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Added in API level 1

SocketOptions

public interface SocketOptions

java.net.SocketOptions
Known Indirect Subclasses


Interface of methods to get/set socket options. This interface is implemented by: SocketImpl and DatagramSocketImpl. Subclasses of these should override the methods of this interface in order to support their own options.

The methods and constants which specify options in this interface are for implementation only. If you're not subclassing SocketImpl or DatagramSocketImpl, you won't use these directly. There are type-safe methods to get/set each of these options in Socket, ServerSocket, DatagramSocket and MulticastSocket.

Summary

Constants

int IP_MULTICAST_IF

Set which outgoing interface on which to send multicast packets.

int IP_MULTICAST_IF2

Same as above.

int IP_MULTICAST_LOOP

This option enables or disables local loopback of multicast datagrams.

int IP_TOS

This option sets the type-of-service or traffic class field in the IP header for a TCP or UDP socket.

int SO_BINDADDR

Fetch the local address binding of a socket (this option cannot be "set" only "gotten", since sockets are bound at creation time, and so the locally bound address cannot be changed).

int SO_BROADCAST

Sets SO_BROADCAST for a socket.

int SO_KEEPALIVE

When the keepalive option is set for a TCP socket and no data has been exchanged across the socket in either direction for 2 hours (NOTE: the actual value is implementation dependent), TCP automatically sends a keepalive probe to the peer.

int SO_LINGER

Specify a linger-on-close timeout.

int SO_OOBINLINE

When the OOBINLINE option is set, any TCP urgent data received on the socket will be received through the socket input stream.

int SO_RCVBUF

Set a hint the size of the underlying buffers used by the platform for incoming network I/O.

int SO_REUSEADDR

Sets SO_REUSEADDR for a socket.

int SO_SNDBUF

Set a hint the size of the underlying buffers used by the platform for outgoing network I/O.

int SO_TIMEOUT

Set a timeout on blocking Socket operations:

 ServerSocket.accept();
 SocketInputStream.read();
 DatagramSocket.receive();
 

The option must be set prior to entering a blocking operation to take effect.

int TCP_NODELAY

Disable Nagle's algorithm for this connection.

Public methods

abstract Object getOption(int optID)

Fetch the value of an option.

abstract void setOption(int optID, Object value)

Enable/disable the option specified by optID.

Constants

IP_MULTICAST_IF

Added in API level 1
int IP_MULTICAST_IF

Set which outgoing interface on which to send multicast packets. Useful on hosts with multiple network interfaces, where applications want to use other than the system default. Takes/returns an InetAddress.

Valid for Multicast: DatagramSocketImpl

See also:

Constant Value: 16 (0x00000010)

IP_MULTICAST_IF2

Added in API level 1
int IP_MULTICAST_IF2

Same as above. This option is introduced so that the behaviour with IP_MULTICAST_IF will be kept the same as before, while this new option can support setting outgoing interfaces with either IPv4 and IPv6 addresses. NOTE: make sure there is no conflict with this

See also:

Constant Value: 31 (0x0000001f)

IP_MULTICAST_LOOP

Added in API level 1
int IP_MULTICAST_LOOP

This option enables or disables local loopback of multicast datagrams. This option is enabled by default for Multicast Sockets.

Constant Value: 18 (0x00000012)

IP_TOS

Added in API level 1
int IP_TOS

This option sets the type-of-service or traffic class field in the IP header for a TCP or UDP socket.

Constant Value: 3 (0x00000003)

SO_BINDADDR

Added in API level 1
int SO_BINDADDR

Fetch the local address binding of a socket (this option cannot be "set" only "gotten", since sockets are bound at creation time, and so the locally bound address cannot be changed). The default local address of a socket is INADDR_ANY, meaning any local address on a multi-homed host. A multi-homed host can use this option to accept connections to only one of its addresses (in the case of a ServerSocket or DatagramSocket), or to specify its return address to the peer (for a Socket or DatagramSocket). The parameter of this option is an InetAddress.

This option must be specified in the constructor.

Valid for: SocketImpl, DatagramSocketImpl

See also:

Constant Value: 15 (0x0000000f)

SO_BROADCAST

Added in API level 1
int SO_BROADCAST

Sets SO_BROADCAST for a socket. This option enables and disables the ability of the process to send broadcast messages. It is supported for only datagram sockets and only on networks that support the concept of a broadcast message (e.g. Ethernet, token ring, etc.), and it is set by default for DatagramSockets.

Constant Value: 32 (0x00000020)

SO_KEEPALIVE

Added in API level 1
int SO_KEEPALIVE

When the keepalive option is set for a TCP socket and no data has been exchanged across the socket in either direction for 2 hours (NOTE: the actual value is implementation dependent), TCP automatically sends a keepalive probe to the peer. This probe is a TCP segment to which the peer must respond. One of three responses is expected: 1. The peer responds with the expected ACK. The application is not notified (since everything is OK). TCP will send another probe following another 2 hours of inactivity. 2. The peer responds with an RST, which tells the local TCP that the peer host has crashed and rebooted. The socket is closed. 3. There is no response from the peer. The socket is closed. The purpose of this option is to detect if the peer host crashes. Valid only for TCP socket: SocketImpl

See also:

Constant Value: 8 (0x00000008)

SO_LINGER

Added in API level 1
int SO_LINGER

Specify a linger-on-close timeout. This option disables/enables immediate return from a close() of a TCP Socket. Enabling this option with a non-zero Integer timeout means that a close() will block pending the transmission and acknowledgement of all data written to the peer, at which point the socket is closed gracefully. Upon reaching the linger timeout, the socket is closed forcefully, with a TCP RST. Enabling the option with a timeout of zero does a forceful close immediately. If the specified timeout value exceeds 65,535 it will be reduced to 65,535.

Valid only for TCP: SocketImpl

See also:

Constant Value: 128 (0x00000080)

SO_OOBINLINE

Added in API level 1
int SO_OOBINLINE

When the OOBINLINE option is set, any TCP urgent data received on the socket will be received through the socket input stream. When the option is disabled (which is the default) urgent data is silently discarded.

See also:

Constant Value: 4099 (0x00001003)

SO_RCVBUF

Added in API level 1
int SO_RCVBUF

Set a hint the size of the underlying buffers used by the platform for incoming network I/O. When used in set, this is a suggestion to the kernel from the application about the size of buffers to use for the data to be received over the socket. When used in get, this must return the size of the buffer actually used by the platform when receiving in data on this socket. Valid for all sockets: SocketImpl, DatagramSocketImpl

See also:

Constant Value: 4098 (0x00001002)

SO_REUSEADDR

Added in API level 1
int SO_REUSEADDR

Sets SO_REUSEADDR for a socket. This is used only for MulticastSockets in java, and it is set by default for MulticastSockets.

Valid for: DatagramSocketImpl

Constant Value: 4 (0x00000004)

SO_SNDBUF

Added in API level 1
int SO_SNDBUF

Set a hint the size of the underlying buffers used by the platform for outgoing network I/O. When used in set, this is a suggestion to the kernel from the application about the size of buffers to use for the data to be sent over the socket. When used in get, this must return the size of the buffer actually used by the platform when sending out data on this socket. Valid for all sockets: SocketImpl, DatagramSocketImpl

See also:

Constant Value: 4097 (0x00001001)

SO_TIMEOUT

Added in API level 1
int SO_TIMEOUT

Set a timeout on blocking Socket operations:

 ServerSocket.accept();
 SocketInputStream.read();
 DatagramSocket.receive();
 

The option must be set prior to entering a blocking operation to take effect. If the timeout expires and the operation would continue to block, java.io.InterruptedIOException is raised. The Socket is not closed in this case.

Valid for all sockets: SocketImpl, DatagramSocketImpl

See also:

Constant Value: 4102 (0x00001006)

TCP_NODELAY

Added in API level 1
int TCP_NODELAY

Disable Nagle's algorithm for this connection. Written data to the network is not buffered pending acknowledgement of previously written data.

Valid for TCP only: SocketImpl.

See also:

Constant Value: 1 (0x00000001)

Public methods

getOption

Added in API level 1
Object getOption (int optID)

Fetch the value of an option. Binary options will return java.lang.Boolean(true) if enabled, java.lang.Boolean(false) if disabled, e.g.:

 SocketImpl s;
 ...
 Boolean noDelay = (Boolean)(s.getOption(TCP_NODELAY));
 if (noDelay.booleanValue()) {
     // true if TCP_NODELAY is enabled...
 ...
 }
 

For options that take a particular type as a parameter, getOption(int) will return the parameter's value, else it will return java.lang.Boolean(false):

 Object o = s.getOption(SO_LINGER);
 if (o instanceof Integer) {
     System.out.print("Linger time is " + ((Integer)o).intValue());
 } else {
   // the true type of o is java.lang.Boolean(false);
 }
 

Parameters
optID int: an int identifying the option to fetch
Returns
Object the value of the option
Throws
SocketException if the socket is closed
SocketException if optID is unknown along the protocol stack (including the SocketImpl)

See also:

setOption

Added in API level 1
void setOption (int optID, 
                Object value)

Enable/disable the option specified by optID. If the option is to be enabled, and it takes an option-specific "value", this is passed in value. The actual type of value is option-specific, and it is an error to pass something that isn't of the expected type:

 SocketImpl s;
 ...
 s.setOption(SO_LINGER, new Integer(10));
    // OK - set SO_LINGER w/ timeout of 10 sec.
 s.setOption(SO_LINGER, new Double(10));
    // ERROR - expects java.lang.Integer
If the requested option is binary, it can be set using this method by a java.lang.Boolean:
 s.setOption(TCP_NODELAY, new Boolean(true));
    // OK - enables TCP_NODELAY, a binary option
 

Any option can be disabled using this method with a Boolean(false):
 s.setOption(TCP_NODELAY, new Boolean(false));
    // OK - disables TCP_NODELAY
 s.setOption(SO_LINGER, new Boolean(false));
    // OK - disables SO_LINGER
 

For an option that has a notion of on and off, and requires a non-boolean parameter, setting its value to anything other than Boolean(false) implicitly enables it.
Throws SocketException if the option is unrecognized, the socket is closed, or some low-level error occurred

Parameters
optID int: identifies the option
value Object: the parameter of the socket option
Throws
SocketException if the option is unrecognized, the socket is closed, or some low-level error occurred

See also:

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