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UrlQuerySanitizer

public class UrlQuerySanitizer
extends Object

java.lang.Object
   ↳ android.net.UrlQuerySanitizer


Sanitizes the Query portion of a URL. Simple example: UrlQuerySanitizer sanitizer = new UrlQuerySanitizer(); sanitizer.setAllowUnregisteredParamaters(true); sanitizer.parseUrl("http://example.com/?name=Joe+User"); String name = sanitizer.getValue("name")); // name now contains "Joe_User" Register ValueSanitizers to customize the way individual parameters are sanitized: UrlQuerySanitizer sanitizer = new UrlQuerySanitizer(); sanitizer.registerParamater("name", UrlQuerySanitizer.createSpaceLegal()); sanitizer.parseUrl("http://example.com/?name=Joe+User"); String name = sanitizer.getValue("name")); // name now contains "Joe User". (The string is first decoded, which // converts the '+' to a ' '. Then the string is sanitized, which // converts the ' ' to an '_'. (The ' ' is converted because the default unregistered parameter sanitizer does not allow any special characters, and ' ' is a special character.) There are several ways to create ValueSanitizers. In order of increasing sophistication:

  1. Call one of the UrlQuerySanitizer.createXXX() methods.
  2. Construct your own instance of UrlQuerySanitizer.IllegalCharacterValueSanitizer.
  3. Subclass UrlQuerySanitizer.ValueSanitizer to define your own value sanitizer.

Summary

Nested classes

class UrlQuerySanitizer.IllegalCharacterValueSanitizer

Sanitize values based on which characters they contain. 

class UrlQuerySanitizer.ParameterValuePair

A simple tuple that holds parameter-value pairs. 

interface UrlQuerySanitizer.ValueSanitizer

A functor used to sanitize a single query value. 

Public constructors

UrlQuerySanitizer()

Constructs a UrlQuerySanitizer.

UrlQuerySanitizer(String url)

Constructs a UrlQuerySanitizer and parse a URL.

Public methods

static final UrlQuerySanitizer.ValueSanitizer getAllButNulAndAngleBracketsLegal()

Return a value sanitizer that allows any special characters except angle brackets ('<' and '>') and Nul ('\0').

static final UrlQuerySanitizer.ValueSanitizer getAllButNulLegal()

Return a value sanitizer that allows everything except Nul ('\0') characters.

static final UrlQuerySanitizer.ValueSanitizer getAllButWhitespaceLegal()

Return a value sanitizer that allows everything except Nul ('\0') characters, space (' '), and other whitespace characters.

static final UrlQuerySanitizer.ValueSanitizer getAllIllegal()

Return a value sanitizer that does not allow any special characters, and also does not allow script URLs.

boolean getAllowUnregisteredParamaters()

Get whether or not unregistered parameters are allowed.

static final UrlQuerySanitizer.ValueSanitizer getAmpAndSpaceLegal()

Return a value sanitizer that does not allow any special characters except ampersand ('&') and space (' ').

static final UrlQuerySanitizer.ValueSanitizer getAmpLegal()

Return a value sanitizer that does not allow any special characters except ampersand ('&').

UrlQuerySanitizer.ValueSanitizer getEffectiveValueSanitizer(String parameter)

Get the effective value sanitizer for a parameter.

List<UrlQuerySanitizer.ParameterValuePair> getParameterList()

An array list of all of the parameter value pairs in the sanitized query, in the order they appeared in the query.

Set<String> getParameterSet()

Get a set of all of the parameters found in the sanitized query.

boolean getPreferFirstRepeatedParameter()

Get whether or not the first occurrence of a repeated parameter is preferred.

static final UrlQuerySanitizer.ValueSanitizer getSpaceLegal()

Return a value sanitizer that does not allow any special characters except space (' ').

UrlQuerySanitizer.ValueSanitizer getUnregisteredParameterValueSanitizer()

Get the current value sanitizer used when processing unregistered parameter values.

static final UrlQuerySanitizer.ValueSanitizer getUrlAndSpaceLegal()

Return a value sanitizer that allows all the characters used by encoded URLs and allows spaces, which are not technically legal in encoded URLs, but commonly appear anyway.

static final UrlQuerySanitizer.ValueSanitizer getUrlLegal()

Return a value sanitizer that allows all the characters used by encoded URLs.

String getValue(String parameter)

Get the value for a parameter in the current sanitized query.

UrlQuerySanitizer.ValueSanitizer getValueSanitizer(String parameter)

Get the value sanitizer for a parameter.

boolean hasParameter(String parameter)

Check if a parameter exists in the current sanitized query.

void parseQuery(String query)

Parse a query.

void parseUrl(String url)

Parse the query parameters out of an encoded URL.

void registerParameter(String parameter, UrlQuerySanitizer.ValueSanitizer valueSanitizer)

Register a value sanitizer for a particular parameter.

void registerParameters(String[] parameters, UrlQuerySanitizer.ValueSanitizer valueSanitizer)

Register a value sanitizer for an array of parameters.

void setAllowUnregisteredParamaters(boolean allowUnregisteredParamaters)

Set whether or not unregistered parameters are allowed.

void setPreferFirstRepeatedParameter(boolean preferFirstRepeatedParameter)

Set whether or not the first occurrence of a repeated parameter is preferred.

void setUnregisteredParameterValueSanitizer(UrlQuerySanitizer.ValueSanitizer sanitizer)

Set the value sanitizer used when processing unregistered parameter values.

String unescape(String string)

Unescape an escaped string.

Protected methods

void addSanitizedEntry(String parameter, String value)

Record a sanitized parameter-value pair.

void clear()

Clear the existing entries.

int decodeHexDigit(char c)

Convert a character that represents a hexidecimal digit into an integer.

boolean isHexDigit(char c)

Test if a character is a hexidecimal digit.

void parseEntry(String parameter, String value)

Parse an escaped parameter-value pair.

Inherited methods

From class java.lang.Object

Public constructors

UrlQuerySanitizer

Added in API level 1
UrlQuerySanitizer ()

Constructs a UrlQuerySanitizer.

Defaults:

  • unregistered parameters are not allowed.
  • the last instance of a repeated parameter is preferred.
  • The default value sanitizer is an AllIllegal value sanitizer.

UrlQuerySanitizer

Added in API level 1
UrlQuerySanitizer (String url)

Constructs a UrlQuerySanitizer and parse a URL. This constructor is provided for convenience when the default parsing behavior is acceptable.

Because the URL is parsed before the constructor returns, there isn't a chance to configure the sanitizer to change the parsing behavior.

UrlQuerySanitizer sanitizer = new UrlQuerySanitizer(myUrl); String name = sanitizer.getValue("name");

Defaults:

  • unregistered parameters are allowed.
  • the last instance of a repeated parameter is preferred.
  • The default value sanitizer is an AllIllegal value sanitizer.

      Parameters
      url String

Public methods

getAllButNulAndAngleBracketsLegal

Added in API level 1
UrlQuerySanitizer.ValueSanitizer getAllButNulAndAngleBracketsLegal ()

Return a value sanitizer that allows any special characters except angle brackets ('<' and '>') and Nul ('\0'). Allows script URLs.

Returns
UrlQuerySanitizer.ValueSanitizer a value sanitizer

getAllButNulLegal

Added in API level 1
UrlQuerySanitizer.ValueSanitizer getAllButNulLegal ()

Return a value sanitizer that allows everything except Nul ('\0') characters. Script URLs are allowed.

Returns
UrlQuerySanitizer.ValueSanitizer a value sanitizer

getAllButWhitespaceLegal

Added in API level 1
UrlQuerySanitizer.ValueSanitizer getAllButWhitespaceLegal ()

Return a value sanitizer that allows everything except Nul ('\0') characters, space (' '), and other whitespace characters. Script URLs are allowed.

Returns
UrlQuerySanitizer.ValueSanitizer a value sanitizer

getAllIllegal

Added in API level 1
UrlQuerySanitizer.ValueSanitizer getAllIllegal ()

Return a value sanitizer that does not allow any special characters, and also does not allow script URLs.

Returns
UrlQuerySanitizer.ValueSanitizer a value sanitizer

getAllowUnregisteredParamaters

Added in API level 1
boolean getAllowUnregisteredParamaters ()

Get whether or not unregistered parameters are allowed. If not allowed, they will be dropped when a query is parsed.

Returns
boolean true if unregistered parameters are allowed.

See also:

getAmpAndSpaceLegal

Added in API level 1
UrlQuerySanitizer.ValueSanitizer getAmpAndSpaceLegal ()

Return a value sanitizer that does not allow any special characters except ampersand ('&') and space (' '). Does not allow script URLs.

Returns
UrlQuerySanitizer.ValueSanitizer a value sanitizer

getAmpLegal

Added in API level 1
UrlQuerySanitizer.ValueSanitizer getAmpLegal ()

Return a value sanitizer that does not allow any special characters except ampersand ('&'). Does not allow script URLs.

Returns
UrlQuerySanitizer.ValueSanitizer a value sanitizer

getEffectiveValueSanitizer

Added in API level 1
UrlQuerySanitizer.ValueSanitizer getEffectiveValueSanitizer (String parameter)

Get the effective value sanitizer for a parameter. Like getValueSanitizer, except if there is no value sanitizer registered for a parameter, and unregistered paramaters are allowed, then the default value sanitizer is returned.

Parameters
parameter String: an unescaped parameter
Returns
UrlQuerySanitizer.ValueSanitizer the effective value sanitizer for a parameter.

getParameterList

Added in API level 1
List<UrlQuerySanitizer.ParameterValuePair> getParameterList ()

An array list of all of the parameter value pairs in the sanitized query, in the order they appeared in the query. May contain duplicate parameters.

Note: Do not modify this list. Treat it as a read-only list.

Returns
List<UrlQuerySanitizer.ParameterValuePair>

getParameterSet

Added in API level 1
Set<String> getParameterSet ()

Get a set of all of the parameters found in the sanitized query.

Note: Do not modify this set. Treat it as a read-only set.

Returns
Set<String> all the parameters found in the current query.

getPreferFirstRepeatedParameter

Added in API level 1
boolean getPreferFirstRepeatedParameter ()

Get whether or not the first occurrence of a repeated parameter is preferred.

Returns
boolean true if the first occurrence of a repeated parameter is preferred.

See also:

getSpaceLegal

Added in API level 1
UrlQuerySanitizer.ValueSanitizer getSpaceLegal ()

Return a value sanitizer that does not allow any special characters except space (' '). Does not allow script URLs.

Returns
UrlQuerySanitizer.ValueSanitizer a value sanitizer

getUnregisteredParameterValueSanitizer

Added in API level 1
UrlQuerySanitizer.ValueSanitizer getUnregisteredParameterValueSanitizer ()

Get the current value sanitizer used when processing unregistered parameter values.

Note: The default unregistered parameter value sanitizer is one that doesn't allow any special characters, similar to what is returned by calling createAllIllegal.

Returns
UrlQuerySanitizer.ValueSanitizer the current ValueSanitizer used to sanitize unregistered parameter values.

getUrlAndSpaceLegal

Added in API level 1
UrlQuerySanitizer.ValueSanitizer getUrlAndSpaceLegal ()

Return a value sanitizer that allows all the characters used by encoded URLs and allows spaces, which are not technically legal in encoded URLs, but commonly appear anyway. Does not allow script URLs.

Returns
UrlQuerySanitizer.ValueSanitizer a value sanitizer

getUrlLegal

Added in API level 1
UrlQuerySanitizer.ValueSanitizer getUrlLegal ()

Return a value sanitizer that allows all the characters used by encoded URLs. Does not allow script URLs.

Returns
UrlQuerySanitizer.ValueSanitizer a value sanitizer

getValue

Added in API level 1
String getValue (String parameter)

Get the value for a parameter in the current sanitized query. Returns null if the parameter does not exit.

Parameters
parameter String: the unencoded name of a parameter.
Returns
String the sanitized unencoded value of the parameter, or null if the parameter does not exist.

getValueSanitizer

Added in API level 1
UrlQuerySanitizer.ValueSanitizer getValueSanitizer (String parameter)

Get the value sanitizer for a parameter. Returns null if there is no value sanitizer registered for the parameter.

Parameters
parameter String: the unescaped parameter
Returns
UrlQuerySanitizer.ValueSanitizer the currently registered value sanitizer for this parameter.

See also:

hasParameter

Added in API level 1
boolean hasParameter (String parameter)

Check if a parameter exists in the current sanitized query.

Parameters
parameter String: the unencoded name of a parameter.
Returns
boolean true if the paramater exists in the current sanitized queary.

parseQuery

Added in API level 1
void parseQuery (String query)

Parse a query. A query string is any number of parameter-value clauses separated by any non-zero number of ampersands. A parameter-value clause is a parameter followed by an equal sign, followed by a value. If the equal sign is missing, the value is assumed to be the empty string.

Parameters
query String: the query to parse.

parseUrl

Added in API level 1
void parseUrl (String url)

Parse the query parameters out of an encoded URL. Works by extracting the query portion from the URL and then calling parseQuery(). If there is no query portion it is treated as if the query portion is an empty string.

Parameters
url String: the encoded URL to parse.

registerParameter

Added in API level 1
void registerParameter (String parameter, 
                UrlQuerySanitizer.ValueSanitizer valueSanitizer)

Register a value sanitizer for a particular parameter. Can also be used to replace or remove an already-set value sanitizer.

Registering a non-null value sanitizer for a particular parameter makes that parameter a registered parameter.

Parameters
parameter String: an unencoded parameter name
valueSanitizer UrlQuerySanitizer.ValueSanitizer: the value sanitizer to use for a particular parameter. May be null in order to unregister that parameter.

See also:

registerParameters

Added in API level 1
void registerParameters (String[] parameters, 
                UrlQuerySanitizer.ValueSanitizer valueSanitizer)

Register a value sanitizer for an array of parameters.

Parameters
parameters String: An array of unencoded parameter names.

See also:

setAllowUnregisteredParamaters

Added in API level 1
void setAllowUnregisteredParamaters (boolean allowUnregisteredParamaters)

Set whether or not unregistered parameters are allowed. If they are not allowed, then they will be dropped when a query is sanitized.

Defaults to false.

Parameters
allowUnregisteredParamaters boolean: true to allow unregistered parameters.

See also:

setPreferFirstRepeatedParameter

Added in API level 1
void setPreferFirstRepeatedParameter (boolean preferFirstRepeatedParameter)

Set whether or not the first occurrence of a repeated parameter is preferred. True means the first repeated parameter is preferred. False means that the last repeated parameter is preferred.

The preferred parameter is the one that is returned when getParameter is called.

defaults to false.

Parameters
preferFirstRepeatedParameter boolean: True if the first repeated parameter is preferred.

See also:

setUnregisteredParameterValueSanitizer

Added in API level 1
void setUnregisteredParameterValueSanitizer (UrlQuerySanitizer.ValueSanitizer sanitizer)

Set the value sanitizer used when processing unregistered parameter values.

Parameters
sanitizer UrlQuerySanitizer.ValueSanitizer: set the ValueSanitizer used to sanitize unregistered parameter values.

unescape

Added in API level 1
String unescape (String string)

Unescape an escaped string.

  • '+' characters are replaced by ' ' characters.
  • Valid "%xx" escape sequences are replaced by the corresponding unescaped character.
  • Invalid escape sequences such as %1z", are passed through unchanged.

      Parameters
      string String: the escaped string
      Returns
      String the unescaped string.

Protected methods

addSanitizedEntry

Added in API level 1
void addSanitizedEntry (String parameter, 
                String value)

Record a sanitized parameter-value pair. Override if you want to do additional filtering or validation.

Parameters
parameter String: an unescaped parameter
value String: a sanitized unescaped value

clear

Added in API level 1
void clear ()

Clear the existing entries. Called to get ready to parse a new query string.

decodeHexDigit

Added in API level 1
int decodeHexDigit (char c)

Convert a character that represents a hexidecimal digit into an integer. If the character is not a hexidecimal digit, then -1 is returned. Both upper case and lower case hex digits are allowed.

Parameters
c char: the hexidecimal digit.
Returns
int the integer value of the hexidecimal digit.

isHexDigit

Added in API level 1
boolean isHexDigit (char c)

Test if a character is a hexidecimal digit. Both upper case and lower case hex digits are allowed.

Parameters
c char: the character to test
Returns
boolean true if c is a hex digit.

parseEntry

Added in API level 1
void parseEntry (String parameter, 
                String value)

Parse an escaped parameter-value pair. The default implementation unescapes both the parameter and the value, then looks up the effective value sanitizer for the parameter and uses it to sanitize the value. If all goes well then addSanitizedValue is called with the unescaped parameter and the sanitized unescaped value.

Parameters
parameter String: an escaped parameter
value String: an unsanitzied escaped value
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