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IdentityCredential

public abstract class IdentityCredential
extends Object

java.lang.Object
   ↳ androidx.security.identity.IdentityCredential


Class used to read data from a previously provisioned credential. Use IdentityCredentialStore.getCredentialByName(String, int) to get a IdentityCredential instance.

Summary

Public methods

abstract KeyPair createEphemeralKeyPair()

Create an ephemeral key pair to use to establish a secure channel with a reader.

abstract byte[] decryptMessageFromReader(byte[] messageCiphertext)

Decrypt a message received from the reader.

byte[] delete(byte[] challenge)

Deletes a credential.

abstract byte[] encryptMessageToReader(byte[] messagePlaintext)

Encrypt a message for transmission to the reader.

abstract Collection<X509Certificate> getAuthKeysNeedingCertification()

Gets a collection of dynamic authentication keys that need certification.

abstract int[] getAuthenticationDataUsageCount()

Get the number of times the dynamic authentication keys have been used.

abstract Collection<X509Certificate> getCredentialKeyCertificateChain()

Gets the X.509 certificate chain for the CredentialKey which identifies this credential to the issuing authority.

abstract BiometricPrompt.CryptoObject getCryptoObject()

Gets a BiometricPrompt.CryptoObject which can be used with this IdentityCredential.

abstract ResultData getEntries(byte[] requestMessage, Map<String, Collection<String>> entriesToRequest, byte[] readerSignature)

Retrieve data entries and associated data from this IdentityCredential.

byte[] proveOwnership(byte[] challenge)

Proves ownership of a credential.

abstract void setAllowUsingExhaustedKeys(boolean allowUsingExhaustedKeys)

Sets whether to allow using an authentication key which use count has been exceeded if no other key is available.

void setAllowUsingExpiredKeys(boolean allowUsingExpiredKeys)

Sets whether to allow using an authentication key which has been expired if no other key is available.

abstract void setAvailableAuthenticationKeys(int keyCount, int maxUsesPerKey)

Sets the number of dynamic authentication keys the IdentityCredential will maintain, and the number of times each should be used.

abstract void setReaderEphemeralPublicKey(PublicKey readerEphemeralPublicKey)

Set the ephemeral public key provided by the reader.

abstract void setSessionTranscript(byte[] sessionTranscript)

Set the session transcript.

abstract void storeStaticAuthenticationData(X509Certificate authenticationKey, byte[] staticAuthData)

This method is deprecated. Use storeStaticAuthenticationData(X509Certificate, Calendar, byte[]) instead.

void storeStaticAuthenticationData(X509Certificate authenticationKey, Calendar expirationDate, byte[] staticAuthData)

Store authentication data associated with a dynamic authentication key.

byte[] update(PersonalizationData personalizationData)

Updates the credential with new access control profiles and data items.

Inherited methods

Public methods

createEphemeralKeyPair

public abstract KeyPair createEphemeralKeyPair ()

Create an ephemeral key pair to use to establish a secure channel with a reader.

Most applications will use only the public key, and only to send it to the reader, allowing the private key to be used internally for encryptMessageToReader(byte[]) and decryptMessageFromReader(byte[]). The private key is also provided for applications that wish to use a cipher suite that is not supported by IdentityCredentialStore.

Returns
KeyPair ephemeral key pair to use to establish a secure channel with a reader.

decryptMessageFromReader

public abstract byte[] decryptMessageFromReader (byte[] messageCiphertext)

Decrypt a message received from the reader.

In order for this to work, setSessionTranscript(byte[]) and setReaderEphemeralPublicKey(PublicKey) must have already been called.

Parameters
messageCiphertext byte: encrypted message to decrypt.

Returns
byte[] decrypted message.

Throws
MessageDecryptionException if the ciphertext couldn't be decrypted.

delete

public byte[] delete (byte[] challenge)

Deletes a credential.

This method returns a COSE_Sign1 data structure signed by the CredentialKey with payload set to ProofOfDeletion as defined below.

     ProofOfDeletion = [
          "ProofOfDeletion",            ; tstr
          tstr,                         ; DocType
          bstr,                         ; Challenge
          bool                          ; true if this is a test credential, should
                                        ; always be false.
      ]
 

This is only implemented if IdentityCredentialStoreCapabilities.isDeleteSupported() returns true. If not the call fails with UnsupportedOperationException.

Parameters
challenge byte: is a non-empty byte array whose contents should be unique, fresh and provided by the issuing authority. The value provided is embedded in the generated CBOR and enables the issuing authority to verify that the returned proof is fresh.

Returns
byte[] the COSE_Sign1 data structure above

encryptMessageToReader

public abstract byte[] encryptMessageToReader (byte[] messagePlaintext)

Encrypt a message for transmission to the reader.

In order for this to work, setSessionTranscript(byte[]) and setReaderEphemeralPublicKey(PublicKey) must have already been called.

Parameters
messagePlaintext byte: unencrypted message to encrypt.

Returns
byte[] encrypted message.

getAuthKeysNeedingCertification

public abstract Collection<X509Certificate> getAuthKeysNeedingCertification ()

Gets a collection of dynamic authentication keys that need certification.

When there aren't enough certified dynamic authentication keys (either because the key count has been increased, one or more keys have reached their usage count, or keys have expired), this method will generate replacement keys and certificates and return them for issuer certification. The issuer certificates and associated static authentication data must then be provided back to the IdentityCredential using storeStaticAuthenticationData(X509Certificate, Calendar, byte[]).

Each X.509 certificate is signed by CredentialKey. The certificate chain for CredentialKey can be obtained using the getCredentialKeyCertificateChain() method.

The following non-optional fields for the X.509 certificate are set as follows:

  • version: INTEGER 2 (means v3 certificate).
  • serialNumber: INTEGER 1 (fixed value: same on all certs).
  • signature: must be set to ECDSA.
  • subject: CN shall be set to "Android Identity Credential Authentication Key" (fixed value: same on all certs).
  • issuer: CN shall be set to "Android Identity Credential Key" (fixed value: same on all certs).
  • validity: should be from current time and one year in the future (365 days).
  • subjectPublicKeyInfo: must contain attested public key.

If IdentityCredentialStoreCapabilities.isUpdateSupported() returns true, each X.509 certificate contains an X.509 extension at OID 1.3.6.1.4.1.11129 .2.1.26 which contains a DER encoded OCTET STRING with the bytes of the CBOR with the following CDDL:

   ProofOfBinding = [
     "ProofOfBinding",
     bstr,              // Contains SHA-256(ProofOfProvisioning)
   ]
 

This CBOR enables an issuer to determine the exact state of the credential it returns issuer-signed data for.

Returns
Collection<X509Certificate> A collection of X.509 certificates for dynamic authentication keys that need issuer certification.

getAuthenticationDataUsageCount

public abstract int[] getAuthenticationDataUsageCount ()

Get the number of times the dynamic authentication keys have been used.

Returns
int[] int array of dynamic authentication key usage counts.

getCredentialKeyCertificateChain

public abstract Collection<X509Certificate> getCredentialKeyCertificateChain ()

Gets the X.509 certificate chain for the CredentialKey which identifies this credential to the issuing authority. This is the same certificate chain that was returned by WritableIdentityCredential.getCredentialKeyCertificateChain(byte[]) when the credential was first created and its Android Keystore extension will contain the challenge data set at that time. See the documentation for that method for important information about this certificate chain.

Returns
Collection<X509Certificate> the certificate chain for this credential's CredentialKey.

getCryptoObject

public abstract BiometricPrompt.CryptoObject getCryptoObject ()

Gets a BiometricPrompt.CryptoObject which can be used with this IdentityCredential.

If IdentityCredential is not hardware-backed the returned BiometricPrompt.CryptoObject is associated with a Signature object. If IdentityCredential is hardware-backed, the returned BiometricPrompt.CryptoObject is associated IdentityCredential object from the Android Framework. Because of this, this method is the preferred way to obtain a BiometricPrompt.CryptoObject rather than to construct it manually.

If the credential has no access control profiles with user-authentication, the value null may be returned.

Returns
BiometricPrompt.CryptoObject A BiometricPrompt.CryptoObject which can be used with BiometricPrompt or null.

getEntries

public abstract ResultData getEntries (byte[] requestMessage, 
                Map<String, Collection<String>> entriesToRequest, 
                byte[] readerSignature)

Retrieve data entries and associated data from this IdentityCredential.

If an access control check fails for one of the requested entries or if the entry doesn't exist, the entry is simply not returned. The application can detect this by using the ResultData.getStatus(String, String) method on each of the requested entries.

It is the responsibility of the calling application to know if authentication is needed and use e.g. BiometricPrompt to make the user authenticate using a BiometricPrompt.CryptoObject which references this object. If needed, this must be done before calling getEntries(byte[], Map, byte[]).

It is permissible to call this method multiple times using the same instance.

If not null the requestMessage parameter must contain data for the request from the verifier. The content can be defined in the way appropriate for the credential, but there are three requirements that must be met to work with this API:

  • The content must be a CBOR-encoded structure.
  • The CBOR structure must be a map.
  • The map must contain a tstr key "nameSpaces" whose value contains a map, as described in the example below.

If these requirements are not met the InvalidRequestMessageException exception is thrown.

Here's an example of CBOR which conforms to this requirement:

   ItemsRequest = {
     ? "docType" : DocType,
     "nameSpaces" : NameSpaces,
     ? "RequestInfo" : {* tstr => any} ; Additional info the reader wants to provide
   }

   DocType = tstr

   NameSpaces = {
     + NameSpace => DataElements    ; Requested data elements for each NameSpace
   }

   NameSpace = tstr

   DataElements = {
     + DataElement => IntentToRetain
   }

   DataElement = tstr
   IntentToRetain = bool
 

If the setSessionTranscript(byte[]) was called, the X and Y coordinates of the public part of the key-pair previously generated by createEphemeralKeyPair() must appear somewhere in the byte array that was set. Each of these coordinates must appear encoded with the most significant bits first and use the exact amount of bits indicated by the key size of the ephemeral keys. For example, if the ephemeral key is using the P-256 curve then the 32 bytes for the X coordinate encoded with the most significant bits first must appear somewhere in the CBOR and ditto for the 32 bytes for the Y coordinate.

If readerAuth is not null it must be the bytes of a COSE_Sign1 structure as defined in RFC 8152. For the payload nil shall be used and the detached payload is the ReaderAuthenticationBytes CBOR described below.

     ReaderAuthentication = [
       "ReaderAuthentication",
       SessionTranscript,
       ItemsRequestBytes
     ]

     ItemsRequestBytes = #6.24(bstr .cbor ItemsRequest)

     ReaderAuthenticationBytes = #6.24(bstr .cbor ReaderAuthentication)
 

where ItemsRequestBytes are the bytes in the requestMessage parameter.

The public key corresponding to the key used to make the signature, can be found in the x5chain unprotected header element of the COSE_Sign1 structure (as as described in draft-ietf-cose-x509-04). There will be at least one certificate in said element and there may be more (and if so, each certificate must be signed by its successor).

Data elements protected by reader authentication are returned if, and only if, they are mentioned in requestMessage, requestMessage is signed by the top-most certificate in the reader's certificate chain, and the data element is configured with an AccessControlProfile configured with an X.509 certificate which appears in the certificate chain.

Note that only items referenced in entriesToRequest are returned - the requestMessage parameter is used only for enforcing reader authentication.

The reason for having requestMessage and entriesToRequest as separate parameters is that the former represents a request from the remote verifier device (optionally signed) and this allows the application to filter the request to not include data elements which the user has not consented to sharing.

Parameters
requestMessage byte: If not null, must contain CBOR data conforming to the schema mentioned above.

entriesToRequest Map: The entries to request, organized as a map of namespace names with each value being a collection of data elements in the given namespace.

readerSignature byte: A COSE_Sign1 structure as described above or null if reader authentication is not being used.

Returns
ResultData A ResultData object containing entry data organized by namespace and a cryptographically authenticated representation of the same data.

Throws
NoAuthenticationKeyAvailableException is thrown if authentication keys were never provisioned, none are available, or the available ones are all exhausted and setAllowUsingExhaustedKeys(boolean) was called with false.
InvalidReaderSignatureException if the reader signature is invalid, or it doesn't contain a certificate chain, or if the signature failed to validate.
InvalidRequestMessageException if the requestMessage is malformed.
EphemeralPublicKeyNotFoundException if the ephemeral public key was not found in the session transcript.

proveOwnership

public byte[] proveOwnership (byte[] challenge)

Proves ownership of a credential.

This method returns a COSE_Sign1 data structure signed by the CredentialKey with payload set to ProofOfOwnership as defined below.

     ProofOfOwnership = [
          "ProofOfOwnership",           ; tstr
          tstr,                         ; DocType
          bstr,                         ; Challenge
          bool                          ; true if this is a test credential, should
                                        ; always be false.
      ]
 

This is only implemented if IdentityCredentialStoreCapabilities.isProveOwnershipSupported() returns true. If not the call fails with UnsupportedOperationException.

Parameters
challenge byte: is a non-empty byte array whose contents should be unique, fresh and provided by the issuing authority. The value provided is embedded in the generated CBOR and enables the issuing authority to verify that the returned proof is fresh.

Returns
byte[] the COSE_Sign1 data structure above

setAllowUsingExhaustedKeys

public abstract void setAllowUsingExhaustedKeys (boolean allowUsingExhaustedKeys)

Sets whether to allow using an authentication key which use count has been exceeded if no other key is available. This must be called prior to calling getEntries(byte[], Map, byte[]) or using a BiometricPrompt.CryptoObject which references this object.

By default this is set to true.

Parameters
allowUsingExhaustedKeys boolean: whether to allow using an authentication key which use count has been exceeded if no other key is available.

setAllowUsingExpiredKeys

public void setAllowUsingExpiredKeys (boolean allowUsingExpiredKeys)

Sets whether to allow using an authentication key which has been expired if no other key is available. This must be called prior to calling getEntries(byte[], Map, byte[]) or using a BiometricPrompt.CryptoObject which references this object.

By default this is set to false.

This is only implemented if IdentityCredentialStoreCapabilities.isStaticAuthenticationDataExpirationSupported() returns true. If not the call fails with UnsupportedOperationException.

Parameters
allowUsingExpiredKeys boolean: whether to allow using an authentication key which use count has been exceeded if no other key is available.

setAvailableAuthenticationKeys

public abstract void setAvailableAuthenticationKeys (int keyCount, 
                int maxUsesPerKey)

Sets the number of dynamic authentication keys the IdentityCredential will maintain, and the number of times each should be used.

IdentityCredentials will select the least-used dynamic authentication key each time getEntries(byte[], Map, byte[]) is called. IdentityCredentials for which this method has not been called behave as though it had been called wit keyCount 0 and maxUsesPerKey 1.

Parameters
keyCount int: The number of active, certified dynamic authentication keys the IdentityCredential will try to keep available. This value must be non-negative.

maxUsesPerKey int: The maximum number of times each of the keys will be used before it's eligible for replacement. This value must be greater than zero.

setReaderEphemeralPublicKey

public abstract void setReaderEphemeralPublicKey (PublicKey readerEphemeralPublicKey)

Set the ephemeral public key provided by the reader. This must be called before encryptMessageToReader(byte[]) or decryptMessageFromReader(byte[]) can be called.

Parameters
readerEphemeralPublicKey PublicKey: The ephemeral public key provided by the reader to establish a secure session.

Throws
InvalidKeyException if the given key is invalid.

setSessionTranscript

public abstract void setSessionTranscript (byte[] sessionTranscript)

Set the session transcript. This must be called before encryptMessageToReader(byte[]) or decryptMessageFromReader(byte[]) can be called.

This method can only be called once per IdentityCredential instance.

Parameters
sessionTranscript byte: the session transcript.

storeStaticAuthenticationData

public abstract void storeStaticAuthenticationData (X509Certificate authenticationKey, 
                byte[] staticAuthData)

This method is deprecated.
Use storeStaticAuthenticationData(X509Certificate, Calendar, byte[]) instead.

Store authentication data associated with a dynamic authentication key.

This should only be called for an authenticated key returned by getAuthKeysNeedingCertification().

Parameters
authenticationKey X509Certificate: The dynamic authentication key for which certification and associated static authentication data is being provided.

staticAuthData byte: Static authentication data provided by the issuer that validates the authenticity and integrity of the credential data fields.

Throws
UnknownAuthenticationKeyException If the given authentication key is not recognized.

storeStaticAuthenticationData

public void storeStaticAuthenticationData (X509Certificate authenticationKey, 
                Calendar expirationDate, 
                byte[] staticAuthData)

Store authentication data associated with a dynamic authentication key.

This should only be called for an authenticated key returned by getAuthKeysNeedingCertification().

This is only implemented if IdentityCredentialStoreCapabilities.isStaticAuthenticationDataExpirationSupported() returns true. If not the call fails with UnsupportedOperationException.

Parameters
authenticationKey X509Certificate: The dynamic authentication key for which certification and associated static authentication data is being provided.

expirationDate Calendar: The expiration date of the static authentication data.

staticAuthData byte: Static authentication data provided by the issuer that validates the authenticity and integrity of the credential data fields.

Throws
UnknownAuthenticationKeyException If the given authentication key is not recognized.

update

public byte[] update (PersonalizationData personalizationData)

Updates the credential with new access control profiles and data items.

This method is similar to WritableIdentityCredential.personalize(PersonalizationData) except that it operates on an existing credential, see the documentation for that method for the format of the returned data.

If this call succeeds an side-effect is that all dynamic authentication keys for the credential are deleted. The application will need to use getAuthKeysNeedingCertification() to generate replacement keys and return them for issuer certification.

This is only implemented if IdentityCredentialStoreCapabilities.isUpdateSupported() returns true. If not the call fails with UnsupportedOperationException.

Parameters
personalizationData PersonalizationData: The data to update, including access control profiles and data elements and their values, grouped into namespaces.

Returns
byte[] A COSE_Sign1 data structure, see above.