To build handheld notifications that are also sent to wearables, use
NotificationCompat.Builder. When you build
notifications with this class, the system takes care of displaying
notifications properly, whether they appear on a handheld or wearable.
RemoteViews are stripped of custom
layouts and the wearable only displays the text and icons. However, you can
create custom notifications
that use custom card layouts by creating a wearable app that runs on the wearable device.
Import the necessary classes
To import the necessary packages, add this line to your
Now that your project has access to the necessary packages, import the necessary classes from the support library:
import android.support.v4.app.NotificationCompat; import android.support.v4.app.NotificationManagerCompat; import android.support.v4.app.NotificationCompat.WearableExtender;
Create Notifications with the Notification Builder
The v4 support library allows you to create notifications using the latest notification features such as action buttons and large icons, while remaining compatible with Android 1.6 (API level 4) and higher.
int notificationId = 001; // Build intent for notification content Intent viewIntent = new Intent(this, ViewEventActivity.class); viewIntent.putExtra(EXTRA_EVENT_ID, eventId); PendingIntent viewPendingIntent = PendingIntent.getActivity(this, 0, viewIntent, 0); NotificationCompat.Builder notificationBuilder = new NotificationCompat.Builder(this) .setSmallIcon(R.drawable.ic_event) .setContentTitle(eventTitle) .setContentText(eventLocation) .setContentIntent(viewPendingIntent); // Get an instance of the NotificationManager service NotificationManagerCompat notificationManager = NotificationManagerCompat.from(this); // Build the notification and issues it with notification manager. notificationManager.notify(notificationId, notificationBuilder.build());
When this notification appears on a handheld device, the user can invoke the
specified by the
setContentIntent() method by touching the notification. When this
notification appears on an Android wearable, the user can swipe the notification to the left to
reveal the Open action, which invokes the intent on the handheld device.
Add Action Buttons
For example, the following code shows the same type of notification from above, but adds an action to view the event location on a map.
// Build an intent for an action to view a map Intent mapIntent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW); Uri geoUri = Uri.parse("geo:0,0?q=" + Uri.encode(location)); mapIntent.setData(geoUri); PendingIntent mapPendingIntent = PendingIntent.getActivity(this, 0, mapIntent, 0); NotificationCompat.Builder notificationBuilder = new NotificationCompat.Builder(this) .setSmallIcon(R.drawable.ic_event) .setContentTitle(eventTitle) .setContentText(eventLocation) .setContentIntent(viewPendingIntent) .addAction(R.drawable.ic_map, getString(R.string.map), mapPendingIntent);
On a handheld, the action appears as an additional button attached to the notification. On a wearable, the action appears as a large button when the user swipes the notification to the left. When the user taps the action, the associated intent is invoked on the handheld.
Tip: If your notifications include a "Reply" action (such as for a messaging app), you can enhance the behavior by enabling voice input replies directly from the Android wearable. For more information, read Receiving Voice Input from a Notification.
Specify Wearable-only Actions
If you want the actions available on the wearable to be different from those on the handheld,
Once you add an action with this method, the wearable does not display any other actions added with
That is, only the actions added with
WearableExtender.addAction() appear on the wearable and they do not appear on the handheld.
// Create an intent for the reply action Intent actionIntent = new Intent(this, ActionActivity.class); PendingIntent actionPendingIntent = PendingIntent.getActivity(this, 0, actionIntent, PendingIntent.FLAG_UPDATE_CURRENT); // Create the action NotificationCompat.Action action = new NotificationCompat.Action.Builder(R.drawable.ic_action, getString(R.string.label), actionPendingIntent) .build(); // Build the notification and add the action via WearableExtender Notification notification = new NotificationCompat.Builder(mContext) .setSmallIcon(R.drawable.ic_message) .setContentTitle(getString(R.string.title)) .setContentText(getString(R.string.content)) .extend(new WearableExtender().addAction(action)) .build();
Add a Big View
You can insert extended text content to your notification by adding one of the "big view" styles to your notification. On a handheld device, users can see the big view content by expanding the notification. On a wearable device, the big view content is visible by default.
For example, the following code adds an instance of
NotificationCompat.BigTextStyle to the event notification,
in order to include the complete event description (which includes more text than can fit
into the space provided for
// Specify the 'big view' content to display the long // event description that may not fit the normal content text. BigTextStyle bigStyle = new NotificationCompat.BigTextStyle(); bigStyle.bigText(eventDescription); NotificationCompat.Builder notificationBuilder = new NotificationCompat.Builder(this) .setSmallIcon(R.drawable.ic_event) .setLargeIcon(BitmapFactory.decodeResource( getResources(), R.drawable.notif_background)) .setContentTitle(eventTitle) .setContentText(eventLocation) .setContentIntent(viewPendingIntent) .addAction(R.drawable.ic_map, getString(R.string.map), mapPendingIntent) .setStyle(bigStyle);
Notice that you can add a large icon image to any notification using the
method. However, these icons appear as large background images on a wearable and do not look
good as they are scaled up to fit the wearable screen. To add a wearable-specific background image
to a notification, see Add Wearable Features For a Notification.
For more information about designing notifications with large images, see the
Design Principles of Android
Add Wearable Features For a Notification
If you ever need to add wearable-specific options to a notification, such as specifying additional
pages of content or letting users dictate a text response with voice input, you can use the
NotificationCompat.WearableExtender class to
specify the options. To use this API:
- Create an instance of a
WearableExtender, setting the wearable-specific options for the notication.
- Create an instance of
NotificationCompat.Builder, setting the desired properties for your notification as described earlier in this lesson.
extend()on the notification and pass in the
WearableExtender. This applies the wearable options to the notification.
build()to build the notification.
For example, the following code calls the
method to remove the app icon from the notification card.
// Create a WearableExtender to add functionality for wearables NotificationCompat.WearableExtender wearableExtender = new NotificationCompat.WearableExtender() .setHintHideIcon(true) .setBackground(mBitmap); // Create a NotificationCompat.Builder to build a standard notification // then extend it with the WearableExtender Notification notif = new NotificationCompat.Builder(mContext) .setContentTitle("New mail from " + sender) .setContentText(subject) .setSmallIcon(R.drawable.new_mail) .extend(wearableExtender) .build();
Note: The bitmap that you use with
should have a resolution of 400x400 for non-scrolling backgrounds and 640x400 for backgrounds
that support parallax scrolling. Place these bitmap images in the
directory. Place other non-bitmap resources for wearable notifications, such
as those used with the
method, in the
If you ever need to read wearable-specific options at a later time, use the corresponding get
method for the option. This example calls the
getHintHideIcon() method to
get whether or not this notification hides the icon:
NotificationCompat.WearableExtender wearableExtender = new NotificationCompat.WearableExtender(notif); boolean hintHideIcon = wearableExtender.getHintHideIcon();
Deliver the Notification
// Get an instance of the NotificationManager service NotificationManagerCompat notificationManager = NotificationManagerCompat.from(mContext); // Issue the notification with notification manager. notificationManager.notify(notificationId, notif);