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added in version 27.0.0
belongs to Maven artifact com.android.support:support-content:27.0.0

ContentPager

public class ContentPager
extends Object

java.lang.Object
   ↳ android.support.content.ContentPager


ContentPager provides support for loading "paged" data on a background thread using the ContentResolver framework. This provides an effective compatibility layer for the ContentResolver "paging" support added in Android O. Those Android O changes, like this class, help reduce or eliminate the occurrence of expensive inter-process shared memory operations (aka "CursorWindow swaps") happening on the UI thread when working with remote providers.

The list of terms used in this document:

    "The provider" is a ContentProvider supplying data identified by a specific content Uri. A provider is the source of data, and for the sake of this documents, the provider resides in a remote process.
      "supports paging" A provider supports paging when it returns a pre-paged Cursor that honors the paging contract. See @link ContentResolver#QUERY_ARG_OFFSET} and QUERY_ARG_LIMIT for details on the contract.
        "CursorWindow swaps" The process by which new data is loaded into a shared memory via a CursorWindow instance. This is a prominent contributor to UI jank in applications that use Cursor as backing data for UI elements like RecyclerView.

        Details

        Data will be loaded from a content uri in one of two ways, depending on the runtime environment and if the provider supports paging.

      1. If the system is Android O and greater and the provider supports paging, the Cursor will be returned, effectively unmodified, to a ContentPager.ContentCallback supplied by your application.
      2. If the system is less than Android O or the provider does not support paging, the loader will fetch an unpaged Cursor from the provider. The unpaged Cursor will be held by the ContentPager, and data will be copied into a new cursor in a background thread. The new cursor will be returned to a ContentPager.ContentCallback supplied by your application.

        In either cases, when an application employs this library it can generally assume that there will be no CursorWindow swap. But picking the right limit for records can help reduce or even eliminate some heavy lifting done to guard against swaps.

        How do we avoid that entirely?

        Picking a reasonable item limit

        Authors are encouraged to experiment with limits using real data and the widest column projection they'll use in their app. The total number of records that will fit into shared memory varies depending on multiple factors.

      3. The number of columns being requested in the cursor projection. Limit the number of columns, to reduce the size of each row.
      4. The size of the data in each column.
      5. the Cursor type.

        If the cursor is running in-process, there may be no need for paging. Depending on the Cursor implementation chosen there may be no shared memory/CursorWindow in use. NOTE: If the provider is running in your process, you should implement paging support inorder to make your app run fast and to consume the fewest resources possible.

        In common cases where there is a low volume (in the hundreds) of records in the dataset being queried, all of the data should easily fit in shared memory. A debugger can be handy to understand with greater accuracy how many results can fit in shared memory. Inspect the Cursor object returned from a call to query(Uri, String[], String, String[], String). If the underlying type is a CrossProcessCursor or AbstractWindowedCursor it'll have a CursorWindow field. Check getNumRows(). If getNumRows returns less than getCount(), then you've found something close to the max rows that'll fit in a page. If the data in row is expected to be relatively stable in size, reduce row count by 15-20% to get a reasonable max page size.

        What if the limit I guessed was wrong?

        The library includes safeguards that protect against situations where an author specifies a record limit that exceeds the number of rows accessible without a CursorWindow swap. In such a circumstance, the Cursor will be adapted to report a count ({Cursor#getCount}) that reflects only records available without CursorWindow swap. But this involves extra work that can be eliminated with a correct limit.

        In addition to adjusted coujnt, EXTRA_SUGGESTED_LIMIT will be included in cursor extras. When EXTRA_SUGGESTED_LIMIT is present in extras, the client should strongly consider using this value as the limit for subsequent queries as doing so should help avoid the ned to wrap pre-paged cursors.

        Lifecycle and cleanup

        Cursors resulting from queries are owned by the requesting client. So they must be closed by the client at the appropriate time.

        However, the library retains an internal cache of content that needs to be cleaned up. In order to cleanup, call reset().

        Projections

        Note that projection is ignored when determining the identity of a query. When adding or removing projection, clients should call reset() to clear cached data.

        Summary

        Nested classes

        interface ContentPager.ContentCallback

        Callback by which a client receives results of a query. 

        @interface ContentPager.CursorDisposition

         

        interface ContentPager.QueryRunner

        Implementations of this interface provide the mechanism for execution of queries off the UI thread. 

        Constants

        int CURSOR_DISPOSITION_COPIED

        The cursor size exceeded page size.

        int CURSOR_DISPOSITION_PAGED

        The cursor was provider paged.

        int CURSOR_DISPOSITION_REPAGED

        The cursor was pre-paged, but total size was larger than CursorWindow size.

        int CURSOR_DISPOSITION_WRAPPED

        The cursor was not pre-paged, but total size was smaller than page size.

        String EXTRA_HONORED_ARGS

        String EXTRA_REQUESTED_LIMIT

        Denotes the requested limit, if the limit was not-honored.

        String EXTRA_SUGGESTED_LIMIT

        Specifies a limit likely to fit in CursorWindow limit.

        String EXTRA_TOTAL_COUNT

        String QUERY_ARG_LIMIT

        String QUERY_ARG_OFFSET

        Public constructors

        ContentPager(ContentResolver resolver, ContentPager.QueryRunner queryRunner)

        Creates a new ContentPager with a default cursor cache size of 1.

        ContentPager(ContentResolver resolver, ContentPager.QueryRunner queryRunner, int cursorCacheSize)

        Creates a new ContentPager.

        Public methods

        static Bundle createArgs(int offset, int limit)

        Builds a Bundle with offset and limit values suitable for with query(Uri, String[], Bundle, CancellationSignal, ContentCallback).

        Query query(Uri uri, String[] projection, Bundle queryArgs, CancellationSignal cancellationSignal, ContentPager.ContentCallback callback)

        Initiates loading of content.

        void reset()

        Clears any cached data.

        Inherited methods

        From class java.lang.Object

        Constants

        CURSOR_DISPOSITION_COPIED

        added in version 27.0.0
        int CURSOR_DISPOSITION_COPIED

        The cursor size exceeded page size. A new cursor with with page data was created.

        Constant Value: 1 (0x00000001)

        CURSOR_DISPOSITION_PAGED

        added in version 27.0.0
        int CURSOR_DISPOSITION_PAGED

        The cursor was provider paged.

        Constant Value: 2 (0x00000002)

        CURSOR_DISPOSITION_REPAGED

        added in version 27.0.0
        int CURSOR_DISPOSITION_REPAGED

        The cursor was pre-paged, but total size was larger than CursorWindow size.

        Constant Value: 3 (0x00000003)

        CURSOR_DISPOSITION_WRAPPED

        added in version 27.0.0
        int CURSOR_DISPOSITION_WRAPPED

        The cursor was not pre-paged, but total size was smaller than page size. Cursor wrapped to supply data in extras only.

        Constant Value: 4 (0x00000004)

        EXTRA_HONORED_ARGS

        added in version 27.0.0
        String EXTRA_HONORED_ARGS

        See also:

        Constant Value: "android.content.extra.HONORED_ARGS"

        EXTRA_REQUESTED_LIMIT

        added in version 27.0.0
        String EXTRA_REQUESTED_LIMIT

        Denotes the requested limit, if the limit was not-honored.

        Constant Value: "android-support:extra-ignored-limit"

        EXTRA_SUGGESTED_LIMIT

        added in version 27.0.0
        String EXTRA_SUGGESTED_LIMIT

        Specifies a limit likely to fit in CursorWindow limit.

        Constant Value: "android-support:extra-suggested-limit"

        EXTRA_TOTAL_COUNT

        added in version 27.0.0
        String EXTRA_TOTAL_COUNT

        See also:

        Constant Value: "android.content.extra.TOTAL_COUNT"

        QUERY_ARG_LIMIT

        added in version 27.0.0
        String QUERY_ARG_LIMIT

        See also:

        Constant Value: "android:query-arg-limit"

        QUERY_ARG_OFFSET

        added in version 27.0.0
        String QUERY_ARG_OFFSET

        See also:

        Constant Value: "android:query-arg-offset"

        Public constructors

        ContentPager

        added in version 27.0.0
        ContentPager (ContentResolver resolver, 
                        ContentPager.QueryRunner queryRunner)

        Creates a new ContentPager with a default cursor cache size of 1.

        Parameters
        resolver ContentResolver

        queryRunner ContentPager.QueryRunner

        ContentPager

        added in version 27.0.0
        ContentPager (ContentResolver resolver, 
                        ContentPager.QueryRunner queryRunner, 
                        int cursorCacheSize)

        Creates a new ContentPager.

        Parameters
        resolver ContentResolver: The content resolver to use when performing queries.

        queryRunner ContentPager.QueryRunner: The query running to use. This provides a means of executing queries on a background thread.

        cursorCacheSize int: Specifies the size of the unpaged cursor cache. If you will only be querying a single content Uri, 1 is sufficient. If you wish to use a single ContentPager for queries against several independent Uris this number should be increased to reflect that. Remember that adding or modifying a query argument creates a new Uri.

        Public methods

        createArgs

        added in version 27.0.0
        Bundle createArgs (int offset, 
                        int limit)

        Builds a Bundle with offset and limit values suitable for with query(Uri, String[], Bundle, CancellationSignal, ContentCallback).

        Parameters
        offset int: must be greater than or equal to 0.

        limit int: can be any value. Only values greater than or equal to 0 are respected. If any other value results in no upper limit on results. Note that a well behaved client should probably supply a reasonable limit. See class documentation on how to select a limit.

        Returns
        Bundle Mutable Bundle pre-populated with offset and limits vales.

        query

        added in version 27.0.0
        Query query (Uri uri, 
                        String[] projection, 
                        Bundle queryArgs, 
                        CancellationSignal cancellationSignal, 
                        ContentPager.ContentCallback callback)

        Initiates loading of content. For details on all params but callback, see query(Uri, String[], Bundle, CancellationSignal).

        Parameters
        uri Uri: The URI, using the content:// scheme, for the content to retrieve.

        projection String: A list of which columns to return. Passing null will return the default project as determined by the provider. This can be inefficient, so it is best to supply a projection.

        queryArgs Bundle: A Bundle containing any arguments to the query.

        cancellationSignal CancellationSignal: A signal to cancel the operation in progress, or null if none. If the operation is canceled, then OperationCanceledException will be thrown when the query is executed.

        callback ContentPager.ContentCallback: The callback that will receive the query results.

        Returns
        Query A Query object describing the query.

        reset

        added in version 27.0.0
        void reset ()

        Clears any cached data. This method must be called in order to cleanup runtime state (like cursors).

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