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Supported media formats

This document describes the media codec, container, and network protocol support provided by the Android platform.

The tables below describe the media format support built into the Android platform. YES means the format is available on all Android versions. Where a specific Android platform is specified, the format is available for that version and all later versions. The format might also be available in earlier versions, but this is not guaranteed.

Note that a particular mobile device might support additional formats or file types that are not listed in these tables. In addition, if you use a MediaCodec directly, you can access any of the available media formats regardless of the supported file types and container formats.

Audio support

Format Encoder Decoder Details File Types
Container Formats
AAC LC YES YES Support for mono/stereo/5.0/5.1 content with standard sampling rates from 8 to 48 kHz. • 3GPP (.3gp)
• MPEG-4 (.mp4, .m4a)
• ADTS raw AAC (.aac, decode in Android 3.1+, encode in Android 4.0+, ADIF not supported)
• MPEG-TS (.ts, not seekable, Android 3.0+)
HE-AACv1 (AAC+) Android 4.1+ YES
HE-AACv2 (enhanced AAC+)   YES Support for stereo/5.0/5.1 content with standard sampling rates from 8 to 48 kHz.
xHE-AAC   Android 9+ Support for up to 8ch content with standard sampling rates from 8 to 48 kHz
AAC ELD (enhanced low delay AAC) Android 4.1+ Android 4.1+ Support for mono/stereo content with standard sampling rates from 16 to 48 kHz
AMR-NB YES YES 4.75 to 12.2 kbps sampled @ 8kHz • 3GPP (.3gp)
• AMR (.amr)
AMR-WB YES YES 9 rates from 6.60 kbit/s to 23.85 kbit/s sampled @ 16kHz
FLAC Android 4.1+ Android 3.1+ Mono/Stereo (no multichannel). Sample rates up to 48 kHz (but up to 44.1 kHz is recommended on devices with 44.1 kHz output, as the 48 to 44.1 kHz downsampler does not include a low-pass filter). 16-bit recommended; no dither applied for 24-bit. • FLAC (.flac)
• MPEG-4 (.mp4, .m4a, Android 10+)
MIDI   YES MIDI Type 0 and 1. DLS Version 1 and 2. XMF and Mobile XMF. Support for ringtone formats RTTTL/RTX, OTA, and iMelody • Type 0 and 1 (.mid, .xmf, .mxmf)
• RTTTL/RTX (.rtttl, .rtx)
• OTA (.ota)
• iMelody (.imy)
MP3   YES Mono/Stereo 8-320Kbps constant (CBR) or variable bit-rate (VBR) • MP3 (.mp3)
• MPEG-4 (.mp4, .m4a, Android 10+)
• Matroska (.mkv, Android 10+)
Opus Android 5.0+ • Ogg (.ogg)
• Matroska (.mkv)
PCM/WAVE Android 4.1+ YES 8- and 16-bit linear PCM (rates up to limit of hardware). Sampling rates for raw PCM recordings at 8000, 16000 and 44100 Hz. WAVE (.wav)
Vorbis   YES   • Ogg (.ogg)
• Matroska (.mkv, Android 4.0+)
• MPEG-4 (.mp4, .m4a, Android 10+)

Video support

Video formats

Format Encoder Decoder Details File Types
Container Formats
H.263 YES YES Support for H.263 is optional in Android 7.0+ • 3GPP (.3gp)
• MPEG-4 (.mp4)
• Matroska (.mkv)
H.264 AVC
Baseline Profile (BP)
Android 3.0+ YES • 3GPP (.3gp)
• MPEG-4 (.mp4)
• MPEG-TS (.ts, AAC audio only, not seekable, Android 3.0+)
• Matroska (.mkv)
H.264 AVC
Main Profile (MP)
Android 6.0+ YES The decoder is required, the encoder is recommended.
H.265 HEVC Android 5.0+ Main Profile Level 3 for mobile devices and Main Profile Level 4.1 for Android TV • MPEG-4 (.mp4)
• Matroska (.mkv)
MPEG-4 SP   YES   3GPP (.3gp)
VP8 Android 4.3+ Android 2.3.3+ Streamable only in Android 4.0 and above WebM (.webm)
• Matroska (.mkv, Android 4.0+)
VP9 Android 4.4+ WebM (.webm)
• Matroska (.mkv)
AV1 Android 10+ The decoder is optional. • MPEG-4 (.mp4)
• Matroska (.mkv)

Video encoding recommendations

The table below lists the Android media framework video encoding profiles and parameters recommended for playback using the H.264 Baseline Profile codec. The same recommendations apply to the Main Profile codec, which is only available in Android 6.0 and later.

  SD (Low quality) SD (High quality) HD 720p (N/A on all devices)
Video resolution 176 x 144 px 480 x 360 px 1280 x 720 px
Video frame rate 12 fps 30 fps 30 fps
Video bitrate 56 Kbps 500 Kbps 2 Mbps
Audio codec AAC-LC AAC-LC AAC-LC
Audio channels 1 (mono) 2 (stereo) 2 (stereo)
Audio bitrate 24 Kbps 128 Kbps 192 Kbps

The table below lists the Android media framework video encoding profiles and parameters recommended for playback using the VP8 media codec.

  SD (Low quality) SD (High quality) HD 720p (N/A on all devices) HD 1080p (N/A on all devices)
Video resolution 320 x 180 px 640 x 360 px 1280 x 720 px 1920 x 1080 px
Video frame rate 30 fps 30 fps 30 fps 30 fps
Video bitrate 800 Kbps 2 Mbps 4 Mbps 10 Mbps

Video decoding recommendations

Device implementations must support dynamic video resolution and frame rate switching through the standard Android APIs within the same stream for all VP8, VP9, H.264, and H.265 codecs in real time and up to the maximum resolution supported by each codec on the device.

Implementations that support the Dolby Vision decoder must follow these guidelines:

  • Provide a Dolby Vision-capable extractor.
  • Properly display Dolby Vision content on the device screen or on a standard video output port (e.g., HDMI).
  • Set the track index of backward-compatible base-layer(s) (if present) to be the same as the combined Dolby Vision layer's track index.

Video streaming requirements

For video content that is streamed over HTTP or RTSP, there are additional requirements:

  • For 3GPP and MPEG-4 containers, the moov atom must precede any mdat atoms, but must succeed the ftyp atom.
  • For 3GPP, MPEG-4, and WebM containers, audio and video samples corresponding to the same time offset may be no more than 500 KB apart. To minimize this audio/video drift, consider interleaving audio and video in smaller chunk sizes.

Image support

Format Encoder Decoder Details File Types
Container Formats
BMP   YES   BMP (.bmp)
GIF   YES   GIF (.gif)
JPEG YES YES Base+progressive JPEG (.jpg)
PNG YES YES   PNG (.png)
WebP Android 4.0+
Lossless: Android 10+
Transparency: Android 4.2.1+
Android 4.0+
Lossless: Android 4.2.1+
Transparency: Android 4.2.1+
Lossless encoding can be achieved on Android 10 using a quality of 100. WebP (.webp)
HEIF   Android 8.0+   HEIF (.heic; .heif)

Network protocols

The following network protocols are supported for audio and video playback:

  • RTSP (RTP, SDP)
  • HTTP/HTTPS progressive streaming
  • HTTP/HTTPS live streaming draft protocol:
    • MPEG-2 TS media files only
    • Protocol version 3 Android 4.0 and above
    • Protocol version 2 Android 3.x
    • Not supported before Android 3.0

Note: HTTPS is not supported before Android 3.1.