources());

        if (takeContentChanged() || mApps == null || configChange) {
            // If the data has changed since the last time it was loaded
            // or is not currently available, start a load.
            forceLoad();
        }
    }

    /**
     * Handles a request to stop the Loader.
     */
    @Override protected void onStopLoading() {
        // Attempt to cancel the current load task if possible.
        cancelLoad();
    }

    /**
     * Handles a request to cancel a load.
     */
    @Override public void onCanceled(List<AppEntry> apps) {
        super.onCanceled(apps);

        // At this point we can release the resources associated with 'apps'
        // if needed.
        onReleaseResources(apps);
    }

    /**
     * Handles a request to completely reset the Loader.
     */
    @Override protected void onReset() {
        super.onReset();

        // Ensure the loader is stopped
        onStopLoading();

        // At this point we can release the resources associated with 'apps'
        // if needed.
        if (mApps != null) {
            onReleaseResources(mApps);
            mApps = null;
        }

        // Stop monitoring for changes.
        if (mPackageObserver != null) {
            getContext().unregisterReceiver(mPackageObserver);
            mPackageObserver = null;
        }
    }

    /**
     * Helper function to take care of releasing resources associated
     * with an actively loaded data set.
     */
    protected void onReleaseResources(List<AppEntry> apps) {
        // For a simple List<> there is nothing to do.  For something
        // like a Cursor, we would close it here.
    }
}

An example implementation of a fragment that uses the above loader to show the currently installed applications in a list is below.

public static class AppListAdapter extends ArrayAdapter<AppEntry> {
    private final LayoutInflater mInflater;

    public AppListAdapter(Context context) {
        super(context, android.R.layout.simple_list_item_2);
        mInflater = (LayoutInflater)context.getSystemService(Context.LAYOUT_INFLATER_SERVICE);
    }

    public void setData(List<AppEntry> data) {
        clear();
        if (data != null) {
            addAll(data);
        }
    }

    /**
     * Populate new items in the list.
     */
    @Override public View getView(int position, View convertView, ViewGroup parent) {
        View view;

        if (convertView == null) {
            view = mInflater.inflate(R.layout.list_item_icon_text, parent, false);
        } else {
            view = convertView;
        }

        AppEntry item = getItem(position);
        ((ImageView)view.findViewById(R.id.icon)).setImageDrawable(item.getIcon());
        ((TextView)view.findViewById(R.id.text)).setText(item.getLabel());

        return view;
    }
}

public static class AppListFragment extends ListFragment
        implements OnQueryTextListener, OnCloseListener,
        LoaderManager.LoaderCallbacks<List<AppEntry>> {

    // This is the Adapter being used to display the list's data.
    AppListAdapter mAdapter;

    // The SearchView for doing filtering.
    SearchView mSearchView;

    // If non-null, this is the current filter the user has provided.
    String mCurFilter;

    @Override public void onActivityCreated(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onActivityCreated(savedInstanceState);

        // Give some text to display if there is no data.  In a real
        // application this would come from a resource.
        setEmptyText("No applications");

        // We have a menu item to show in action bar.
        setHasOptionsMenu(true);

        // Create an empty adapter we will use to display the loaded data.
        mAdapter = new AppListAdapter(getActivity());
        setListAdapter(mAdapter);

        // Start out with a progress indicator.
        setListShown(false);

        // Prepare the loader.  Either re-connect with an existing one,
        // or start a new one.
        getLoaderManager().initLoader(0, null, this);
    }

    public static class MySearchView extends SearchView {
        public MySearchView(Context context) {
            super(context);
        }

        // The normal SearchView doesn't clear its search text when
        // collapsed, so we will do this for it.
        @Override
        public void onActionViewCollapsed() {
            setQuery("", false);
            super.onActionViewCollapsed();
        }
    }

    @Override public void onCreateOptionsMenu(Menu menu, MenuInflater inflater) {
        // Place an action bar item for searching.
        MenuItem item = menu.add("Search");
        item.setIcon(android.R.drawable.ic_menu_search);
        item.setShowAsAction(MenuItem.SHOW_AS_ACTION_IF_ROOM
                | MenuItem.SHOW_AS_ACTION_COLLAPSE_ACTION_VIEW);
        mSearchView = new MySearchView(getActivity());
        mSearchView.setOnQueryTextListener(this);
        mSearchView.setOnCloseListener(this);
        mSearchView.setIconifiedByDefault(true);
        item.setActionView(mSearchView);
    }

    @Override public boolean onQueryTextChange(String newText) {
        // Called when the action bar search text has changed.  Since this
        // is a simple array adapter, we can just have it do the filtering.
        mCurFilter = !TextUtils.isEmpty(newText) ? newText : null;
        mAdapter.getFilter().filter(mCurFilter);
        return true;
    }

    @Override public boolean onQueryTextSubmit(String query) {
        // Don't care about this.
        return true;
    }

    @Override
    public boolean onClose() {
        if (!TextUtils.isEmpty(mSearchView.getQuery())) {
            mSearchView.setQuery(null, true);
        }
        return true;
    }

    @Override public void onListItemClick(ListView l, View v, int position, long id) {
        // Insert desired behavior here.
        Log.i("LoaderCustom", "Item clicked: " + id);
    }

    @Override public Loader<List<AppEntry>> onCreateLoader(int id, Bundle args) {
        // This is called when a new Loader needs to be created.  This
        // sample only has one Loader with no arguments, so it is simple.
        return new AppListLoader(getActivity());
    }

    @Override public void onLoadFinished(Loader<List<AppEntry>> loader, List<AppEntry> data) {
        // Set the new data in the adapter.
        mAdapter.setData(data);

        // The list should now be shown.
        if (isResumed()) {
            setListShown(true);
        } else {
            setListShownNoAnimation(true);
        }
    }

    @Override public void onLoaderReset(Loader<List<AppEntry>> loader) {
        // Clear the data in the adapter.
        mAdapter.setData(null);
    }
}

Summary

Public constructors

AsyncTaskLoader(Context context)

Public methods

void cancelLoadInBackground()

Called on the main thread to abort a load in progress.

void dump(String prefix, FileDescriptor fd, PrintWriter writer, String[] args)

Print the Loader's state into the given stream.

boolean isLoadInBackgroundCanceled()

Returns true if the current invocation of loadInBackground() is being canceled.

abstract D loadInBackground()

Called on a worker thread to perform the actual load and to return the result of the load operation.

void onCanceled(D data)

Called if the task was canceled before it was completed.

void setUpdateThrottle(long delayMS)

Set amount to throttle updates by.

Protected methods

boolean onCancelLoad()

Subclasses must implement this to take care of requests to cancelLoad().

void onForceLoad()

Subclasses must implement this to take care of requests to forceLoad().

D onLoadInBackground()

Calls loadInBackground().

Inherited methods

From class android.content.Loader
From class java.lang.Object

Public constructors

AsyncTaskLoader

Added in API level 11
AsyncTaskLoader (Context context)

Parameters
context Context

Public methods

cancelLoadInBackground

Added in API level 16
void cancelLoadInBackground ()

Called on the main thread to abort a load in progress. Override this method to abort the current invocation of loadInBackground() that is running in the background on a worker thread. This method should do nothing if loadInBackground() has not started running or if it has already finished.

See also:

dump

Added in API level 11
void dump (String prefix, 
                FileDescriptor fd, 
                PrintWriter writer, 
                String[] args)

Print the Loader's state into the given stream.

Parameters
prefix String: Text to print at the front of each line.
fd FileDescriptor: The raw file descriptor that the dump is being sent to.
writer PrintWriter: A PrintWriter to which the dump is to be set.
args String: Additional arguments to the dump request.

isLoadInBackgroundCanceled

Added in API level 16
boolean isLoadInBackgroundCanceled ()

Returns true if the current invocation of loadInBackground() is being canceled.

Returns
boolean True if the current invocation of loadInBackground() is being canceled.

See also:

loadInBackground

Added in API level 11
D loadInBackground ()

Called on a worker thread to perform the actual load and to return the result of the load operation. Implementations should not deliver the result directly, but should return them from this method, which will eventually end up calling deliverResult(D) on the UI thread. If implementations need to process the results on the UI thread they may override deliverResult(D) and do so there. To support cancellation, this method should periodically check the value of isLoadInBackgroundCanceled() and terminate when it returns true. Subclasses may also override cancelLoadInBackground() to interrupt the load directly instead of polling isLoadInBackgroundCanceled(). When the load is canceled, this method may either return normally or throw OperationCanceledException. In either case, the Loader will call onCanceled(D) to perform post-cancellation cleanup and to dispose of the result object, if any.

Returns
D The result of the load operation.
Throws
OperationCanceledException if the load is canceled during execution.

See also:

onCanceled

Added in API level 11
void onCanceled (D data)

Called if the task was canceled before it was completed. Gives the class a chance to clean up post-cancellation and to properly dispose of the result.

Parameters
data D: The value that was returned by loadInBackground(), or null if the task threw OperationCanceledException.

setUpdateThrottle

Added in API level 11
void setUpdateThrottle (long delayMS)

Set amount to throttle updates by. This is the minimum time from when the last loadInBackground() call has completed until a new load is scheduled.

Parameters
delayMS long: Amount of delay, in milliseconds.

Protected methods

onCancelLoad

Added in API level 16
boolean onCancelLoad ()

Subclasses must implement this to take care of requests to cancelLoad(). This will always be called from the process's main thread.

Returns
boolean Returns false if the task could not be canceled, typically because it has already completed normally, or because startLoading() hasn't been called; returns true otherwise. When true is returned, the task is still running and the Loader.OnLoadCanceledListener will be called when the task completes.

onForceLoad

Added in API level 11
void onForceLoad ()

Subclasses must implement this to take care of requests to forceLoad(). This will always be called from the process's main thread.

onLoadInBackground

Added in API level 11
D onLoadInBackground ()

Calls loadInBackground(). This method is reserved for use by the loader framework. Subclasses should override loadInBackground() instead of this method.

Returns
D The result of the load operation.
Throws
OperationCanceledException if the load is canceled during execution.

See also:

This site uses cookies to store your preferences for site-specific language and display options.

Hooray!

This class requires API level or higher

This doc is hidden because your selected API level for the documentation is . You can change the documentation API level with the selector above the left navigation.

For more information about specifying the API level your app requires, read Supporting Different Platform Versions.