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Map

public interface Map

java.util.Map<K, V>
Known Indirect Subclasses


An object that maps keys to values. A map cannot contain duplicate keys; each key can map to at most one value.

This interface takes the place of the Dictionary class, which was a totally abstract class rather than an interface.

The Map interface provides three collection views, which allow a map's contents to be viewed as a set of keys, collection of values, or set of key-value mappings. The order of a map is defined as the order in which the iterators on the map's collection views return their elements. Some map implementations, like the TreeMap class, make specific guarantees as to their order; others, like the HashMap class, do not.

Note: great care must be exercised if mutable objects are used as map keys. The behavior of a map is not specified if the value of an object is changed in a manner that affects equals comparisons while the object is a key in the map. A special case of this prohibition is that it is not permissible for a map to contain itself as a key. While it is permissible for a map to contain itself as a value, extreme caution is advised: the equals and hashCode methods are no longer well defined on such a map.

All general-purpose map implementation classes should provide two "standard" constructors: a void (no arguments) constructor which creates an empty map, and a constructor with a single argument of type Map, which creates a new map with the same key-value mappings as its argument. In effect, the latter constructor allows the user to copy any map, producing an equivalent map of the desired class. There is no way to enforce this recommendation (as interfaces cannot contain constructors) but all of the general-purpose map implementations in the JDK comply.

The "destructive" methods contained in this interface, that is, the methods that modify the map on which they operate, are specified to throw UnsupportedOperationException if this map does not support the operation. If this is the case, these methods may, but are not required to, throw an UnsupportedOperationException if the invocation would have no effect on the map. For example, invoking the putAll(Map) method on an unmodifiable map may, but is not required to, throw the exception if the map whose mappings are to be "superimposed" is empty.

Some map implementations have restrictions on the keys and values they may contain. For example, some implementations prohibit null keys and values, and some have restrictions on the types of their keys. Attempting to insert an ineligible key or value throws an unchecked exception, typically NullPointerException or ClassCastException. Attempting to query the presence of an ineligible key or value may throw an exception, or it may simply return false; some implementations will exhibit the former behavior and some will exhibit the latter. More generally, attempting an operation on an ineligible key or value whose completion would not result in the insertion of an ineligible element into the map may throw an exception or it may succeed, at the option of the implementation. Such exceptions are marked as "optional" in the specification for this interface.

Many methods in Collections Framework interfaces are defined in terms of the equals method. For example, the specification for the containsKey(Object key) method says: "returns true if and only if this map contains a mapping for a key k such that (key==null ? k==null : key.equals(k))." This specification should not be construed to imply that invoking Map.containsKey with a non-null argument key will cause key.equals(k) to be invoked for any key k. Implementations are free to implement optimizations whereby the equals invocation is avoided, for example, by first comparing the hash codes of the two keys. (The hashCode() specification guarantees that two objects with unequal hash codes cannot be equal.) More generally, implementations of the various Collections Framework interfaces are free to take advantage of the specified behavior of underlying Object methods wherever the implementor deems it appropriate.

Some map operations which perform recursive traversal of the map may fail with an exception for self-referential instances where the map directly or indirectly contains itself. This includes the clone(), equals(), hashCode() and toString() methods. Implementations may optionally handle the self-referential scenario, however most current implementations do not do so.

See also:

Summary

Nested classes

interface Map.Entry<K, V>

A map entry (key-value pair). 

Public methods

abstract void clear()

Removes all of the mappings from this map (optional operation).

default V compute(K key, BiFunction<? super K, ? super V, ? extends V> remappingFunction)

Attempts to compute a mapping for the specified key and its current mapped value (or null if there is no current mapping).

default V computeIfAbsent(K key, Function<? super K, ? extends V> mappingFunction)

If the specified key is not already associated with a value (or is mapped to null), attempts to compute its value using the given mapping function and enters it into this map unless null.

default V computeIfPresent(K key, BiFunction<? super K, ? super V, ? extends V> remappingFunction)

If the value for the specified key is present and non-null, attempts to compute a new mapping given the key and its current mapped value.

abstract boolean containsKey(Object key)

Returns true if this map contains a mapping for the specified key.

abstract boolean containsValue(Object value)

Returns true if this map maps one or more keys to the specified value.

abstract Set<Entry<K, V>> entrySet()

Returns a Set view of the mappings contained in this map.

abstract boolean equals(Object o)

Compares the specified object with this map for equality.

default void forEach(BiConsumer<? super K, ? super V> action)

Performs the given action for each entry in this map until all entries have been processed or the action throws an exception.

abstract V get(Object key)

Returns the value to which the specified key is mapped, or null if this map contains no mapping for the key.

default V getOrDefault(Object key, V defaultValue)

Returns the value to which the specified key is mapped, or defaultValue if this map contains no mapping for the key.

abstract int hashCode()

Returns the hash code value for this map.

abstract boolean isEmpty()

Returns true if this map contains no key-value mappings.

abstract Set<K> keySet()

Returns a Set view of the keys contained in this map.

default V merge(K key, V value, BiFunction<? super V, ? super V, ? extends V> remappingFunction)

If the specified key is not already associated with a value or is associated with null, associates it with the given non-null value.

abstract V put(K key, V value)

Associates the specified value with the specified key in this map (optional operation).

abstract void putAll(Map<? extends K, ? extends V> m)

Copies all of the mappings from the specified map to this map (optional operation).

default V putIfAbsent(K key, V value)

If the specified key is not already associated with a value (or is mapped to null) associates it with the given value and returns null, else returns the current value.

default boolean remove(Object key, Object value)

Removes the entry for the specified key only if it is currently mapped to the specified value.

abstract V remove(Object key)

Removes the mapping for a key from this map if it is present (optional operation).

default boolean replace(K key, V oldValue, V newValue)

Replaces the entry for the specified key only if currently mapped to the specified value.

default V replace(K key, V value)

Replaces the entry for the specified key only if it is currently mapped to some value.

default void replaceAll(BiFunction<? super K, ? super V, ? extends V> function)

Replaces each entry's value with the result of invoking the given function on that entry until all entries have been processed or the function throws an exception.

abstract int size()

Returns the number of key-value mappings in this map.

abstract Collection<V> values()

Returns a Collection view of the values contained in this map.

Public methods

clear

Added in API level 1
void clear ()

Removes all of the mappings from this map (optional operation). The map will be empty after this call returns.

Throws
UnsupportedOperationException if the clear operation is not supported by this map

compute

Added in API level 24
V compute (K key, 
                BiFunction<? super K, ? super V, ? extends V> remappingFunction)

Attempts to compute a mapping for the specified key and its current mapped value (or null if there is no current mapping). For example, to either create or append a String msg to a value mapping:

 map.compute(key, (k, v) -> (v == null) ? msg : v.concat(msg))
(Method merge() is often simpler to use for such purposes.)

If the remapping function returns null, the mapping is removed (or remains absent if initially absent). If the remapping function itself throws an (unchecked) exception, the exception is rethrown, and the current mapping is left unchanged.

The remapping function should not modify this map during computation.

Implementation Requirements:
  • The default implementation is equivalent to performing the following steps for this map, then returning the current value or null if absent:
     V oldValue = map.get(key);
     V newValue = remappingFunction.apply(key, oldValue);
     if (oldValue != null) {
        if (newValue != null)
           map.put(key, newValue);
        else
           map.remove(key);
     } else {
        if (newValue != null)
           map.put(key, newValue);
        else
           return null;
     }
     

    The default implementation makes no guarantees about detecting if the remapping function modifies this map during computation and, if appropriate, reporting an error. Non-concurrent implementations should override this method and, on a best-effort basis, throw a ConcurrentModificationException if it is detected that the remapping function modifies this map during computation. Concurrent implementations should override this method and, on a best-effort basis, throw an IllegalStateException if it is detected that the remapping function modifies this map during computation and as a result computation would never complete.

    The default implementation makes no guarantees about synchronization or atomicity properties of this method. Any implementation providing atomicity guarantees must override this method and document its concurrency properties. In particular, all implementations of subinterface ConcurrentMap must document whether the remapping function is applied once atomically only if the value is not present.

Parameters
key K: key with which the specified value is to be associated
remappingFunction BiFunction: the remapping function to compute a value
Returns
V the new value associated with the specified key, or null if none
Throws
NullPointerException if the specified key is null and this map does not support null keys, or the remappingFunction is null
UnsupportedOperationException if the put operation is not supported by this map (optional)
ClassCastException if the class of the specified key or value prevents it from being stored in this map (optional)
IllegalArgumentException if some property of the specified key or value prevents it from being stored in this map (optional)

computeIfAbsent

Added in API level 24
V computeIfAbsent (K key, 
                Function<? super K, ? extends V> mappingFunction)

If the specified key is not already associated with a value (or is mapped to null), attempts to compute its value using the given mapping function and enters it into this map unless null.

If the mapping function returns null, no mapping is recorded. If the mapping function itself throws an (unchecked) exception, the exception is rethrown, and no mapping is recorded. The most common usage is to construct a new object serving as an initial mapped value or memoized result, as in:

 map.computeIfAbsent(key, k -> new Value(f(k)));
 

Or to implement a multi-value map, Map<K,Collection<V>>, supporting multiple values per key:

 map.computeIfAbsent(key, k -> new HashSet<V>()).add(v);
 

The mapping function should not modify this map during computation.

Implementation Requirements:
  • The default implementation is equivalent to the following steps for this map, then returning the current value or null if now absent:
     if (map.get(key) == null) {
         V newValue = mappingFunction.apply(key);
         if (newValue != null)
             map.put(key, newValue);
     }
     

    The default implementation makes no guarantees about detecting if the mapping function modifies this map during computation and, if appropriate, reporting an error. Non-concurrent implementations should override this method and, on a best-effort basis, throw a ConcurrentModificationException if it is detected that the mapping function modifies this map during computation. Concurrent implementations should override this method and, on a best-effort basis, throw an IllegalStateException if it is detected that the mapping function modifies this map during computation and as a result computation would never complete.

    The default implementation makes no guarantees about synchronization or atomicity properties of this method. Any implementation providing atomicity guarantees must override this method and document its concurrency properties. In particular, all implementations of subinterface ConcurrentMap must document whether the mapping function is applied once atomically only if the value is not present.

Parameters
key K: key with which the specified value is to be associated
mappingFunction Function: the mapping function to compute a value
Returns
V the current (existing or computed) value associated with the specified key, or null if the computed value is null
Throws
NullPointerException if the specified key is null and this map does not support null keys, or the mappingFunction is null
UnsupportedOperationException if the put operation is not supported by this map (optional)
ClassCastException if the class of the specified key or value prevents it from being stored in this map (optional)
IllegalArgumentException if some property of the specified key or value prevents it from being stored in this map (optional)

computeIfPresent

Added in API level 24
V computeIfPresent (K key, 
                BiFunction<? super K, ? super V, ? extends V> remappingFunction)

If the value for the specified key is present and non-null, attempts to compute a new mapping given the key and its current mapped value.

If the remapping function returns null, the mapping is removed. If the remapping function itself throws an (unchecked) exception, the exception is rethrown, and the current mapping is left unchanged.

The remapping function should not modify this map during computation.

Implementation Requirements:
  • The default implementation is equivalent to performing the following steps for this map, then returning the current value or null if now absent:
     if (map.get(key) != null) {
         V oldValue = map.get(key);
         V newValue = remappingFunction.apply(key, oldValue);
         if (newValue != null)
             map.put(key, newValue);
         else
             map.remove(key);
     }
     

    The default implementation makes no guarantees about detecting if the remapping function modifies this map during computation and, if appropriate, reporting an error. Non-concurrent implementations should override this method and, on a best-effort basis, throw a ConcurrentModificationException if it is detected that the remapping function modifies this map during computation. Concurrent implementations should override this method and, on a best-effort basis, throw an IllegalStateException if it is detected that the remapping function modifies this map during computation and as a result computation would never complete.

    The default implementation makes no guarantees about synchronization or atomicity properties of this method. Any implementation providing atomicity guarantees must override this method and document its concurrency properties. In particular, all implementations of subinterface ConcurrentMap must document whether the remapping function is applied once atomically only if the value is not present.

Parameters
key K: key with which the specified value is to be associated
remappingFunction BiFunction: the remapping function to compute a value
Returns
V the new value associated with the specified key, or null if none
Throws
NullPointerException if the specified key is null and this map does not support null keys, or the remappingFunction is null
UnsupportedOperationException if the put operation is not supported by this map (optional)
ClassCastException if the class of the specified key or value prevents it from being stored in this map (optional)
IllegalArgumentException if some property of the specified key or value prevents it from being stored in this map (optional)

containsKey

Added in API level 1
boolean containsKey (Object key)

Returns true if this map contains a mapping for the specified key. More formally, returns true if and only if this map contains a mapping for a key k such that Objects.equals(key, k). (There can be at most one such mapping.)

Parameters
key Object: key whose presence in this map is to be tested
Returns
boolean true if this map contains a mapping for the specified key
Throws
ClassCastException if the key is of an inappropriate type for this map (optional)
NullPointerException if the specified key is null and this map does not permit null keys (optional)

containsValue

Added in API level 1
boolean containsValue (Object value)

Returns true if this map maps one or more keys to the specified value. More formally, returns true if and only if this map contains at least one mapping to a value v such that Objects.equals(value, v). This operation will probably require time linear in the map size for most implementations of the Map interface.

Parameters
value Object: value whose presence in this map is to be tested
Returns
boolean true if this map maps one or more keys to the specified value
Throws
ClassCastException if the value is of an inappropriate type for this map (optional)
NullPointerException if the specified value is null and this map does not permit null values (optional)

entrySet

Added in API level 1
Set<Entry<K, V>> entrySet ()

Returns a Set view of the mappings contained in this map. The set is backed by the map, so changes to the map are reflected in the set, and vice-versa. If the map is modified while an iteration over the set is in progress (except through the iterator's own remove operation, or through the setValue operation on a map entry returned by the iterator) the results of the iteration are undefined. The set supports element removal, which removes the corresponding mapping from the map, via the Iterator.remove, Set.remove, removeAll, retainAll and clear operations. It does not support the add or addAll operations.

Returns
Set<Entry<K, V>> a set view of the mappings contained in this map

equals

Added in API level 1
boolean equals (Object o)

Compares the specified object with this map for equality. Returns true if the given object is also a map and the two maps represent the same mappings. More formally, two maps m1 and m2 represent the same mappings if m1.entrySet().equals(m2.entrySet()). This ensures that the equals method works properly across different implementations of the Map interface.

Parameters
o Object: object to be compared for equality with this map
Returns
boolean true if the specified object is equal to this map

forEach

Added in API level 24
void forEach (BiConsumer<? super K, ? super V> action)

Performs the given action for each entry in this map until all entries have been processed or the action throws an exception. Unless otherwise specified by the implementing class, actions are performed in the order of entry set iteration (if an iteration order is specified.) Exceptions thrown by the action are relayed to the caller.

Implementation Requirements:
  • The default implementation is equivalent to, for this map:
     for (Map.Entry<K, V> entry : map.entrySet())
         action.accept(entry.getKey(), entry.getValue());
     
    The default implementation makes no guarantees about synchronization or atomicity properties of this method. Any implementation providing atomicity guarantees must override this method and document its concurrency properties.
Parameters
action BiConsumer: The action to be performed for each entry
Throws
NullPointerException if the specified action is null
ConcurrentModificationException if an entry is found to be removed during iteration

get

Added in API level 1
V get (Object key)

Returns the value to which the specified key is mapped, or null if this map contains no mapping for the key.

More formally, if this map contains a mapping from a key k to a value v such that Objects.equals(key, k), then this method returns v; otherwise it returns null. (There can be at most one such mapping.)

If this map permits null values, then a return value of null does not necessarily indicate that the map contains no mapping for the key; it's also possible that the map explicitly maps the key to null. The containsKey operation may be used to distinguish these two cases.

Parameters
key Object: the key whose associated value is to be returned
Returns
V the value to which the specified key is mapped, or null if this map contains no mapping for the key
Throws
ClassCastException if the key is of an inappropriate type for this map (optional)
NullPointerException if the specified key is null and this map does not permit null keys (optional)

getOrDefault

Added in API level 24
V getOrDefault (Object key, 
                V defaultValue)

Returns the value to which the specified key is mapped, or defaultValue if this map contains no mapping for the key.

Implementation Requirements:
  • The default implementation makes no guarantees about synchronization or atomicity properties of this method. Any implementation providing atomicity guarantees must override this method and document its concurrency properties.
Parameters
key Object: the key whose associated value is to be returned
defaultValue V: the default mapping of the key
Returns
V the value to which the specified key is mapped, or defaultValue if this map contains no mapping for the key
Throws
ClassCastException if the key is of an inappropriate type for this map (optional)
NullPointerException if the specified key is null and this map does not permit null keys (optional)

hashCode

Added in API level 1
int hashCode ()

Returns the hash code value for this map. The hash code of a map is defined to be the sum of the hash codes of each entry in the map's entrySet() view. This ensures that m1.equals(m2) implies that m1.hashCode()==m2.hashCode() for any two maps m1 and m2, as required by the general contract of hashCode().

Returns
int the hash code value for this map

See also:

isEmpty

Added in API level 1
boolean isEmpty ()

Returns true if this map contains no key-value mappings.

Returns
boolean true if this map contains no key-value mappings

keySet

Added in API level 1
Set<K> keySet ()

Returns a Set view of the keys contained in this map. The set is backed by the map, so changes to the map are reflected in the set, and vice-versa. If the map is modified while an iteration over the set is in progress (except through the iterator's own remove operation), the results of the iteration are undefined. The set supports element removal, which removes the corresponding mapping from the map, via the Iterator.remove, Set.remove, removeAll, retainAll, and clear operations. It does not support the add or addAll operations.

Returns
Set<K> a set view of the keys contained in this map

merge

Added in API level 24
V merge (K key, 
                V value, 
                BiFunction<? super V, ? super V, ? extends V> remappingFunction)

If the specified key is not already associated with a value or is associated with null, associates it with the given non-null value. Otherwise, replaces the associated value with the results of the given remapping function, or removes if the result is null. This method may be of use when combining multiple mapped values for a key. For example, to either create or append a String msg to a value mapping:

 map.merge(key, msg, String::concat)
 

If the remapping function returns null, the mapping is removed. If the remapping function itself throws an (unchecked) exception, the exception is rethrown, and the current mapping is left unchanged.

The remapping function should not modify this map during computation.

Implementation Requirements:
  • The default implementation is equivalent to performing the following steps for this map, then returning the current value or null if absent:
     V oldValue = map.get(key);
     V newValue = (oldValue == null) ? value :
                  remappingFunction.apply(oldValue, value);
     if (newValue == null)
         map.remove(key);
     else
         map.put(key, newValue);
     

    The default implementation makes no guarantees about detecting if the remapping function modifies this map during computation and, if appropriate, reporting an error. Non-concurrent implementations should override this method and, on a best-effort basis, throw a ConcurrentModificationException if it is detected that the remapping function modifies this map during computation. Concurrent implementations should override this method and, on a best-effort basis, throw an IllegalStateException if it is detected that the remapping function modifies this map during computation and as a result computation would never complete.

    The default implementation makes no guarantees about synchronization or atomicity properties of this method. Any implementation providing atomicity guarantees must override this method and document its concurrency properties. In particular, all implementations of subinterface ConcurrentMap must document whether the remapping function is applied once atomically only if the value is not present.

Parameters
key K: key with which the resulting value is to be associated
value V: the non-null value to be merged with the existing value associated with the key or, if no existing value or a null value is associated with the key, to be associated with the key
remappingFunction BiFunction: the remapping function to recompute a value if present
Returns
V the new value associated with the specified key, or null if no value is associated with the key
Throws
UnsupportedOperationException if the put operation is not supported by this map (optional)
ClassCastException if the class of the specified key or value prevents it from being stored in this map (optional)
IllegalArgumentException if some property of the specified key or value prevents it from being stored in this map (optional)
NullPointerException if the specified key is null and this map does not support null keys or the value or remappingFunction is null

put

Added in API level 1
V put (K key, 
                V value)

Associates the specified value with the specified key in this map (optional operation). If the map previously contained a mapping for the key, the old value is replaced by the specified value. (A map m is said to contain a mapping for a key k if and only if m.containsKey(k) would return true.)

Parameters
key K: key with which the specified value is to be associated
value V: value to be associated with the specified key
Returns
V the previous value associated with key, or null if there was no mapping for key. (A null return can also indicate that the map previously associated null with key, if the implementation supports null values.)
Throws
UnsupportedOperationException if the put operation is not supported by this map
ClassCastException if the class of the specified key or value prevents it from being stored in this map
NullPointerException if the specified key or value is null and this map does not permit null keys or values
IllegalArgumentException if some property of the specified key or value prevents it from being stored in this map

putAll

Added in API level 1
void putAll (Map<? extends K, ? extends V> m)

Copies all of the mappings from the specified map to this map (optional operation). The effect of this call is equivalent to that of calling put(k, v) on this map once for each mapping from key k to value v in the specified map. The behavior of this operation is undefined if the specified map is modified while the operation is in progress.

Parameters
m Map: mappings to be stored in this map
Throws
UnsupportedOperationException if the putAll operation is not supported by this map
ClassCastException if the class of a key or value in the specified map prevents it from being stored in this map
NullPointerException if the specified map is null, or if this map does not permit null keys or values, and the specified map contains null keys or values
IllegalArgumentException if some property of a key or value in the specified map prevents it from being stored in this map

putIfAbsent

Added in API level 24
V putIfAbsent (K key, 
                V value)

If the specified key is not already associated with a value (or is mapped to null) associates it with the given value and returns null, else returns the current value.

Implementation Requirements:
  • The default implementation is equivalent to, for this map:
     V v = map.get(key);
     if (v == null)
         v = map.put(key, value);
    
     return v;
     

    The default implementation makes no guarantees about synchronization or atomicity properties of this method. Any implementation providing atomicity guarantees must override this method and document its concurrency properties.

Parameters
key K: key with which the specified value is to be associated
value V: value to be associated with the specified key
Returns
V the previous value associated with the specified key, or null if there was no mapping for the key. (A null return can also indicate that the map previously associated null with the key, if the implementation supports null values.)
Throws
UnsupportedOperationException if the put operation is not supported by this map (optional)
ClassCastException if the key or value is of an inappropriate type for this map (optional)
NullPointerException if the specified key or value is null, and this map does not permit null keys or values (optional)
IllegalArgumentException if some property of the specified key or value prevents it from being stored in this map (optional)

remove

Added in API level 24
boolean remove (Object key, 
                Object value)

Removes the entry for the specified key only if it is currently mapped to the specified value.

Implementation Requirements:
  • The default implementation is equivalent to, for this map:
     if (map.containsKey(key) && Objects.equals(map.get(key), value)) {
         map.remove(key);
         return true;
     } else
         return false;
     

    The default implementation makes no guarantees about synchronization or atomicity properties of this method. Any implementation providing atomicity guarantees must override this method and document its concurrency properties.

Parameters
key Object: key with which the specified value is associated
value Object: value expected to be associated with the specified key
Returns
boolean true if the value was removed
Throws
UnsupportedOperationException if the remove operation is not supported by this map (optional)
ClassCastException if the key or value is of an inappropriate type for this map (optional)
NullPointerException if the specified key or value is null, and this map does not permit null keys or values (optional)

remove

Added in API level 1
V remove (Object key)

Removes the mapping for a key from this map if it is present (optional operation). More formally, if this map contains a mapping from key k to value v such that Objects.equals(key, k), that mapping is removed. (The map can contain at most one such mapping.)

Returns the value to which this map previously associated the key, or null if the map contained no mapping for the key.

If this map permits null values, then a return value of null does not necessarily indicate that the map contained no mapping for the key; it's also possible that the map explicitly mapped the key to null.

The map will not contain a mapping for the specified key once the call returns.

Parameters
key Object: key whose mapping is to be removed from the map
Returns
V the previous value associated with key, or null if there was no mapping for key.
Throws
UnsupportedOperationException if the remove operation is not supported by this map
ClassCastException if the key is of an inappropriate type for this map (optional)
NullPointerException if the specified key is null and this map does not permit null keys (optional)

replace

Added in API level 24
boolean replace (K key, 
                V oldValue, 
                V newValue)

Replaces the entry for the specified key only if currently mapped to the specified value.

Implementation Requirements:
  • The default implementation is equivalent to, for this map:
     if (map.containsKey(key) && Objects.equals(map.get(key), value)) {
         map.put(key, newValue);
         return true;
     } else
         return false;
     
    The default implementation does not throw NullPointerException for maps that do not support null values if oldValue is null unless newValue is also null.

    The default implementation makes no guarantees about synchronization or atomicity properties of this method. Any implementation providing atomicity guarantees must override this method and document its concurrency properties.

Parameters
key K: key with which the specified value is associated
oldValue V: value expected to be associated with the specified key
newValue V: value to be associated with the specified key
Returns
boolean true if the value was replaced
Throws
UnsupportedOperationException if the put operation is not supported by this map (optional)
ClassCastException if the class of a specified key or value prevents it from being stored in this map
NullPointerException if a specified key or newValue is null, and this map does not permit null keys or values
NullPointerException if oldValue is null and this map does not permit null values (optional)
IllegalArgumentException if some property of a specified key or value prevents it from being stored in this map

replace

Added in API level 24
V replace (K key, 
                V value)

Replaces the entry for the specified key only if it is currently mapped to some value.

Implementation Requirements:
  • The default implementation is equivalent to, for this map:
     if (map.containsKey(key)) {
         return map.put(key, value);
     } else
         return null;
     

    The default implementation makes no guarantees about synchronization or atomicity properties of this method. Any implementation providing atomicity guarantees must override this method and document its concurrency properties.

Parameters
key K: key with which the specified value is associated
value V: value to be associated with the specified key
Returns
V the previous value associated with the specified key, or null if there was no mapping for the key. (A null return can also indicate that the map previously associated null with the key, if the implementation supports null values.)
Throws
UnsupportedOperationException if the put operation is not supported by this map (optional)
ClassCastException if the class of the specified key or value prevents it from being stored in this map (optional)
NullPointerException if the specified key or value is null, and this map does not permit null keys or values
IllegalArgumentException if some property of the specified key or value prevents it from being stored in this map

replaceAll

Added in API level 24
void replaceAll (BiFunction<? super K, ? super V, ? extends V> function)

Replaces each entry's value with the result of invoking the given function on that entry until all entries have been processed or the function throws an exception. Exceptions thrown by the function are relayed to the caller.

Implementation Requirements:
  • The default implementation is equivalent to, for this map:

     for (Map.Entry<K, V> entry : map.entrySet())
         entry.setValue(function.apply(entry.getKey(), entry.getValue()));
     

    The default implementation makes no guarantees about synchronization or atomicity properties of this method. Any implementation providing atomicity guarantees must override this method and document its concurrency properties.

Parameters
function BiFunction: the function to apply to each entry
Throws
UnsupportedOperationException if the set operation is not supported by this map's entry set iterator.
ClassCastException if the class of a replacement value prevents it from being stored in this map
NullPointerException if the specified function is null, or the specified replacement value is null, and this map does not permit null values
ClassCastException if a replacement value is of an inappropriate type for this map (optional)
NullPointerException if function or a replacement value is null, and this map does not permit null keys or values (optional)
IllegalArgumentException if some property of a replacement value prevents it from being stored in this map (optional)
ConcurrentModificationException if an entry is found to be removed during iteration

size

Added in API level 1
int size ()

Returns the number of key-value mappings in this map. If the map contains more than Integer.MAX_VALUE elements, returns Integer.MAX_VALUE.

Returns
int the number of key-value mappings in this map

values

Added in API level 1
Collection<V> values ()

Returns a Collection view of the values contained in this map. The collection is backed by the map, so changes to the map are reflected in the collection, and vice-versa. If the map is modified while an iteration over the collection is in progress (except through the iterator's own remove operation), the results of the iteration are undefined. The collection supports element removal, which removes the corresponding mapping from the map, via the Iterator.remove, Collection.remove, removeAll, retainAll and clear operations. It does not support the add or addAll operations.

Returns
Collection<V> a collection view of the values contained in this map
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