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Added in API level 1

CharacterIterator

public interface CharacterIterator
implements Cloneable

java.text.CharacterIterator
Known Indirect Subclasses


This interface defines a protocol for bidirectional iteration over text. The iterator iterates over a bounded sequence of characters. Characters are indexed with values beginning with the value returned by getBeginIndex() and continuing through the value returned by getEndIndex()-1.

Iterators maintain a current character index, whose valid range is from getBeginIndex() to getEndIndex(); the value getEndIndex() is included to allow handling of zero-length text ranges and for historical reasons. The current index can be retrieved by calling getIndex() and set directly by calling setIndex(), first(), and last().

The methods previous() and next() are used for iteration. They return DONE if they would move outside the range from getBeginIndex() to getEndIndex() -1, signaling that the iterator has reached the end of the sequence. DONE is also returned by other methods to indicate that the current index is outside this range.

Examples:

Traverse the text from start to finish

 public void traverseForward(CharacterIterator iter) {
     for(char c = iter.first(); c != CharacterIterator.DONE; c = iter.next()) {
         processChar(c);
     }
 }
 
Traverse the text backwards, from end to start
 public void traverseBackward(CharacterIterator iter) {
     for(char c = iter.last(); c != CharacterIterator.DONE; c = iter.previous()) {
         processChar(c);
     }
 }
 
Traverse both forward and backward from a given position in the text. Calls to notBoundary() in this example represents some additional stopping criteria.
 public void traverseOut(CharacterIterator iter, int pos) {
     for (char c = iter.setIndex(pos);
              c != CharacterIterator.DONE && notBoundary(c);
              c = iter.next()) {
     }
     int end = iter.getIndex();
     for (char c = iter.setIndex(pos);
             c != CharacterIterator.DONE && notBoundary(c);
             c = iter.previous()) {
     }
     int start = iter.getIndex();
     processSection(start, end);
 }
 

See also:

Summary

Constants

char DONE

Constant that is returned when the iterator has reached either the end or the beginning of the text.

Public methods

abstract Object clone()

Create a copy of this iterator

abstract char current()

Gets the character at the current position (as returned by getIndex()).

abstract char first()

Sets the position to getBeginIndex() and returns the character at that position.

abstract int getBeginIndex()

Returns the start index of the text.

abstract int getEndIndex()

Returns the end index of the text.

abstract int getIndex()

Returns the current index.

abstract char last()

Sets the position to getEndIndex()-1 (getEndIndex() if the text is empty) and returns the character at that position.

abstract char next()

Increments the iterator's index by one and returns the character at the new index.

abstract char previous()

Decrements the iterator's index by one and returns the character at the new index.

abstract char setIndex(int position)

Sets the position to the specified position in the text and returns that character.

Constants

DONE

Added in API level 1
char DONE

Constant that is returned when the iterator has reached either the end or the beginning of the text. The value is '\\uFFFF', the "not a character" value which should not occur in any valid Unicode string.

Constant Value: 65535 (0x0000ffff)

Public methods

clone

Added in API level 1
Object clone ()

Create a copy of this iterator

Returns
Object A copy of this

current

Added in API level 1
char current ()

Gets the character at the current position (as returned by getIndex()).

Returns
char the character at the current position or DONE if the current position is off the end of the text.

See also:

first

Added in API level 1
char first ()

Sets the position to getBeginIndex() and returns the character at that position.

Returns
char the first character in the text, or DONE if the text is empty

See also:

getBeginIndex

Added in API level 1
int getBeginIndex ()

Returns the start index of the text.

Returns
int the index at which the text begins.

getEndIndex

Added in API level 1
int getEndIndex ()

Returns the end index of the text. This index is the index of the first character following the end of the text.

Returns
int the index after the last character in the text

getIndex

Added in API level 1
int getIndex ()

Returns the current index.

Returns
int the current index.

last

Added in API level 1
char last ()

Sets the position to getEndIndex()-1 (getEndIndex() if the text is empty) and returns the character at that position.

Returns
char the last character in the text, or DONE if the text is empty

See also:

next

Added in API level 1
char next ()

Increments the iterator's index by one and returns the character at the new index. If the resulting index is greater or equal to getEndIndex(), the current index is reset to getEndIndex() and a value of DONE is returned.

Returns
char the character at the new position or DONE if the new position is off the end of the text range.

previous

Added in API level 1
char previous ()

Decrements the iterator's index by one and returns the character at the new index. If the current index is getBeginIndex(), the index remains at getBeginIndex() and a value of DONE is returned.

Returns
char the character at the new position or DONE if the current position is equal to getBeginIndex().

setIndex

Added in API level 1
char setIndex (int position)

Sets the position to the specified position in the text and returns that character.

Parameters
position int: the position within the text. Valid values range from getBeginIndex() to getEndIndex(). An IllegalArgumentException is thrown if an invalid value is supplied.
Returns
char the character at the specified position or DONE if the specified position is equal to getEndIndex()
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