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ServiceTestRule

public class ServiceTestRule
extends Object implements TestRule

java.lang.Object
   ↳ android.support.test.rule.ServiceTestRule


A JUnit rule that provides a simplified mechanism to start and shutdown your service before and after the duration of your test. It also guarantees that the service is successfully connected when starting (or binding to) a service. The service can be started (or bound) using one of the helper methods. It will automatically be stopped (or unbound) after the test completes and any methods annotated with After are finished.

Note: This rule doesn't support IntentService because it's automatically destroyed when onHandleIntent(android.content.Intent) finishes all outstanding commands. So there is no guarantee to establish a successful connection in a timely manner.

Usage:

 @Rule
 public final ServiceTestRule mServiceRule = new ServiceTestRule();

 @Test
 public void testWithStartedService() {
     mServiceRule.startService(
         new Intent(InstrumentationRegistry.getTargetContext(), MyService.class));
     //do something
 }

 @Test
 public void testWithBoundService() {
     IBinder binder = mServiceRule.bindService(
         new Intent(InstrumentationRegistry.getTargetContext(), MyService.class));
     MyService service = ((MyService.LocalBinder) binder).getService();
     assertTrue("True wasn't returned", service.doSomethingToReturnTrue());
 }
 

Summary

Public constructors

ServiceTestRule()

Creates a ServiceTestRule with a default timeout of 5 seconds

Public methods

Statement apply(Statement base, Description description)
IBinder bindService(Intent intent)

Works just like bindService(android.content.Intent, android.content.ServiceConnection, int) except uses an internal ServiceConnection to guarantee successful bound.

IBinder bindService(Intent intent, ServiceConnection connection, int flags)

Starts the service under test, in the same way as if it were started by Context.bindService(Intent, ServiceConnection, flags) with an Intent that identifies a service.

void startService(Intent intent)

Starts the service under test and blocks until the service is connected, in the same way as if it were started by Context.startService(Intent) with an Intent that identifies a service.

static ServiceTestRule withTimeout(long timeout, TimeUnit timeUnit)

Factory method to create a ServiceTestRule with a custom timeout

Protected methods

void afterService()

Override this method to do your own service specific clean up after the service is shutdown.

void beforeService()

Override this method to do your own service specific initialization before starting or binding to the service.

Inherited methods

From class java.lang.Object
From interface org.junit.rules.TestRule

Public constructors

ServiceTestRule

ServiceTestRule ()

Creates a ServiceTestRule with a default timeout of 5 seconds

Public methods

apply

Statement apply (Statement base, 
                Description description)

Parameters
base Statement
description Description
Returns
Statement

bindService

IBinder bindService (Intent intent)

Works just like bindService(android.content.Intent, android.content.ServiceConnection, int) except uses an internal ServiceConnection to guarantee successful bound. The operation option flag defaults to BIND_AUTO_CREATE

Parameters
intent Intent
Returns
IBinder
Throws
TimeoutException

See also:

bindService

IBinder bindService (Intent intent, 
                ServiceConnection connection, 
                int flags)

Starts the service under test, in the same way as if it were started by Context.bindService(Intent, ServiceConnection, flags) with an Intent that identifies a service. However, it waits for onServiceConnected(android.content.ComponentName, android.os.IBinder) to be called before returning.

Parameters
intent Intent: Identifies the service to connect to. The Intent may specify either an explicit component name, or a logical description (action, category, etc) to match an IntentFilter published by a service.
connection ServiceConnection: Receives information as the service is started and stopped. This must be a valid ServiceConnection object; it must not be null.
flags int: Operation options for the binding. May be 0, BIND_AUTO_CREATE, BIND_DEBUG_UNBIND, BIND_NOT_FOREGROUND, BIND_ABOVE_CLIENT, BIND_ALLOW_OOM_MANAGEMENT, or BIND_WAIVE_PRIORITY.
Returns
IBinder An object whose type is a subclass of IBinder, for making further calls into the service.
Throws
SecurityException if the called doesn't have permission to bind to the given service.
TimeoutException if timed out waiting for a successful connection with the service.

See also:

startService

void startService (Intent intent)

Starts the service under test and blocks until the service is connected, in the same way as if it were started by Context.startService(Intent) with an Intent that identifies a service. If you use this method to start the service, it is automatically stopped at the end of the test run. However, it also binds to the service and waits for onServiceConnected(android.content.ComponentName, android.os.IBinder) to be called to ensure successful connection.

Parameters
intent Intent: An Intent that identifies a service, of the same form as the Intent passed to Context.startService (Intent).
Throws
SecurityException if you do not have permission to bind to the given service.
TimeoutException if timed out waiting for a successful connection with the service.

withTimeout

ServiceTestRule withTimeout (long timeout, 
                TimeUnit timeUnit)

Factory method to create a ServiceTestRule with a custom timeout

Parameters
timeout long: the amount of time to wait for a service to connect.
timeUnit TimeUnit: the time unit representing how the timeout parameter should be interpreted
Returns
ServiceTestRule a ServiceTestRule with the desired timeout

Protected methods

afterService

void afterService ()

Override this method to do your own service specific clean up after the service is shutdown. The method is called after each test method is executed including any method annotated with After and after necessary calls to stop (or unbind) the service under test were called.

beforeService

void beforeService ()

Override this method to do your own service specific initialization before starting or binding to the service. The method is called before each test method is executed including any method annotated with Before. Do not start or bind to a service from here!

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