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RecyclerView

open class RecyclerView : ViewGroup, ScrollingView, NestedScrollingChild2, NestedScrollingChild3
kotlin.Any
   ↳ android.view.View
   ↳ android.view.ViewGroup
   ↳ androidx.recyclerview.widget.RecyclerView

A flexible view for providing a limited window into a large data set.

Glossary of terms:

  • Adapter: A subclass of Adapter responsible for providing views that represent items in a data set.
  • Position: The position of a data item within an Adapter.
  • Index: The index of an attached child view as used in a call to ViewGroup#getChildAt. Contrast with Position.
  • Binding: The process of preparing a child view to display data corresponding to a position within the adapter.
  • Recycle (view): A view previously used to display data for a specific adapter position may be placed in a cache for later reuse to display the same type of data again later. This can drastically improve performance by skipping initial layout inflation or construction.
  • Scrap (view): A child view that has entered into a temporarily detached state during layout. Scrap views may be reused without becoming fully detached from the parent RecyclerView, either unmodified if no rebinding is required or modified by the adapter if the view was considered dirty.
  • Dirty (view): A child view that must be rebound by the adapter before being displayed.

Positions in RecyclerView:

RecyclerView introduces an additional level of abstraction between the Adapter and LayoutManager to be able to detect data set changes in batches during a layout calculation. This saves LayoutManager from tracking adapter changes to calculate animations. It also helps with performance because all view bindings happen at the same time and unnecessary bindings are avoided.

For this reason, there are two types of position related methods in RecyclerView:

  • layout position: Position of an item in the latest layout calculation. This is the position from the LayoutManager's perspective.
  • adapter position: Position of an item in the adapter. This is the position from the Adapter's perspective.

These two positions are the same except the time between dispatching adapter.notify* events and calculating the updated layout.

Methods that return or receive *LayoutPosition* use position as of the latest layout calculation (e.g. ViewHolder#getLayoutPosition(), findViewHolderForLayoutPosition(int)). These positions include all changes until the last layout calculation. You can rely on these positions to be consistent with what user is currently seeing on the screen. For example, if you have a list of items on the screen and user asks for the 5th element, you should use these methods as they'll match what user is seeing.

The other set of position related methods are in the form of *AdapterPosition*. (e.g. ViewHolder#getAbsoluteAdapterPosition(), ViewHolder#getBindingAdapterPosition(), findViewHolderForAdapterPosition(int)) You should use these methods when you need to work with up-to-date adapter positions even if they may not have been reflected to layout yet. For example, if you want to access the item in the adapter on a ViewHolder click, you should use ViewHolder#getBindingAdapterPosition(). Beware that these methods may not be able to calculate adapter positions if Adapter#notifyDataSetChanged() has been called and new layout has not yet been calculated. For this reasons, you should carefully handle NO_POSITION or null results from these methods.

When writing a LayoutManager you almost always want to use layout positions whereas when writing an Adapter, you probably want to use adapter positions.

Presenting Dynamic Data

To display updatable data in a RecyclerView, your adapter needs to signal inserts, moves, and deletions to RecyclerView. You can build this yourself by manually calling adapter.notify* methods when content changes, or you can use one of the easier solutions RecyclerView provides:

List diffing with DiffUtil

If your RecyclerView is displaying a list that is re-fetched from scratch for each update (e.g. from the network, or from a database), DiffUtil can calculate the difference between versions of the list. DiffUtil takes both lists as input and computes the difference, which can be passed to RecyclerView to trigger minimal animations and updates to keep your UI performant, and animations meaningful. This approach requires that each list is represented in memory with immutable content, and relies on receiving updates as new instances of lists. This approach is also ideal if your UI layer doesn't implement sorting, it just presents the data in the order it's given.

The best part of this approach is that it extends to any arbitrary changes - item updates, moves, addition and removal can all be computed and handled the same way. Though you do have to keep two copies of the list in memory while diffing, and must avoid mutating them, it's possible to share unmodified elements between list versions.

There are three primary ways to do this for RecyclerView. We recommend you start with ListAdapter, the higher-level API that builds in List diffing on a background thread, with minimal code. AsyncListDiffer also provides this behavior, but without defining an Adapter to subclass. If you want more control, DiffUtil is the lower-level API you can use to compute the diffs yourself. Each approach allows you to specify how diffs should be computed based on item data.

List mutation with SortedList

If your RecyclerView receives updates incrementally, e.g. item X is inserted, or item Y is removed, you can use SortedList to manage your list. You define how to order items, and it will automatically trigger update signals that RecyclerView can use. SortedList works if you only need to handle insert and remove events, and has the benefit that you only ever need to have a single copy of the list in memory. It can also compute differences with SortedList#replaceAll(Object[]), but this method is more limited than the list diffing behavior above.

Paging Library

The Paging library extends the diff-based approach to additionally support paged loading. It provides the androidx.paging.PagedList class that operates as a self-loading list, provided a source of data like a database, or paginated network API. It provides convenient list diffing support out of the box, similar to ListAdapter and AsyncListDiffer. For more information about the Paging library, see the library documentation. androidx.recyclerview.R.attr#layoutManager

Summary

Nested classes
abstract

Base class for an Adapter

abstract

Observer base class for watching changes to an Adapter.

abstract

A callback interface that can be used to alter the drawing order of RecyclerView children.

open

EdgeEffectFactory lets you customize the over-scroll edge effect for RecyclerViews.

abstract

This class defines the animations that take place on items as changes are made to the adapter.

abstract

An ItemDecoration allows the application to add a special drawing and layout offset to specific item views from the adapter's data set.

abstract

A LayoutManager is responsible for measuring and positioning item views within a RecyclerView as well as determining the policy for when to recycle item views that are no longer visible to the user.

open

LayoutParams subclass for children of RecyclerView.

abstract

A Listener interface that can be attached to a RecylcerView to get notified whenever a ViewHolder is attached to or detached from RecyclerView.

abstract

This class defines the behavior of fling if the developer wishes to handle it.

abstract

An OnItemTouchListener allows the application to intercept touch events in progress at the view hierarchy level of the RecyclerView before those touch events are considered for RecyclerView's own scrolling behavior.

abstract

An OnScrollListener can be added to a RecyclerView to receive messages when a scrolling event has occurred on that RecyclerView.

open

RecycledViewPool lets you share Views between multiple RecyclerViews.

A Recycler is responsible for managing scrapped or detached item views for reuse.

abstract

A RecyclerListener can be set on a RecyclerView to receive messages whenever a view is recycled.

open

An implementation of RecyclerView.OnItemTouchListener that has empty method bodies and default return values.

abstract

Base class for smooth scrolling.

open

Contains useful information about the current RecyclerView state like target scroll position or view focus.

abstract

ViewCacheExtension is a helper class to provide an additional layer of view caching that can be controlled by the developer.

abstract

A ViewHolder describes an item view and metadata about its place within the RecyclerView.

Constants
static Int

static Int

static Long

static Int

static Int

The RecyclerView is currently being dragged by outside input such as user touch input.

static Int

The RecyclerView is not currently scrolling.

static Int

The RecyclerView is currently animating to a final position while not under outside control.

static Int

Constant for use with setScrollingTouchSlop(int).

static Int

Constant for use with setScrollingTouchSlop(int).

static Int

Constant that represents that a duration has not been defined.

static Int

Public constructors
<init>(@NonNull context: Context)

<init>(@NonNull context: Context, @Nullable attrs: AttributeSet?)

<init>(@NonNull context: Context, @Nullable attrs: AttributeSet?, defStyleAttr: Int)

Public methods
open Unit
addFocusables(views: ArrayList<View!>!, direction: Int, focusableMode: Int)

open Unit

Add an ItemDecoration to this RecyclerView.

open Unit

Add an ItemDecoration to this RecyclerView.

open Unit

Register a listener that will be notified whenever a child view is attached to or detached from RecyclerView.

open Unit

Add an OnItemTouchListener to intercept touch events before they are dispatched to child views or this view's standard scrolling behavior.

open Unit

Add a listener that will be notified of any changes in scroll state or position.

open Unit

Register a listener that will be notified whenever a child view is recycled.

open Unit

Removes all listeners that were added via addOnChildAttachStateChangeListener(OnChildAttachStateChangeListener).

open Unit

Remove all secondary listener that were notified of any changes in scroll state or position.

open Int

Compute the horizontal extent of the horizontal scrollbar's thumb within the horizontal range.

open Int

Compute the horizontal offset of the horizontal scrollbar's thumb within the horizontal range.

open Int

Compute the horizontal range that the horizontal scrollbar represents.

open Int

Compute the vertical extent of the vertical scrollbar's thumb within the vertical range.

open Int

Compute the vertical offset of the vertical scrollbar's thumb within the vertical range.

open Int

Compute the vertical range that the vertical scrollbar represents.

open Boolean
dispatchNestedFling(velocityX: Float, velocityY: Float, consumed: Boolean)

open Boolean
dispatchNestedPreFling(velocityX: Float, velocityY: Float)

open Boolean
dispatchNestedPreScroll(dx: Int, dy: Int, consumed: IntArray?, offsetInWindow: IntArray?)

open Boolean
dispatchNestedPreScroll(dx: Int, dy: Int, consumed: IntArray?, offsetInWindow: IntArray?, type: Int)

open Boolean
dispatchNestedScroll(dxConsumed: Int, dyConsumed: Int, dxUnconsumed: Int, dyUnconsumed: Int, offsetInWindow: IntArray?)

open Boolean
dispatchNestedScroll(dxConsumed: Int, dyConsumed: Int, dxUnconsumed: Int, dyUnconsumed: Int, offsetInWindow: IntArray?, type: Int)

Unit
dispatchNestedScroll(dxConsumed: Int, dyConsumed: Int, dxUnconsumed: Int, dyUnconsumed: Int, offsetInWindow: IntArray?, type: Int, @NonNull consumed: IntArray)

open Boolean

open Unit
draw(c: Canvas!)

open Boolean
drawChild(canvas: Canvas!, child: View!, drawingTime: Long)

open View?

Find the topmost view under the given point.

open View?
findContainingItemView(@NonNull view: View)

Traverses the ancestors of the given view and returns the item view that contains it and also a direct child of the RecyclerView.

open RecyclerView.ViewHolder?

Returns the ViewHolder that contains the given view.

open RecyclerView.ViewHolder?

Return the ViewHolder for the item in the given position of the data set.

open RecyclerView.ViewHolder!

Return the ViewHolder for the item with the given id.

open RecyclerView.ViewHolder?

Return the ViewHolder for the item in the given position of the data set as of the latest layout pass.

open RecyclerView.ViewHolder?

open Boolean
fling(velocityX: Int, velocityY: Int)

Begin a standard fling with an initial velocity along each axis in pixels per second.

open View!
focusSearch(focused: View!, direction: Int)

Since RecyclerView is a collection ViewGroup that includes virtual children (items that are in the Adapter but not visible in the UI), it employs a more involved focus search strategy that differs from other ViewGroups.

open LayoutParams!

open CharSequence!

open RecyclerView.Adapter<RecyclerView.ViewHolder!>?

Retrieves the previously set adapter or null if no adapter is set.

open Int

Return the offset of the RecyclerView's text baseline from the its top boundary.

open Int
getChildAdapterPosition(@NonNull child: View)

Return the adapter position that the given child view corresponds to.

open Long
getChildItemId(@NonNull child: View)

Return the stable item id that the given child view corresponds to.

open Int
getChildLayoutPosition(@NonNull child: View)

Return the adapter position of the given child view as of the latest completed layout pass.

open Int
getChildPosition(@NonNull child: View)

open RecyclerView.ViewHolder!
getChildViewHolder(@NonNull child: View)

Retrieve the ViewHolder for the given child view.

open Boolean

Returns whether this RecyclerView will clip its children to its padding, and resize (but not clip) any EdgeEffect to the padded region, if padding is present.

open RecyclerViewAccessibilityDelegate?

Returns the accessibility delegate compatibility implementation used by the RecyclerView.

open Unit
getDecoratedBoundsWithMargins(@NonNull view: View, @NonNull outBounds: Rect)

Returns the bounds of the view including its decoration and margins.

open RecyclerView.EdgeEffectFactory

Retrieves the previously set EdgeEffectFactory or the default factory if nothing was set.

open RecyclerView.ItemAnimator?

Gets the current ItemAnimator for this RecyclerView.

open RecyclerView.ItemDecoration

Returns an ItemDecoration previously added to this RecyclerView.

open Int

Returns the number of ItemDecoration currently added to this RecyclerView.

open RecyclerView.LayoutManager?

Return the LayoutManager currently responsible for layout policy for this RecyclerView.

open Int

Returns the maximum fling velocity used by this RecyclerView.

open Int

Returns the minimum velocity to start a fling.

open RecyclerView.OnFlingListener?

Get the current OnFlingListener from this RecyclerView.

open Boolean

Returns true if the RecyclerView should attempt to preserve currently focused Adapter Item's focus even if the View representing the Item is replaced during a layout calculation.

open RecyclerView.RecycledViewPool

Retrieve this RecyclerView's RecycledViewPool.

open Int

Return the current scrolling state of the RecyclerView.

open Boolean

open Boolean

open Boolean

open Boolean

Returns whether there are pending adapter updates which are not yet applied to the layout.

open Unit

Invalidates all ItemDecorations.

open Boolean

Returns true if RecyclerView is currently running some animations.

open Boolean

Returns true if RecyclerView is attached to window.

open Boolean

Returns whether RecyclerView is currently computing a layout.

open Boolean

Boolean

Returns whether layout and scroll calls on t