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DataOutputStream

public class DataOutputStream
extends FilterOutputStream implements DataOutput

java.lang.Object
   ↳ java.io.OutputStream
     ↳ java.io.FilterOutputStream
       ↳ java.io.DataOutputStream


A data output stream lets an application write primitive Java data types to an output stream in a portable way. An application can then use a data input stream to read the data back in.

See also:

Summary

Fields

protected int written

The number of bytes written to the data output stream so far.

Inherited fields

From class java.io.FilterOutputStream

Public constructors

DataOutputStream(OutputStream out)

Creates a new data output stream to write data to the specified underlying output stream.

Public methods

void flush()

Flushes this data output stream.

final int size()

Returns the current value of the counter written, the number of bytes written to this data output stream so far.

void write(byte[] b, int off, int len)

Writes len bytes from the specified byte array starting at offset off to the underlying output stream.

void write(int b)

Writes the specified byte (the low eight bits of the argument b) to the underlying output stream.

final void writeBoolean(boolean v)

Writes a boolean to the underlying output stream as a 1-byte value.

final void writeByte(int v)

Writes out a byte to the underlying output stream as a 1-byte value.

final void writeBytes(String s)

Writes out the string to the underlying output stream as a sequence of bytes.

final void writeChar(int v)

Writes a char to the underlying output stream as a 2-byte value, high byte first.

final void writeChars(String s)

Writes a string to the underlying output stream as a sequence of characters.

final void writeDouble(double v)

Converts the double argument to a long using the doubleToLongBits method in class Double, and then writes that long value to the underlying output stream as an 8-byte quantity, high byte first.

final void writeFloat(float v)

Converts the float argument to an int using the floatToIntBits method in class Float, and then writes that int value to the underlying output stream as a 4-byte quantity, high byte first.

final void writeInt(int v)

Writes an int to the underlying output stream as four bytes, high byte first.

final void writeLong(long v)

Writes a long to the underlying output stream as eight bytes, high byte first.

final void writeShort(int v)

Writes a short to the underlying output stream as two bytes, high byte first.

final void writeUTF(String str)

Writes a string to the underlying output stream using modified UTF-8 encoding in a machine-independent manner.

Inherited methods

From class java.io.FilterOutputStream
From class java.io.OutputStream
From class java.lang.Object
From interface java.io.Closeable
From interface java.io.Flushable
From interface java.io.DataOutput
From interface java.lang.AutoCloseable

Fields

written

Added in API level 1
int written

The number of bytes written to the data output stream so far. If this counter overflows, it will be wrapped to Integer.MAX_VALUE.

Public constructors

DataOutputStream

Added in API level 1
DataOutputStream (OutputStream out)

Creates a new data output stream to write data to the specified underlying output stream. The counter written is set to zero.

Parameters
out OutputStream: the underlying output stream, to be saved for later use.

See also:

Public methods

flush

Added in API level 1
void flush ()

Flushes this data output stream. This forces any buffered output bytes to be written out to the stream.

The flush method of DataOutputStream calls the flush method of its underlying output stream.

Throws
IOException if an I/O error occurs.

See also:

size

Added in API level 1
int size ()

Returns the current value of the counter written, the number of bytes written to this data output stream so far. If the counter overflows, it will be wrapped to Integer.MAX_VALUE.

Returns
int the value of the written field.

See also:

write

Added in API level 1
void write (byte[] b, 
                int off, 
                int len)

Writes len bytes from the specified byte array starting at offset off to the underlying output stream. If no exception is thrown, the counter written is incremented by len.

Parameters
b byte: the data.
off int: the start offset in the data.
len int: the number of bytes to write.
Throws
IOException if an I/O error occurs.

See also:

write

Added in API level 1
void write (int b)

Writes the specified byte (the low eight bits of the argument b) to the underlying output stream. If no exception is thrown, the counter written is incremented by 1.

Implements the write method of OutputStream.

Parameters
b int: the byte to be written.
Throws
IOException if an I/O error occurs.

See also:

writeBoolean

Added in API level 1
void writeBoolean (boolean v)

Writes a boolean to the underlying output stream as a 1-byte value. The value true is written out as the value (byte)1; the value false is written out as the value (byte)0. If no exception is thrown, the counter written is incremented by 1.

Parameters
v boolean: a boolean value to be written.
Throws
IOException if an I/O error occurs.

See also:

writeByte

Added in API level 1
void writeByte (int v)

Writes out a byte to the underlying output stream as a 1-byte value. If no exception is thrown, the counter written is incremented by 1.

Parameters
v int: a byte value to be written.
Throws
IOException if an I/O error occurs.

See also:

writeBytes

Added in API level 1
void writeBytes (String s)

Writes out the string to the underlying output stream as a sequence of bytes. Each character in the string is written out, in sequence, by discarding its high eight bits. If no exception is thrown, the counter written is incremented by the length of s.

Parameters
s String: a string of bytes to be written.
Throws
IOException if an I/O error occurs.

See also:

writeChar

Added in API level 1
void writeChar (int v)

Writes a char to the underlying output stream as a 2-byte value, high byte first. If no exception is thrown, the counter written is incremented by 2.

Parameters
v int: a char value to be written.
Throws
IOException if an I/O error occurs.

See also:

writeChars

Added in API level 1
void writeChars (String s)

Writes a string to the underlying output stream as a sequence of characters. Each character is written to the data output stream as if by the writeChar method. If no exception is thrown, the counter written is incremented by twice the length of s.

Parameters
s String: a String value to be written.
Throws
IOException if an I/O error occurs.

See also:

writeDouble

Added in API level 1
void writeDouble (double v)

Converts the double argument to a long using the doubleToLongBits method in class Double, and then writes that long value to the underlying output stream as an 8-byte quantity, high byte first. If no exception is thrown, the counter written is incremented by 8.

Parameters
v double: a double value to be written.
Throws
IOException if an I/O error occurs.

See also:

writeFloat

Added in API level 1
void writeFloat (float v)

Converts the float argument to an int using the floatToIntBits method in class Float, and then writes that int value to the underlying output stream as a 4-byte quantity, high byte first. If no exception is thrown, the counter written is incremented by 4.

Parameters
v float: a float value to be written.
Throws
IOException if an I/O error occurs.

See also:

writeInt

Added in API level 1
void writeInt (int v)

Writes an int to the underlying output stream as four bytes, high byte first. If no exception is thrown, the counter written is incremented by 4.

Parameters
v int: an int to be written.
Throws
IOException if an I/O error occurs.

See also:

writeLong

Added in API level 1
void writeLong (long v)

Writes a long to the underlying output stream as eight bytes, high byte first. In no exception is thrown, the counter written is incremented by 8.

Parameters
v long: a long to be written.
Throws
IOException if an I/O error occurs.

See also:

writeShort

Added in API level 1
void writeShort (int v)

Writes a short to the underlying output stream as two bytes, high byte first. If no exception is thrown, the counter written is incremented by 2.

Parameters
v int: a short to be written.
Throws
IOException if an I/O error occurs.

See also:

writeUTF

Added in API level 1
void writeUTF (String str)

Writes a string to the underlying output stream using modified UTF-8 encoding in a machine-independent manner.

First, two bytes are written to the output stream as if by the writeShort method giving the number of bytes to follow. This value is the number of bytes actually written out, not the length of the string. Following the length, each character of the string is output, in sequence, using the modified UTF-8 encoding for the character. If no exception is thrown, the counter written is incremented by the total number of bytes written to the output stream. This will be at least two plus the length of str, and at most two plus thrice the length of str.

Parameters
str String: a string to be written.
Throws
IOException if an I/O error occurs.
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