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RestrictionsManager

public class RestrictionsManager
extends Object

java.lang.Object
   ↳ android.content.RestrictionsManager


Provides a mechanism for apps to query restrictions imposed by an entity that manages the user. Apps can also send permission requests to a local or remote device administrator to override default app-specific restrictions or any other operation that needs explicit authorization from the administrator.

Apps can expose a set of restrictions via an XML file specified in the manifest.

If the user has an active Restrictions Provider, dynamic requests can be made in addition to the statically imposed restrictions. Dynamic requests are app-specific and can be expressed via a predefined set of request types.

The RestrictionsManager forwards the dynamic requests to the active Restrictions Provider. The Restrictions Provider can respond back to requests by calling notifyPermissionResponse(String, PersistableBundle), when a response is received from the administrator of the device or user. The response is relayed back to the application via a protected broadcast, ACTION_PERMISSION_RESPONSE_RECEIVED.

Static restrictions are specified by an XML file referenced by a meta-data attribute in the manifest. This enables applications as well as any web administration consoles to be able to read the list of available restrictions from the apk.

The syntax of the XML format is as follows:

 <?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
 <restrictions xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android" >
     <restriction
         android:key="string"
         android:title="string resource"
         android:restrictionType=["bool" | "string" | "integer"
                                         | "choice" | "multi-select" | "hidden"
                                         | "bundle" | "bundle_array"]
         android:description="string resource"
         android:entries="string-array resource"
         android:entryValues="string-array resource"
         android:defaultValue="reference" >
             <restriction ... />
             ...
     </restriction>
     <restriction ... />
     ...
 </restrictions>
 

The attributes for each restriction depend on the restriction type.

  • key, title and restrictionType are mandatory.
  • entries and entryValues are required if restrictionType is choice or multi-select.
  • defaultValue is optional and its type depends on the restrictionType
  • hidden type must have a defaultValue and will not be shown to the administrator. It can be used to pass along data that cannot be modified, such as a version code.
  • description is meant to describe the restriction in more detail to the administrator controlling the values, if the title is not sufficient.

Only restrictions of type bundle and bundle_array can have one or multiple nested restriction elements.

In your manifest's application section, add the meta-data tag to point to the restrictions XML file as shown below:

 <application ... >
     <meta-data android:name="android.content.APP_RESTRICTIONS"
                   android:resource="@xml/app_restrictions" />
     ...
 </application>
 

See also:

Summary

Constants

String ACTION_PERMISSION_RESPONSE_RECEIVED

Broadcast intent delivered when a response is received for a permission request.

String ACTION_REQUEST_LOCAL_APPROVAL

Activity intent that is optionally implemented by the Restrictions Provider package to challenge for an administrator PIN or password locally on the device.

String ACTION_REQUEST_PERMISSION

Broadcast intent sent to the Restrictions Provider to handle a permission request from an app.

String EXTRA_PACKAGE_NAME

The package name of the application making the request.

String EXTRA_REQUEST_BUNDLE

The request bundle passed in the ACTION_REQUEST_PERMISSION broadcast.

String EXTRA_REQUEST_ID

The request ID passed in the ACTION_REQUEST_PERMISSION broadcast.

String EXTRA_REQUEST_TYPE

The request type passed in the ACTION_REQUEST_PERMISSION broadcast.

String EXTRA_RESPONSE_BUNDLE

Contains a response from the administrator for specific request.

String META_DATA_APP_RESTRICTIONS

Name of the meta-data entry in the manifest that points to the XML file containing the application's available restrictions.

String REQUEST_KEY_APPROVE_LABEL

Key for request approval button label contained in the request bundle.

String REQUEST_KEY_DATA

Key for request data contained in the request bundle.

String REQUEST_KEY_DENY_LABEL

Key for request rejection button label contained in the request bundle.

String REQUEST_KEY_ICON

Key for request icon contained in the request bundle.

String REQUEST_KEY_ID

Key for request ID contained in the request bundle.

String REQUEST_KEY_MESSAGE

Key for request message contained in the request bundle.

String REQUEST_KEY_NEW_REQUEST

Key for issuing a new request, contained in the request bundle.

String REQUEST_KEY_TITLE

Key for request title contained in the request bundle.

String REQUEST_TYPE_APPROVAL

Request type for a simple question, with a possible title and icon.

String RESPONSE_KEY_ERROR_CODE

Key for the optional error code in the response bundle sent to the application.

String RESPONSE_KEY_MESSAGE

Key for the optional message in the response bundle sent to the application.

String RESPONSE_KEY_RESPONSE_TIMESTAMP

Key for the optional timestamp of when the administrator responded to the permission request.

String RESPONSE_KEY_RESULT

Key for the response result in the response bundle sent to the application, for a permission request.

int RESULT_APPROVED

Response result value indicating that the request was approved.

int RESULT_DENIED

Response result value indicating that the request was denied.

int RESULT_ERROR

Response result value indicating an error condition.

int RESULT_ERROR_BAD_REQUEST

Error code indicating that there was a problem with the request.

int RESULT_ERROR_INTERNAL

Error code indicating that there was an internal error.

int RESULT_ERROR_NETWORK

Error code indicating that there was a problem with the network.

int RESULT_NO_RESPONSE

Response result value indicating that the request has not received a response yet.

int RESULT_UNKNOWN_REQUEST

Response result value indicating that the request is unknown, when it's not a new request.

Public methods

static Bundle convertRestrictionsToBundle(List<RestrictionEntry> entries)

Converts a list of restrictions to the corresponding bundle, using the following mapping:

RestrictionEntryBundle
TYPE_BOOLEANputBoolean(String, boolean)
TYPE_CHOICE, TYPE_MULTI_SELECT putStringArray(String, String[])
TYPE_INTEGERputInt(String, int)
TYPE_STRINGputString(String, String)
TYPE_BUNDLEputBundle(String, Bundle)
TYPE_BUNDLE_ARRAY putParcelableArray(String, Parcelable[])

Intent createLocalApprovalIntent()
Bundle getApplicationRestrictions()

Returns any available set of application-specific restrictions applicable to this application.

List<RestrictionEntry> getManifestRestrictions(String packageName)

Parse and return the list of restrictions defined in the manifest for the specified package, if any.

boolean hasRestrictionsProvider()

Called by an application to check if there is an active Restrictions Provider.

void notifyPermissionResponse(String packageName, PersistableBundle response)

Called by the Restrictions Provider to deliver a response to an application.

void requestPermission(String requestType, String requestId, PersistableBundle request)

Called by an application to request permission for an operation.

Inherited methods

From class java.lang.Object

Constants

ACTION_PERMISSION_RESPONSE_RECEIVED

added in API level 21
String ACTION_PERMISSION_RESPONSE_RECEIVED

Broadcast intent delivered when a response is received for a permission request. The application should not interrupt the user by coming to the foreground if it isn't currently in the foreground. It can either post a notification informing the user of the response or wait until the next time the user launches the app.

For instance, if the user requested permission to make an in-app purchase, the app can post a notification that the request had been approved or denied.

The broadcast Intent carries the following extra: EXTRA_RESPONSE_BUNDLE.

Constant Value: "android.content.action.PERMISSION_RESPONSE_RECEIVED"

ACTION_REQUEST_LOCAL_APPROVAL

added in API level 21
String ACTION_REQUEST_LOCAL_APPROVAL

Activity intent that is optionally implemented by the Restrictions Provider package to challenge for an administrator PIN or password locally on the device. Apps will call this intent using startActivityForResult(Intent, int). On a successful response, onActivityResult(int, int, Intent) will return a resultCode of RESULT_OK.

The intent must contain EXTRA_REQUEST_BUNDLE as an extra and the bundle must contain at least REQUEST_KEY_MESSAGE for the activity to display.

See also:

Constant Value: "android.content.action.REQUEST_LOCAL_APPROVAL"

ACTION_REQUEST_PERMISSION

added in API level 21
String ACTION_REQUEST_PERMISSION

Broadcast intent sent to the Restrictions Provider to handle a permission request from an app. It will have the following extras: EXTRA_PACKAGE_NAME, EXTRA_REQUEST_TYPE, EXTRA_REQUEST_ID and EXTRA_REQUEST_BUNDLE. The Restrictions Provider will handle the request and respond back to the RestrictionsManager, when a response is available, by calling notifyPermissionResponse(String, PersistableBundle).

The BroadcastReceiver must require the BIND_DEVICE_ADMIN permission to ensure that only the system can send the broadcast.

Constant Value: "android.content.action.REQUEST_PERMISSION"

EXTRA_PACKAGE_NAME

added in API level 21
String EXTRA_PACKAGE_NAME

The package name of the application making the request.

Type: String

Constant Value: "android.content.extra.PACKAGE_NAME"

EXTRA_REQUEST_BUNDLE

added in API level 21
String EXTRA_REQUEST_BUNDLE

The request bundle passed in the ACTION_REQUEST_PERMISSION broadcast.

Type: PersistableBundle

Constant Value: "android.content.extra.REQUEST_BUNDLE"

EXTRA_REQUEST_ID

added in API level 21
String EXTRA_REQUEST_ID

The request ID passed in the ACTION_REQUEST_PERMISSION broadcast.

Type: String

Constant Value: "android.content.extra.REQUEST_ID"

EXTRA_REQUEST_TYPE

added in API level 21
String EXTRA_REQUEST_TYPE

The request type passed in the ACTION_REQUEST_PERMISSION broadcast.

Type: String

Constant Value: "android.content.extra.REQUEST_TYPE"

EXTRA_RESPONSE_BUNDLE

added in API level 21
String EXTRA_RESPONSE_BUNDLE

Contains a response from the administrator for specific request. The bundle contains the following information, at least:

Type: PersistableBundle

Constant Value: "android.content.extra.RESPONSE_BUNDLE"

META_DATA_APP_RESTRICTIONS

added in API level 21
String META_DATA_APP_RESTRICTIONS

Name of the meta-data entry in the manifest that points to the XML file containing the application's available restrictions.

See also:

Constant Value: "android.content.APP_RESTRICTIONS"

REQUEST_KEY_APPROVE_LABEL

added in API level 21
String REQUEST_KEY_APPROVE_LABEL

Key for request approval button label contained in the request bundle.

Optional, may be shown as a label on the positive button in a dialog or notification presented to the administrator who approves the request.

Type: String

Constant Value: "android.request.approve_label"

REQUEST_KEY_DATA

added in API level 21
String REQUEST_KEY_DATA

Key for request data contained in the request bundle.

Optional, typically used to identify the specific data that is being referred to, such as the unique identifier for a movie or book. This is not used for display purposes and is more like a cookie. This value is returned in the EXTRA_RESPONSE_BUNDLE.

Type: String

Constant Value: "android.request.data"

REQUEST_KEY_DENY_LABEL

added in API level 21
String REQUEST_KEY_DENY_LABEL

Key for request rejection button label contained in the request bundle.

Optional, may be shown as a label on the negative button in a dialog or notification presented to the administrator who approves the request.

Type: String

Constant Value: "android.request.deny_label"

REQUEST_KEY_ICON

added in API level 21
String REQUEST_KEY_ICON

Key for request icon contained in the request bundle.

Optional, shown alongside the request message presented to the administrator who approves the request. The content must be a compressed image such as a PNG or JPEG, as a byte array.

Type: byte[]

Constant Value: "android.request.icon"

REQUEST_KEY_ID

added in API level 21
String REQUEST_KEY_ID

Key for request ID contained in the request bundle.

App-generated request ID to identify the specific request when receiving a response. This value is returned in the EXTRA_RESPONSE_BUNDLE.

Type: String

Constant Value: "android.request.id"

REQUEST_KEY_MESSAGE

added in API level 21
String REQUEST_KEY_MESSAGE

Key for request message contained in the request bundle.

Required, shown as the actual message in a notification or dialog presented to the administrator who approves the request.

Type: String

Constant Value: "android.request.mesg"

REQUEST_KEY_NEW_REQUEST

added in API level 21
String REQUEST_KEY_NEW_REQUEST

Key for issuing a new request, contained in the request bundle. If this is set to true, the Restrictions Provider must make a new request. If it is false or not specified, then the Restrictions Provider can return a cached response that has the same requestId, if available. If there's no cached response, it will issue a new one to the administrator.

Type: boolean

Constant Value: "android.request.new_request"

REQUEST_KEY_TITLE

added in API level 21
String REQUEST_KEY_TITLE

Key for request title contained in the request bundle.

Optional, typically used as the title of any notification or dialog presented to the administrator who approves the request.

Type: String

Constant Value: "android.request.title"

REQUEST_TYPE_APPROVAL

added in API level 21
String REQUEST_TYPE_APPROVAL

Request type for a simple question, with a possible title and icon.

Required keys are: REQUEST_KEY_MESSAGE

Optional keys are REQUEST_KEY_DATA, REQUEST_KEY_ICON, REQUEST_KEY_TITLE, REQUEST_KEY_APPROVE_LABEL and REQUEST_KEY_DENY_LABEL.

Constant Value: "android.request.type.approval"

RESPONSE_KEY_ERROR_CODE

added in API level 21
String RESPONSE_KEY_ERROR_CODE

Key for the optional error code in the response bundle sent to the application.

Type: int

Possible values: RESULT_ERROR_BAD_REQUEST, RESULT_ERROR_NETWORK or RESULT_ERROR_INTERNAL.

Constant Value: "android.response.errorcode"

RESPONSE_KEY_MESSAGE

added in API level 21
String RESPONSE_KEY_MESSAGE

Key for the optional message in the response bundle sent to the application.

Type: String

Constant Value: "android.response.msg"

RESPONSE_KEY_RESPONSE_TIMESTAMP

added in API level 21
String RESPONSE_KEY_RESPONSE_TIMESTAMP

Key for the optional timestamp of when the administrator responded to the permission request. It is an represented in milliseconds since January 1, 1970 00:00:00.0 UTC.

Type: long

Constant Value: "android.response.timestamp"

RESPONSE_KEY_RESULT

added in API level 21
String RESPONSE_KEY_RESULT

Key for the response result in the response bundle sent to the application, for a permission request. It indicates the status of the request. In some cases an additional message might be available in RESPONSE_KEY_MESSAGE, to be displayed to the user.

Type: int

Possible values: RESULT_APPROVED, RESULT_DENIED, RESULT_NO_RESPONSE, RESULT_UNKNOWN_REQUEST or RESULT_ERROR.

Constant Value: "android.response.result"

RESULT_APPROVED

added in API level 21
int RESULT_APPROVED

Response result value indicating that the request was approved.

Constant Value: 1 (0x00000001)

RESULT_DENIED

added in API level 21
int RESULT_DENIED

Response result value indicating that the request was denied.

Constant Value: 2 (0x00000002)

RESULT_ERROR

added in API level 21
int RESULT_ERROR

Response result value indicating an error condition. Additional error code might be available in the response bundle, for the key RESPONSE_KEY_ERROR_CODE. There might also be an associated error message in the response bundle, for the key RESPONSE_KEY_MESSAGE.

Constant Value: 5 (0x00000005)

RESULT_ERROR_BAD_REQUEST

added in API level 21
int RESULT_ERROR_BAD_REQUEST

Error code indicating that there was a problem with the request.

Stored in RESPONSE_KEY_ERROR_CODE field in the response bundle.

Constant Value: 1 (0x00000001)

RESULT_ERROR_INTERNAL

added in API level 21
int RESULT_ERROR_INTERNAL

Error code indicating that there was an internal error.

Stored in RESPONSE_KEY_ERROR_CODE field in the response bundle.

Constant Value: 3 (0x00000003)

RESULT_ERROR_NETWORK

added in API level 21
int RESULT_ERROR_NETWORK

Error code indicating that there was a problem with the network.

Stored in RESPONSE_KEY_ERROR_CODE field in the response bundle.

Constant Value: 2 (0x00000002)

RESULT_NO_RESPONSE

added in API level 21
int RESULT_NO_RESPONSE

Response result value indicating that the request has not received a response yet.

Constant Value: 3 (0x00000003)

RESULT_UNKNOWN_REQUEST

added in API level 21
int RESULT_UNKNOWN_REQUEST

Response result value indicating that the request is unknown, when it's not a new request.

Constant Value: 4 (0x00000004)

Public methods

convertRestrictionsToBundle

added in API level 23
Bundle convertRestrictionsToBundle (List<RestrictionEntry> entries)

Converts a list of restrictions to the corresponding bundle, using the following mapping:

RestrictionEntryBundle
TYPE_BOOLEANputBoolean(String, boolean)
TYPE_CHOICE, TYPE_MULTI_SELECT putStringArray(String, String[])
TYPE_INTEGERputInt(String, int)
TYPE_STRINGputString(String, String)
TYPE_BUNDLEputBundle(String, Bundle)
TYPE_BUNDLE_ARRAY putParcelableArray(String, Parcelable[])

Parameters
entries List: list of restrictions
Returns
Bundle

createLocalApprovalIntent

added in API level 21
Intent createLocalApprovalIntent ()

Returns
Intent

getApplicationRestrictions

added in API level 21
Bundle getApplicationRestrictions ()

Returns any available set of application-specific restrictions applicable to this application.

Returns
Bundle the application restrictions as a Bundle. Returns null if there are no restrictions.

getManifestRestrictions

added in API level 21
List<RestrictionEntry> getManifestRestrictions (String packageName)

Parse and return the list of restrictions defined in the manifest for the specified package, if any.

Parameters
packageName String: The application for which to fetch the restrictions list.
Returns
List<RestrictionEntry> The list of RestrictionEntry objects created from the XML file specified in the manifest, or null if none was specified.

hasRestrictionsProvider

added in API level 21
boolean hasRestrictionsProvider ()

Called by an application to check if there is an active Restrictions Provider. If there isn't, requestPermission(String, String, PersistableBundle) is not available.

Returns
boolean whether there is an active Restrictions Provider.

notifyPermissionResponse

added in API level 21
void notifyPermissionResponse (String packageName, 
                PersistableBundle response)

Called by the Restrictions Provider to deliver a response to an application.

Parameters
packageName String: the application to deliver the response to. Cannot be null.
response PersistableBundle: the bundle containing the response status, request ID and other information. Cannot be null.
Throws
IllegalArgumentException if any of the required parameters are missing.

requestPermission

added in API level 21
void requestPermission (String requestType, 
                String requestId, 
                PersistableBundle request)

Called by an application to request permission for an operation. The contents of the request are passed in a Bundle that contains several pieces of data depending on the chosen request type.

Parameters
requestType String: The type of request. The type could be one of the predefined types specified here or a custom type that the specific Restrictions Provider might understand. For custom types, the type name should be namespaced to avoid collisions with predefined types and types specified by other Restrictions Providers.
requestId String: A unique id generated by the app that contains sufficient information to identify the parameters of the request when it receives the id in the response.
request PersistableBundle: A PersistableBundle containing the data corresponding to the specified request type. The keys for the data in the bundle depend on the request type.
Throws
IllegalArgumentException if any of the required parameters are missing.
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