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Added in API level 1

BufferedInputStream

public class BufferedInputStream
extends FilterInputStream

java.lang.Object
   ↳ java.io.InputStream
     ↳ java.io.FilterInputStream
       ↳ java.io.BufferedInputStream


A BufferedInputStream adds functionality to another input stream-namely, the ability to buffer the input and to support the mark and reset methods. When the BufferedInputStream is created, an internal buffer array is created. As bytes from the stream are read or skipped, the internal buffer is refilled as necessary from the contained input stream, many bytes at a time. The mark operation remembers a point in the input stream and the reset operation causes all the bytes read since the most recent mark operation to be reread before new bytes are taken from the contained input stream.

Summary

Fields

protected byte[] buf

The internal buffer array where the data is stored.

protected int count

The index one greater than the index of the last valid byte in the buffer.

protected int marklimit

The maximum read ahead allowed after a call to the mark method before subsequent calls to the reset method fail.

protected int markpos

The value of the pos field at the time the last mark method was called.

protected int pos

The current position in the buffer.

Inherited fields

From class java.io.FilterInputStream

Public constructors

BufferedInputStream(InputStream in)

Creates a BufferedInputStream and saves its argument, the input stream in, for later use.

BufferedInputStream(InputStream in, int size)

Creates a BufferedInputStream with the specified buffer size, and saves its argument, the input stream in, for later use.

Public methods

int available()

Returns an estimate of the number of bytes that can be read (or skipped over) from this input stream without blocking by the next invocation of a method for this input stream.

void close()

Closes this input stream and releases any system resources associated with the stream.

void mark(int readlimit)

See the general contract of the mark method of InputStream.

boolean markSupported()

Tests if this input stream supports the mark and reset methods.

int read()

See the general contract of the read method of InputStream.

int read(byte[] b, int off, int len)

Reads bytes from this byte-input stream into the specified byte array, starting at the given offset.

void reset()

See the general contract of the reset method of InputStream.

long skip(long n)

See the general contract of the skip method of InputStream.

Inherited methods

From class java.io.FilterInputStream
From class java.io.InputStream
From class java.lang.Object
From interface java.io.Closeable
From interface java.lang.AutoCloseable

Fields

buf

Added in API level 1
byte[] buf

The internal buffer array where the data is stored. When necessary, it may be replaced by another array of a different size.

count

Added in API level 1
int count

The index one greater than the index of the last valid byte in the buffer. This value is always in the range 0 through buf.length; elements buf[0] through buf[count-1] contain buffered input data obtained from the underlying input stream.

marklimit

Added in API level 1
int marklimit

The maximum read ahead allowed after a call to the mark method before subsequent calls to the reset method fail. Whenever the difference between pos and markpos exceeds marklimit, then the mark may be dropped by setting markpos to -1.

See also:

markpos

Added in API level 1
int markpos

The value of the pos field at the time the last mark method was called.

This value is always in the range -1 through pos. If there is no marked position in the input stream, this field is -1. If there is a marked position in the input stream, then buf[markpos] is the first byte to be supplied as input after a reset operation. If markpos is not -1, then all bytes from positions buf[markpos] through buf[pos-1] must remain in the buffer array (though they may be moved to another place in the buffer array, with suitable adjustments to the values of count, pos, and markpos); they may not be discarded unless and until the difference between pos and markpos exceeds marklimit.

See also:

pos

Added in API level 1
int pos

The current position in the buffer. This is the index of the next character to be read from the buf array.

This value is always in the range 0 through count. If it is less than count, then buf[pos] is the next byte to be supplied as input; if it is equal to count, then the next read or skip operation will require more bytes to be read from the contained input stream.

See also:

Public constructors

BufferedInputStream

Added in API level 1
BufferedInputStream (InputStream in)

Creates a BufferedInputStream and saves its argument, the input stream in, for later use. An internal buffer array is created and stored in buf.

Parameters
in InputStream: the underlying input stream.

BufferedInputStream

Added in API level 1
BufferedInputStream (InputStream in, 
                int size)

Creates a BufferedInputStream with the specified buffer size, and saves its argument, the input stream in, for later use. An internal buffer array of length size is created and stored in buf.

Parameters
in InputStream: the underlying input stream.
size int: the buffer size.
Throws
IllegalArgumentException if size <= 0.

Public methods

available

Added in API level 1
int available ()

Returns an estimate of the number of bytes that can be read (or skipped over) from this input stream without blocking by the next invocation of a method for this input stream. The next invocation might be the same thread or another thread. A single read or skip of this many bytes will not block, but may read or skip fewer bytes.

This method returns the sum of the number of bytes remaining to be read in the buffer (count - pos) and the result of calling the in.available().

Returns
int an estimate of the number of bytes that can be read (or skipped over) from this input stream without blocking.
Throws
IOException if this input stream has been closed by invoking its close() method, or an I/O error occurs.

close

Added in API level 1
void close ()

Closes this input stream and releases any system resources associated with the stream. Once the stream has been closed, further read(), available(), reset(), or skip() invocations will throw an IOException. Closing a previously closed stream has no effect.

Throws
IOException if an I/O error occurs.

mark

Added in API level 1
void mark (int readlimit)

See the general contract of the mark method of InputStream.

Parameters
readlimit int: the maximum limit of bytes that can be read before the mark position becomes invalid.

See also:

markSupported

Added in API level 1
boolean markSupported ()

Tests if this input stream supports the mark and reset methods. The markSupported method of BufferedInputStream returns true.

Returns
boolean a boolean indicating if this stream type supports the mark and reset methods.

See also:

read

Added in API level 1
int read ()

See the general contract of the read method of InputStream.

Returns
int the next byte of data, or -1 if the end of the stream is reached.
Throws
IOException if this input stream has been closed by invoking its close() method, or an I/O error occurs.

See also:

read

Added in API level 1
int read (byte[] b, 
                int off, 
                int len)

Reads bytes from this byte-input stream into the specified byte array, starting at the given offset.

This method implements the general contract of the corresponding read method of the InputStream class. As an additional convenience, it attempts to read as many bytes as possible by repeatedly invoking the read method of the underlying stream. This iterated read continues until one of the following conditions becomes true:

  • The specified number of bytes have been read,
  • The read method of the underlying stream returns -1, indicating end-of-file, or
  • The available method of the underlying stream returns zero, indicating that further input requests would block.
If the first read on the underlying stream returns -1 to indicate end-of-file then this method returns -1. Otherwise this method returns the number of bytes actually read.

Subclasses of this class are encouraged, but not required, to attempt to read as many bytes as possible in the same fashion.

Parameters
b byte: destination buffer.
off int: offset at which to start storing bytes.
len int: maximum number of bytes to read.
Returns
int the number of bytes read, or -1 if the end of the stream has been reached.
Throws
IOException if this input stream has been closed by invoking its close() method, or an I/O error occurs.

reset

Added in API level 1
void reset ()

See the general contract of the reset method of InputStream.

If markpos is -1 (no mark has been set or the mark has been invalidated), an IOException is thrown. Otherwise, pos is set equal to markpos.

Throws
IOException if this stream has not been marked or, if the mark has been invalidated, or the stream has been closed by invoking its close() method, or an I/O error occurs.

See also:

skip

Added in API level 1
long skip (long n)

See the general contract of the skip method of InputStream.

Parameters
n long: the number of bytes to be skipped.
Returns
long the actual number of bytes skipped.
Throws
IOException if the stream does not support seek, or if this input stream has been closed by invoking its close() method, or an I/O error occurs.
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