Swipe to dismiss

Swipe to dismiss animation conveys the transition when users navigate to the previous page.

The animation details for swipe to dismiss are similar to the RSB press. Your finger controls the progress of the animation up to 50%.

There is an additional animation on the App View that is linked to the dismiss gesture. The amount of movement shown on the app view is not exactly the same as the distance that the finger needs to move. The app view should never leave the edge of the screen, displaying a squeeze like effect with some resistance.


Wear has its own version of Box, SwipeToDismissBox. This adds support for the swipe-to-dismiss gesture, which is similar to the back button on mobile.

SwipeToDismissBox is a composable that can be dismissed by swiping right.

To use SwipeToDismissBox, you must first create a state. The state contains information on swipe direction, whether an animation is running, the current value and the target, and more. The following example shows how to design a simple swipe to dismiss action:

val state = rememberSwipeToDismissBoxState()
    onDismissed = { /* navigateBack */ },
) { isBackground ->
    if (isBackground) {
        Box(modifier = Modifier.fillMaxSize().background(MaterialTheme.colors.secondaryVariant))
    } else {
            modifier = Modifier.fillMaxSize().background(MaterialTheme.colors.primary),
            horizontalAlignment = Alignment.CenterHorizontally,
            verticalArrangement = Arrangement.Center,
        ) {
            Text("Swipe to dismiss", color = MaterialTheme.colors.onPrimary)

For more information on using SwipeToDismissBox in conjunction with the Navigation library, see the reference docs for the Wear Compose Navigation library.


When designing the swipe to dismiss action, keep the following two principles in mind:

Edge of the screen

Account for other UI elements that are swipable, such as paginated app views. When swipe to dismiss is possible, reserve 20% of the edge of the screen to trigger that motion.

See this example from the Compose Material for Wear OS codebase for an example of edge-swiping when the content is horizontally scrollable.

Threshold to go back or stay on app view

If the user has dragged their finger across over 50% of the screen width, the app should trigger the rest of the swipe back animation. If it's less than that, the app should snap back to the full app view.

If the gesture is quick, ignore the 50% threshold rule and swipe back.