Android APIs
public class

UrlQuerySanitizer

extends Object
java.lang.Object
   ↳ android.net.UrlQuerySanitizer

Class Overview

Sanitizes the Query portion of a URL. Simple example: UrlQuerySanitizer sanitizer = new UrlQuerySanitizer(); sanitizer.setAllowUnregisteredParamaters(true); sanitizer.parseUrl("http://example.com/?name=Joe+User"); String name = sanitizer.getValue("name")); // name now contains "Joe_User" Register ValueSanitizers to customize the way individual parameters are sanitized: UrlQuerySanitizer sanitizer = new UrlQuerySanitizer(); sanitizer.registerParamater("name", UrlQuerySanitizer.createSpaceLegal()); sanitizer.parseUrl("http://example.com/?name=Joe+User"); String name = sanitizer.getValue("name")); // name now contains "Joe User". (The string is first decoded, which // converts the '+' to a ' '. Then the string is sanitized, which // converts the ' ' to an '_'. (The ' ' is converted because the default unregistered parameter sanitizer does not allow any special characters, and ' ' is a special character.) There are several ways to create ValueSanitizers. In order of increasing sophistication:

  1. Call one of the UrlQuerySanitizer.createXXX() methods.
  2. Construct your own instance of UrlQuerySanitizer.IllegalCharacterValueSanitizer.
  3. Subclass UrlQuerySanitizer.ValueSanitizer to define your own value sanitizer.

Summary

Nested Classes
class UrlQuerySanitizer.IllegalCharacterValueSanitizer Sanitize values based on which characters they contain. 
class UrlQuerySanitizer.ParameterValuePair A simple tuple that holds parameter-value pairs. 
interface UrlQuerySanitizer.ValueSanitizer A functor used to sanitize a single query value. 
Public Constructors
UrlQuerySanitizer()
Constructs a UrlQuerySanitizer.
UrlQuerySanitizer(String url)
Constructs a UrlQuerySanitizer and parse a URL.
Public Methods
final static UrlQuerySanitizer.ValueSanitizer getAllButNulAndAngleBracketsLegal()
Return a value sanitizer that allows any special characters except angle brackets ('<' and '>') and Nul ('\0').
final static UrlQuerySanitizer.ValueSanitizer getAllButNulLegal()
Return a value sanitizer that allows everything except Nul ('\0') characters.
final static UrlQuerySanitizer.ValueSanitizer getAllButWhitespaceLegal()
Return a value sanitizer that allows everything except Nul ('\0') characters, space (' '), and other whitespace characters.
final static UrlQuerySanitizer.ValueSanitizer getAllIllegal()
Return a value sanitizer that does not allow any special characters, and also does not allow script URLs.
boolean getAllowUnregisteredParamaters()
Get whether or not unregistered parameters are allowed.
final static UrlQuerySanitizer.ValueSanitizer getAmpAndSpaceLegal()
Return a value sanitizer that does not allow any special characters except ampersand ('&') and space (' ').
final static UrlQuerySanitizer.ValueSanitizer getAmpLegal()
Return a value sanitizer that does not allow any special characters except ampersand ('&').
UrlQuerySanitizer.ValueSanitizer getEffectiveValueSanitizer(String parameter)
Get the effective value sanitizer for a parameter.
List<UrlQuerySanitizer.ParameterValuePair> getParameterList()
An array list of all of the parameter value pairs in the sanitized query, in the order they appeared in the query.
Set<String> getParameterSet()
Get a set of all of the parameters found in the sanitized query.
boolean getPreferFirstRepeatedParameter()
Get whether or not the first occurrence of a repeated parameter is preferred.
final static UrlQuerySanitizer.ValueSanitizer getSpaceLegal()
Return a value sanitizer that does not allow any special characters except space (' ').
UrlQuerySanitizer.ValueSanitizer getUnregisteredParameterValueSanitizer()
Get the current value sanitizer used when processing unregistered parameter values.
final static UrlQuerySanitizer.ValueSanitizer getUrlAndSpaceLegal()
Return a value sanitizer that allows all the characters used by encoded URLs and allows spaces, which are not technically legal in encoded URLs, but commonly appear anyway.
final static UrlQuerySanitizer.ValueSanitizer getUrlLegal()
Return a value sanitizer that allows all the characters used by encoded URLs.
String getValue(String parameter)
Get the value for a parameter in the current sanitized query.
UrlQuerySanitizer.ValueSanitizer getValueSanitizer(String parameter)
Get the value sanitizer for a parameter.
boolean hasParameter(String parameter)
Check if a parameter exists in the current sanitized query.
void parseQuery(String query)
Parse a query.
void parseUrl(String url)
Parse the query parameters out of an encoded URL.
void registerParameter(String parameter, UrlQuerySanitizer.ValueSanitizer valueSanitizer)
Register a value sanitizer for a particular parameter.
void registerParameters(String[] parameters, UrlQuerySanitizer.ValueSanitizer valueSanitizer)
Register a value sanitizer for an array of parameters.
void setAllowUnregisteredParamaters(boolean allowUnregisteredParamaters)
Set whether or not unregistered parameters are allowed.
void setPreferFirstRepeatedParameter(boolean preferFirstRepeatedParameter)
Set whether or not the first occurrence of a repeated parameter is preferred.
void setUnregisteredParameterValueSanitizer(UrlQuerySanitizer.ValueSanitizer sanitizer)
Set the value sanitizer used when processing unregistered parameter values.
String unescape(String string)
Unescape an escaped string.
Protected Methods
void addSanitizedEntry(String parameter, String value)
Record a sanitized parameter-value pair.
void clear()
Clear the existing entries.
int decodeHexDigit(char c)
Convert a character that represents a hexidecimal digit into an integer.
boolean isHexDigit(char c)
Test if a character is a hexidecimal digit.
void parseEntry(String parameter, String value)
Parse an escaped parameter-value pair.
[Expand]
Inherited Methods
From class java.lang.Object

Public Constructors

public UrlQuerySanitizer ()

Added in API level 1

Constructs a UrlQuerySanitizer.

Defaults:

  • unregistered parameters are not allowed.
  • the last instance of a repeated parameter is preferred.
  • The default value sanitizer is an AllIllegal value sanitizer.

public UrlQuerySanitizer (String url)

Added in API level 1

Constructs a UrlQuerySanitizer and parse a URL. This constructor is provided for convenience when the default parsing behavior is acceptable.

Because the URL is parsed before the constructor returns, there isn't a chance to configure the sanitizer to change the parsing behavior.

UrlQuerySanitizer sanitizer = new UrlQuerySanitizer(myUrl); String name = sanitizer.getValue("name");

Defaults:

  • unregistered parameters are allowed.
  • the last instance of a repeated parameter is preferred.
  • The default value sanitizer is an AllIllegal value sanitizer.

      Parameters
      url

Public Methods

public static final UrlQuerySanitizer.ValueSanitizer getAllButNulAndAngleBracketsLegal ()

Added in API level 1

Return a value sanitizer that allows any special characters except angle brackets ('<' and '>') and Nul ('\0'). Allows script URLs.

Returns
UrlQuerySanitizer.ValueSanitizer a value sanitizer

public static final UrlQuerySanitizer.ValueSanitizer getAllButNulLegal ()

Added in API level 1

Return a value sanitizer that allows everything except Nul ('\0') characters. Script URLs are allowed.

Returns
UrlQuerySanitizer.ValueSanitizer a value sanitizer

public static final UrlQuerySanitizer.ValueSanitizer getAllButWhitespaceLegal ()

Added in API level 1

Return a value sanitizer that allows everything except Nul ('\0') characters, space (' '), and other whitespace characters. Script URLs are allowed.

Returns
UrlQuerySanitizer.ValueSanitizer a value sanitizer

public static final UrlQuerySanitizer.ValueSanitizer getAllIllegal ()

Added in API level 1

Return a value sanitizer that does not allow any special characters, and also does not allow script URLs.

Returns
UrlQuerySanitizer.ValueSanitizer a value sanitizer

public boolean getAllowUnregisteredParamaters ()

Added in API level 1

Get whether or not unregistered parameters are allowed. If not allowed, they will be dropped when a query is parsed.

Returns
boolean true if unregistered parameters are allowed.

public static final UrlQuerySanitizer.ValueSanitizer getAmpAndSpaceLegal ()

Added in API level 1

Return a value sanitizer that does not allow any special characters except ampersand ('&') and space (' '). Does not allow script URLs.

Returns
UrlQuerySanitizer.ValueSanitizer a value sanitizer

public static final UrlQuerySanitizer.ValueSanitizer getAmpLegal ()

Added in API level 1

Return a value sanitizer that does not allow any special characters except ampersand ('&'). Does not allow script URLs.

Returns
UrlQuerySanitizer.ValueSanitizer a value sanitizer

public UrlQuerySanitizer.ValueSanitizer getEffectiveValueSanitizer (String parameter)

Added in API level 1

Get the effective value sanitizer for a parameter. Like getValueSanitizer, except if there is no value sanitizer registered for a parameter, and unregistered paramaters are allowed, then the default value sanitizer is returned.

Parameters
parameter an unescaped parameter
Returns
UrlQuerySanitizer.ValueSanitizer the effective value sanitizer for a parameter.

public List<UrlQuerySanitizer.ParameterValuePair> getParameterList ()

Added in API level 1

An array list of all of the parameter value pairs in the sanitized query, in the order they appeared in the query. May contain duplicate parameters.

Note: Do not modify this list. Treat it as a read-only list.

Returns
List<UrlQuerySanitizer.ParameterValuePair>

public Set<String> getParameterSet ()

Added in API level 1

Get a set of all of the parameters found in the sanitized query.

Note: Do not modify this set. Treat it as a read-only set.

Returns
Set<String> all the parameters found in the current query.

public boolean getPreferFirstRepeatedParameter ()

Added in API level 1

Get whether or not the first occurrence of a repeated parameter is preferred.

Returns
boolean true if the first occurrence of a repeated parameter is preferred.

public static final UrlQuerySanitizer.ValueSanitizer getSpaceLegal ()

Added in API level 1

Return a value sanitizer that does not allow any special characters except space (' '). Does not allow script URLs.

Returns
UrlQuerySanitizer.ValueSanitizer a value sanitizer

public UrlQuerySanitizer.ValueSanitizer getUnregisteredParameterValueSanitizer ()

Added in API level 1

Get the current value sanitizer used when processing unregistered parameter values.

Note: The default unregistered parameter value sanitizer is one that doesn't allow any special characters, similar to what is returned by calling createAllIllegal.

Returns
UrlQuerySanitizer.ValueSanitizer the current ValueSanitizer used to sanitize unregistered parameter values.

public static final UrlQuerySanitizer.ValueSanitizer getUrlAndSpaceLegal ()

Added in API level 1

Return a value sanitizer that allows all the characters used by encoded URLs and allows spaces, which are not technically legal in encoded URLs, but commonly appear anyway. Does not allow script URLs.

Returns
UrlQuerySanitizer.ValueSanitizer a value sanitizer

public static final UrlQuerySanitizer.ValueSanitizer getUrlLegal ()

Added in API level 1

Return a value sanitizer that allows all the characters used by encoded URLs. Does not allow script URLs.

Returns
UrlQuerySanitizer.ValueSanitizer a value sanitizer

public String getValue (String parameter)

Added in API level 1

Get the value for a parameter in the current sanitized query. Returns null if the parameter does not exit.

Parameters
parameter the unencoded name of a parameter.
Returns
String the sanitized unencoded value of the parameter, or null if the parameter does not exist.

public UrlQuerySanitizer.ValueSanitizer getValueSanitizer (String parameter)

Added in API level 1

Get the value sanitizer for a parameter. Returns null if there is no value sanitizer registered for the parameter.

Parameters
parameter the unescaped parameter
Returns
UrlQuerySanitizer.ValueSanitizer the currently registered value sanitizer for this parameter.

public boolean hasParameter (String parameter)

Added in API level 1

Check if a parameter exists in the current sanitized query.

Parameters
parameter the unencoded name of a parameter.
Returns
boolean true if the paramater exists in the current sanitized queary.

public void parseQuery (String query)

Added in API level 1

Parse a query. A query string is any number of parameter-value clauses separated by any non-zero number of ampersands. A parameter-value clause is a parameter followed by an equal sign, followed by a value. If the equal sign is missing, the value is assumed to be the empty string.

Parameters
query the query to parse.

public void parseUrl (String url)

Added in API level 1

Parse the query parameters out of an encoded URL. Works by extracting the query portion from the URL and then calling parseQuery(). If there is no query portion it is treated as if the query portion is an empty string.

Parameters
url the encoded URL to parse.

public void registerParameter (String parameter, UrlQuerySanitizer.ValueSanitizer valueSanitizer)

Added in API level 1

Register a value sanitizer for a particular parameter. Can also be used to replace or remove an already-set value sanitizer.

Registering a non-null value sanitizer for a particular parameter makes that parameter a registered parameter.

Parameters
parameter an unencoded parameter name
valueSanitizer the value sanitizer to use for a particular parameter. May be null in order to unregister that parameter.

public void registerParameters (String[] parameters, UrlQuerySanitizer.ValueSanitizer valueSanitizer)

Added in API level 1

Register a value sanitizer for an array of parameters.

Parameters
parameters An array of unencoded parameter names.

public void setAllowUnregisteredParamaters (boolean allowUnregisteredParamaters)

Added in API level 1

Set whether or not unregistered parameters are allowed. If they are not allowed, then they will be dropped when a query is sanitized.

Defaults to false.

Parameters
allowUnregisteredParamaters true to allow unregistered parameters.

public void setPreferFirstRepeatedParameter (boolean preferFirstRepeatedParameter)

Added in API level 1

Set whether or not the first occurrence of a repeated parameter is preferred. True means the first repeated parameter is preferred. False means that the last repeated parameter is preferred.

The preferred parameter is the one that is returned when getParameter is called.

defaults to false.

Parameters
preferFirstRepeatedParameter True if the first repeated parameter is preferred.

public void setUnregisteredParameterValueSanitizer (UrlQuerySanitizer.ValueSanitizer sanitizer)

Added in API level 1

Set the value sanitizer used when processing unregistered parameter values.

Parameters
sanitizer set the ValueSanitizer used to sanitize unregistered parameter values.

public String unescape (String string)

Added in API level 1

Unescape an escaped string.

  • '+' characters are replaced by ' ' characters.
  • Valid "%xx" escape sequences are replaced by the corresponding unescaped character.
  • Invalid escape sequences such as %1z", are passed through unchanged.

      Parameters
      string the escaped string
      Returns
      String the unescaped string.

Protected Methods

protected void addSanitizedEntry (String parameter, String value)

Added in API level 1

Record a sanitized parameter-value pair. Override if you want to do additional filtering or validation.

Parameters
parameter an unescaped parameter
value a sanitized unescaped value

protected void clear ()

Added in API level 1

Clear the existing entries. Called to get ready to parse a new query string.

protected int decodeHexDigit (char c)

Added in API level 1

Convert a character that represents a hexidecimal digit into an integer. If the character is not a hexidecimal digit, then -1 is returned. Both upper case and lower case hex digits are allowed.

Parameters
c the hexidecimal digit.
Returns
int the integer value of the hexidecimal digit.

protected boolean isHexDigit (char c)

Added in API level 1

Test if a character is a hexidecimal digit. Both upper case and lower case hex digits are allowed.

Parameters
c the character to test
Returns
boolean true if c is a hex digit.

protected void parseEntry (String parameter, String value)

Added in API level 1

Parse an escaped parameter-value pair. The default implementation unescapes both the parameter and the value, then looks up the effective value sanitizer for the parameter and uses it to sanitize the value. If all goes well then addSanitizedValue is called with the unescaped parameter and the sanitized unescaped value.

Parameters
parameter an escaped parameter
value an unsanitzied escaped value