Pager in Compose

To flip through content in a left and right or up and down manner, you can use the HorizontalPager and VerticalPager composables, respectively. These composables have similar functions to ViewPager in the view system. By default, the HorizontalPager takes up the full width of the screen, VerticalPager takes up the full height, and the pagers only fling one page at a time. These defaults are all configurable.

HorizontalPager

To create a pager that scrolls horizontally left and right, use HorizontalPager:

Figure 1. Demo of HorizontalPager

// Display 10 items
val pagerState = rememberPagerState(pageCount = {
    10
})
HorizontalPager(state = pagerState) { page ->
    // Our page content
    Text(
        text = "Page: $page",
        modifier = Modifier.fillMaxWidth()
    )
}

VerticalPager

To create a pager that scrolls up and down, use VerticalPager:

Figure 2. Demo of VerticalPager

// Display 10 items
val pagerState = rememberPagerState(pageCount = {
    10
})
VerticalPager(state = pagerState) { page ->
    // Our page content
    Text(
        text = "Page: $page",
        modifier = Modifier.fillMaxWidth()
    )
}

Lazy creation

Pages in both HorizontalPager and VerticalPager are lazily composed and laid-out when required. As the user scrolls through pages, the composable removes any pages which are no longer required.

Load more pages offscreen

By default, the pager only loads the visible pages on-screen. To load more pages offscreen, set beyondBoundsPageCount to a value higher than zero.

Scroll to an item in the pager

To scroll to a certain page in the pager, create a PagerState object using rememberPagerState() and pass it as the state parameter to the pager. You can call PagerState#scrollToPage() on this state, inside a CoroutineScope:

val pagerState = rememberPagerState(pageCount = {
    10
})
HorizontalPager(state = pagerState) { page ->
    // Our page content
    Text(
        text = "Page: $page",
        modifier = Modifier
            .fillMaxWidth()
            .height(100.dp)
    )
}

// scroll to page
val coroutineScope = rememberCoroutineScope()
Button(onClick = {
    coroutineScope.launch {
        // Call scroll to on pagerState
        pagerState.scrollToPage(5)
    }
}, modifier = Modifier.align(Alignment.BottomCenter)) {
    Text("Jump to Page 5")
}

If you want to animate to the page, use the PagerState#animateScrollToPage() function:

val pagerState = rememberPagerState(pageCount = {
    10
})

HorizontalPager(state = pagerState) { page ->
    // Our page content
    Text(
        text = "Page: $page",
        modifier = Modifier
            .fillMaxWidth()
            .height(100.dp)
    )
}

// scroll to page
val coroutineScope = rememberCoroutineScope()
Button(onClick = {
    coroutineScope.launch {
        // Call scroll to on pagerState
        pagerState.animateScrollToPage(5)
    }
}, modifier = Modifier.align(Alignment.BottomCenter)) {
    Text("Jump to Page 5")
}

Get notified about page state changes

PagerState has three properties with information about pages: currentPage, settledPage, and targetPage.

  • currentPage: The closest page to the snap position. By default, the snap position is at the start of the layout.
  • settledPage: The page number when no animation or scrolling is running. This is different from the currentPage property in that the currentPage immediately updates if the page is close enough to the snap position, but settledPage remains the same until all the animations are finished running.
  • targetPage: The proposed stop position for a scrolling movement.

You can use the snapshotFlow function to observe changes to these variables and react to them. For example, to send an analytics event on each page change, you can do the following:

val pagerState = rememberPagerState(pageCount = {
    10
})

LaunchedEffect(pagerState) {
    // Collect from the a snapshotFlow reading the currentPage
    snapshotFlow { pagerState.currentPage }.collect { page ->
        // Do something with each page change, for example:
        // viewModel.sendPageSelectedEvent(page)
        Log.d("Page change", "Page changed to $page")
    }
}

VerticalPager(
    state = pagerState,
) { page ->
    Text(text = "Page: $page")
}

Add a page indicator

To add an indicator to a page, use the PagerState object to get information about which page is selected out of the number of pages, and draw your custom indicator.

For example, if you want a simple circle indicator, you can repeat the number of circles and change the circle color based on if the page is selected, using pagerState.currentPage:

val pageCount = 10
val pagerState = rememberPagerState(pageCount = {
    4
})
HorizontalPager(
    state = pagerState
) { page ->
    // Our page content
    Text(
        text = "Page: $page",
        modifier = Modifier
            .fillMaxSize()
    )
}
Row(
    Modifier
        .height(50.dp)
        .fillMaxWidth()
        .align(Alignment.BottomCenter),
    horizontalArrangement = Arrangement.Center
) {
    repeat(pageCount) { iteration ->
        val color = if (pagerState.currentPage == iteration) Color.DarkGray else Color.LightGray
        Box(
            modifier = Modifier
                .padding(2.dp)
                .clip(CircleShape)
                .background(color)
                .size(20.dp)

        )
    }
}

Pager showing a circle indicator below the content
Figure 3. Pager showing a circle indicator below the content

Apply item scroll effects to content

A common use case is to use the scroll position to apply effects to your pager items. To find out how far a page is from the currently selected page, you can use PagerState.currentPageOffsetFraction. You can then apply transformation effects to your content based on the distance from the selected page.

Figure 4. Applying transformations to Pager content

For example, to adjust the opacity of items based on how far they are from the center, change the alpha using Modifier.graphicsLayer on an item inside the pager:

val pagerState = rememberPagerState(pageCount = {
    4
})
HorizontalPager(state = pagerState) { page ->
    Card(
        Modifier
            .size(200.dp)
            .graphicsLayer {
                // Calculate the absolute offset for the current page from the
                // scroll position. We use the absolute value which allows us to mirror
                // any effects for both directions
                val pageOffset = (
                    (pagerState.currentPage - page) + pagerState
                        .currentPageOffsetFraction
                    ).absoluteValue

                // We animate the alpha, between 50% and 100%
                alpha = lerp(
                    start = 0.5f,
                    stop = 1f,
                    fraction = 1f - pageOffset.coerceIn(0f, 1f)
                )
            }
    ) {
        // Card content
    }
}

Custom page sizes

By default, HorizontalPager and VerticalPager takes up the full width or full height, respectively. You can set the pageSize variable to either have a Fixed, Fill (default), or a custom size calculation.

For example, to set a fixed width page of 100.dp:

val pagerState = rememberPagerState(pageCount = {
    4
})
HorizontalPager(
    state = pagerState,
    pageSize = PageSize.Fixed(100.dp)
) { page ->
    // page content
}

To size the pages based on the viewport size, use a custom page size calculation. Create a custom PageSize object and divide the availableSpace by three, taking into account the spacing between the items:

private val threePagesPerViewport = object : PageSize {
    override fun Density.calculateMainAxisPageSize(
        availableSpace: Int,
        pageSpacing: Int
    ): Int {
        return (availableSpace - 2 * pageSpacing) / 3
    }
}

Content padding

HorizontalPager and VerticalPager both support changing the content padding, which lets you influence the maximum size and alignment of pages.

For example, setting the start padding aligns the pages towards the end:

Pager with start padding showing the content aligned towards the end

val pagerState = rememberPagerState(pageCount = {
    4
})
HorizontalPager(
    state = pagerState,
    contentPadding = PaddingValues(start = 64.dp),
) { page ->
    // page content
}

Setting both the start and end padding to the same value centers the item horizontally:

Pager with start and end padding showing the content centered

val pagerState = rememberPagerState(pageCount = {
    4
})
HorizontalPager(
    state = pagerState,
    contentPadding = PaddingValues(horizontal = 32.dp),
) { page ->
    // page content
}

Setting the end padding aligns the pages towards the start:

Pager with start and end padding showing the content aligned to the start

val pagerState = rememberPagerState(pageCount = {
    4
})
HorizontalPager(
    state = pagerState,
    contentPadding = PaddingValues(end = 64.dp),
) { page ->
    // page content
}

You can set the top and bottom values to achieve similar effects for VerticalPager. The value 32.dp is only used here as an example; you can set each of the padding dimensions to any value.

Customize scroll behavior

The default HorizontalPager and VerticalPager composables specify how scrolling gestures work with the pager. However, you can customize and change the defaults such as the pagerSnapDistance or the flingBehaviour.

Snap distance

By default, HorizontalPager and VerticalPager set the maximum number of pages that a fling gesture can scroll past to one page at a time. To change this, set pagerSnapDistance on the flingBehavior:

val pagerState = rememberPagerState(pageCount = { 10 })

val fling = PagerDefaults.flingBehavior(
    state = pagerState,
    pagerSnapDistance = PagerSnapDistance.atMost(10)
)

Column(modifier = Modifier.fillMaxSize()) {
    HorizontalPager(
        state = pagerState,
        pageSize = PageSize.Fixed(200.dp),
        beyondBoundsPageCount = 10,
        flingBehavior = fling
    ) {
        PagerSampleItem(page = it)
    }
}