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Added in API level 1

FileOutputStream

public class FileOutputStream
extends OutputStream

java.lang.Object
   ↳ java.io.OutputStream
     ↳ java.io.FileOutputStream
Known Direct Subclasses
Known Indirect Subclasses


An output stream that writes bytes to a file. If the output file exists, it can be replaced or appended to. If it does not exist, a new file will be created.

   File file = ...
   OutputStream out = null;
   try {
     out = new BufferedOutputStream(new FileOutputStream(file));
     ...
    finally {
     if (out != null) {
       out.close();
     }
   }
 }

This stream is not buffered. Most callers should wrap this stream with a BufferedOutputStream.

Use FileWriter to write characters, as opposed to bytes, to a file.

See also:

Summary

Public constructors

FileOutputStream(File file)

Constructs a new FileOutputStream that writes to file.

FileOutputStream(File file, boolean append)

Constructs a new FileOutputStream that writes to file.

FileOutputStream(FileDescriptor fd)

Constructs a new FileOutputStream that writes to fd.

FileOutputStream(String path)

Constructs a new FileOutputStream that writes to path.

FileOutputStream(String path, boolean append)

Constructs a new FileOutputStream that writes to path.

Public methods

void close()

Closes this stream.

FileChannel getChannel()

Returns a write-only FileChannel that shares its position with this stream.

final FileDescriptor getFD()

Returns the underlying file descriptor.

void write(byte[] buffer, int byteOffset, int byteCount)

Writes count bytes from the byte array buffer starting at position offset to this stream.

void write(int oneByte)

Writes a single byte to this stream.

Protected methods

void finalize()

Invoked when the garbage collector has detected that this instance is no longer reachable.

Inherited methods

From class java.io.OutputStream
From class java.lang.Object
From interface java.io.Closeable
From interface java.io.Flushable
From interface java.lang.AutoCloseable

Public constructors

FileOutputStream

Added in API level 1
FileOutputStream (File file)

Constructs a new FileOutputStream that writes to file. The file will be truncated if it exists, and created if it doesn't exist.

Parameters
file File
Throws
FileNotFoundException if file cannot be opened for writing.

FileOutputStream

Added in API level 1
FileOutputStream (File file, 
                boolean append)

Constructs a new FileOutputStream that writes to file. If append is true and the file already exists, it will be appended to; otherwise it will be truncated. The file will be created if it does not exist.

Parameters
file File
append boolean
Throws
FileNotFoundException if the file cannot be opened for writing.

FileOutputStream

Added in API level 1
FileOutputStream (FileDescriptor fd)

Constructs a new FileOutputStream that writes to fd.

Parameters
fd FileDescriptor
Throws
NullPointerException if fd is null.

FileOutputStream

Added in API level 1
FileOutputStream (String path)

Constructs a new FileOutputStream that writes to path. The file will be truncated if it exists, and created if it doesn't exist.

Parameters
path String
Throws
FileNotFoundException if file cannot be opened for writing.

FileOutputStream

Added in API level 1
FileOutputStream (String path, 
                boolean append)

Constructs a new FileOutputStream that writes to path. If append is true and the file already exists, it will be appended to; otherwise it will be truncated. The file will be created if it does not exist.

Parameters
path String
append boolean
Throws
FileNotFoundException if the file cannot be opened for writing.

Public methods

close

Added in API level 1
void close ()

Closes this stream. Implementations of this method should free any resources used by the stream. This implementation does nothing.

Throws
IOException

getChannel

Added in API level 1
FileChannel getChannel ()

Returns a write-only FileChannel that shares its position with this stream.

Returns
FileChannel

getFD

Added in API level 1
FileDescriptor getFD ()

Returns the underlying file descriptor.

Returns
FileDescriptor
Throws
IOException

write

Added in API level 1
void write (byte[] buffer, 
                int byteOffset, 
                int byteCount)

Writes count bytes from the byte array buffer starting at position offset to this stream.

Parameters
buffer byte: the buffer to be written.
byteOffset int: the start position in buffer from where to get bytes.
byteCount int: the number of bytes from buffer to write to this stream.
Throws
IOException

write

Added in API level 1
void write (int oneByte)

Writes a single byte to this stream. Only the least significant byte of the integer oneByte is written to the stream.

Parameters
oneByte int: the byte to be written.
Throws
IOException

Protected methods

finalize

Added in API level 1
void finalize ()

Invoked when the garbage collector has detected that this instance is no longer reachable. The default implementation does nothing, but this method can be overridden to free resources.

Note that objects that override finalize are significantly more expensive than objects that don't. Finalizers may be run a long time after the object is no longer reachable, depending on memory pressure, so it's a bad idea to rely on them for cleanup. Note also that finalizers are run on a single VM-wide finalizer thread, so doing blocking work in a finalizer is a bad idea. A finalizer is usually only necessary for a class that has a native peer and needs to call a native method to destroy that peer. Even then, it's better to provide an explicit close method (and implement Closeable), and insist that callers manually dispose of instances. This works well for something like files, but less well for something like a BigInteger where typical calling code would have to deal with lots of temporaries. Unfortunately, code that creates lots of temporaries is the worst kind of code from the point of view of the single finalizer thread.

If you must use finalizers, consider at least providing your own ReferenceQueue and having your own thread process that queue.

Unlike constructors, finalizers are not automatically chained. You are responsible for calling super.finalize() yourself.

Uncaught exceptions thrown by finalizers are ignored and do not terminate the finalizer thread. See Effective Java Item 7, "Avoid finalizers" for more.

Throws
IOException
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