<data android:scheme="string" android:host="string" android:port="string" android:path="string" android:pathPattern="string" android:pathPrefix="string" android:mimeType="string" />
- contained in:
- Adds a data specification to an intent filter. The specification can
be just a data type (the
mimeTypeattribute), just a URI, or both a data type and a URI. A URI is specified by separate attributes for each of its parts:
These attributes that specify the URL format are optional, but also mutually dependent:
- If a
schemeis not specified for the intent filter, all the other URI attributes are ignored.
- If a
hostis not specified for the filter, the
portattribute and all the path attributes are ignored.
<data>elements contained within the same
<intent-filter>element contribute to the same filter. So, for example, the following filter specification,
<intent-filter . . . > <data android:scheme="something" android:host="project.example.com" /> . . . </intent-filter>
is equivalent to this one:
<intent-filter . . . > <data android:scheme="something" /> <data android:host="project.example.com" /> . . . </intent-filter>
You can place any number of
<data>elements inside an
<intent-filter>to give it multiple data options. None of its attributes have default values.
Information on how intent filters work, including the rules for how Intent objects are matched against filters, can be found in another document, Intents and Intent Filters. See also the Intent Filters section in the manifest file overview.
- If a
- The scheme part of a URI. This is the minimal essential attribute for
specifying a URI; at least one
schemeattribute must be set for the filter, or none of the other URI attributes are meaningful.
A scheme is specified without the trailing colon (for example,
http, rather than
If the filter has a data type set (the
mimeTypeattribute) but no scheme, the
file:schemes are assumed.
Note: Scheme matching in the Android framework is case-sensitive, unlike the RFC. As a result, you should always specify schemes using lowercase letters.
The host part of a URI authority. This attribute is meaningless
schemeattribute is also specified for the filter. To match multiple subdomains, use an asterisk (
*) to match zero or more characters in the host. For example, the host
The asterisk must be the first character of the host attribute. For example, the host
google.co.*is invalid because the asterisk wildcard is not the first character.
Note: host name matching in the Android framework is case-sensitive, unlike the formal RFC. As a result, you should always specify host names using lowercase letters.
- The port part of a URI authority. This attribute is meaningful only
hostattributes are also specified for the filter.
- The path part of a URI which must begin with a /.
pathattribute specifies a complete path that is matched against the complete path in an Intent object. The
pathPrefixattribute specifies a partial path that is matched against only the initial part of the path in the Intent object. The
pathPatternattribute specifies a complete path that is matched against the complete path in the Intent object, but it can contain the following wildcards:
- An asterisk ('
*') matches a sequence of 0 to many occurrences of the immediately preceding character.
- A period followed by an asterisk ("
.*") matches any sequence of 0 to many characters.
\' is used as an escape character when the string is read from XML (before it is parsed as a pattern), you will need to double-escape: For example, a literal '
*' would be written as "
\\*" and a literal '
\' would be written as "
\\\\". This is basically the same as what you would need to write if constructing the string in Java code.
- An asterisk ('
- A MIME media type, such as
audio/mpeg4-generic. The subtype can be the asterisk wildcard (
*) to indicate that any subtype matches.
It's common for an intent filter to declare a
<data>that includes only the
Note: MIME type matching in the Android framework is case-sensitive, unlike formal RFC MIME types. As a result, you should always specify MIME types using lowercase letters.
- introduced in:
- API Level 1
- see also:
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Last updated 2019-12-27.