The Android 14 platform includes behavior changes that may affect your app. The
following behavior changes apply to all apps when they run on Android 14,
targetSdkVersion. You should
test your app and then modify it as needed to support these properly, where
Make sure to also review the list of behavior changes that only affect apps targeting Android 14.
Schedule exact alarms are denied by default
Exact alarms are meant for user-intentioned notifications, or for actions that
need to happen at a precise time. Starting in Android 14, the
permission is no longer being pre-granted to most newly installed apps
targeting Android 13 and higher—the permission is denied by default.
Learn more about the changes to the permission for scheduling exact alarms.
Context-registered broadcasts are queued while apps are cached
On Android 14, the system may place context-registered broadcasts in a queue while the app is in the cached state. This is similar to the queuing behavior that Android 12 (API level 31) introduced for async binder transactions. Manifest-declared broadcasts aren't queued, and apps are removed from the cached state for broadcast delivery.
When the app leaves the cached state, such as returning to the foreground, the system delivers any queued broadcasts. Multiple instances of certain broadcasts may be merged into one broadcast. Depending on other factors, such as system health, apps may be removed from the cached state, and any previously queued broadcasts are delivered.
Apps can kill only their own background processes
Starting in Android 14, when your app calls
the API can kill only the background processes of your own app.
If you pass in the package name of another app, this method has no effect on that app's background processes, and the following message appears in Logcat:
Invalid packageName: com.example.anotherapp
Your app shouldn't use the
killBackgroundProcesses() API or otherwise attempt
to influence the process lifecycle of other apps, even on older OS versions.
Android is designed to keep cached apps in the background and kill them
automatically when the system needs memory. If your app kills other apps
unnecessarily, it can reduce system performance and increase battery consumption
by requiring full restarts of those apps later, which takes significantly more
resources than resuming an existing cached app.
MTU is set to 517 for the first GATT client requesting an MTU
Starting from Android 14, the Android Bluetooth stack more strictly adheres to
Version 5.2 of the Bluetooth Core Specification and requests
the BLE ATT MTU to 517 bytes when the first GATT client requests an MTU using
BluetoothGatt#requestMtu(int) API, and disregards all subsequent MTU
requests on that ACL connection.
To address this change and make your app more robust, consider the following options:
- Your peripheral device should respond to the Android device's MTU request with
a reasonable value that can be accommodated by the peripheral. The final
negotiated value will be a minimum of the Android requested value and the remote
provided value (i.e.
- Implementing this fix could require a firmware update for peripheral
- Alternatively, limit your GATT characteristic writes based on the minimum
between the known supported value of your peripheral and the received MTU change
- A reminder that you should reduce 5 bytes from the supported size for the headers
- For example:
arrayMaxLength = min(SUPPORTED_MTU, GATT_MAX_ATTR_LEN(517)) - 5
New reason an app can be placed in the restricted standby bucket
Android 14 introduces a new reason an app can be placed into the restricted standby bucket.
The app's jobs trigger ANR errors multiple times due to
onBind method timeouts.
(See JobScheduler reinforces callback and network behavior for changes
To track whether or not the app has entered the restricted standby bucket,
we recommend logging with the API
on job execution or
UsageStatsManager.queryEventsForSelf() on app startup.
mlock limited to 64 KB
In Android 14 and higher, the platform reduces the maximum memory that can be
mlock() to 64 KB per process. In previous
versions, the limit was 64 MB per process. The new restriction promotes
better memory management across apps and the system. To provide more consistency
across devices, Android 14 adds a new CTS test for the new
limit on compatible devices.
System enforces cached-app resource usage
By design, an app's process is in a cached state when it's moved to the
background and no other app process components are running. Such an app process
is subject to being killed due to system memory pressure. Any work that
Activity instances perform after the
onStop() method has been called and
returned, while in this state, is unreliable and strongly discouraged.
Android 14 introduces consistency and enforcement to this design. Shortly after an app process enters a cached state, background work is disallowed, until a process component re-enters an active state of the lifecycle.
Grant partial access to photos and videos
On Android 14, the user can grant partial access to their photos and videos when
an app requests any visual media permissions that were introduced in Android 13
(API level 33):
The new dialog shows the following permission choices:
- Select photos and videos: New in Android 14. The user selects the specific photos and videos that they want to make available to your app.
- Allow all: The user grants full-library access to all photos and videos on the device.
- Don't allow: The user denies all access.
To handle this change more gracefully in your app, consider declaring the new
READ_MEDIA_VISUAL_USER_SELECTED permission. Learn more about how to
support the case where the user grants partial permission to their media
Secure full-screen Intent notifications
With Android 11 (API level 30), it was possible for any app to use
Notification.Builder.setFullScreenIntent to send full-screen intents
while the phone is locked. You could auto-grant this on app install by declaring
USE_FULL_SCREEN_INTENT permission in the AndroidManifest.
Full-screen intent notifications are designed for extremely high-priority
notifications demanding the user's immediate attention, such as an incoming
phone call or alarm clock settings configured by the user. Starting with Android
14, apps allowed to use this permission are limited to those that provide
calling and alarms only. The Google Play Store revokes default
USE_FULL_SCREEN_INTENT permissions for any apps that don't fit this profile.
These changes are landing at the end of 2023.
This permission remains enabled for apps installed on the phone before the user updates to Android 14. Users can turn this permission on and off.
You can use the new API
check if your app has the permission; if not, your app can use the new intent
ACTION_MANAGE_APP_USE_FULL_SCREEN_INTENT to launch the settings page
where users can grant the permission.
Changes to how users experience non-dismissable notifications
If your app shows non-dismissable foreground notifications to users, Android 14 has changed the behavior to allow users to dismiss such notifications.
This change applies to apps that prevent users from dismissing foreground
notifications by setting
NotificationCompat.Builder#setOngoing(true). The behavior of
FLAG_ONGOING_EVENT has changed to make such notifications actually
dismissable by the user.
These kinds of notifications are still non-dismissable in the following conditions:
- When the phone is locked
- If the user selects a Clear all notification action (which helps with accidental dismissals)
Also, this new behavior doesn't apply to notifications in the following use cases:
- Device policy controller (DPC) and supporting packages for enterprise
Data safety information is more visible
To enhance user privacy, Android 14 increases the number of places where the system shows the information you have declared in the Play Console form. Currently, users can view this information in the Data safety section on your app's listing in Google Play.
We encourage you to review your app's location data sharing policies and take a moment to make any applicable updates to your app's Google Play Data safety section.
Learn more in the guide about how data safety information is more visible on Android 14.
Non-linear font scaling to 200%
Starting in Android 14, the system supports font scaling up to 200%, providing low-vision users with additional accessibility options that align with Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG).
If you already use scaled pixels (sp) units to define text sizing, then this change probably won't have a high impact on your app. However, you should perform UI testing with the maximum font size enabled (200%) to ensure that your app can accommodate larger font sizes without impacting usability.
Minimum installable target API level
Starting with Android 14, apps with a
targetSdkVersion lower than 23
can't be installed. Requiring apps to meet these minimum target API level
requirements improves security and privacy for users.
Malware often targets older API levels in order to bypass security and privacy
protections that have been introduced in newer Android versions. For example,
some malware apps use a
targetSdkVersion of 22 to avoid being subjected to the
runtime permission model introduced in 2015 by Android 6.0 Marshmallow (API
level 23). This Android 14 change makes it harder for malware to avoid security
and privacy improvements.
Attempting to install an app targeting a lower API level will result in an
installation failure, with the following message appearing in Logcat:
INSTALL_FAILED_DEPRECATED_SDK_VERSION: App package must target at least SDK version 23, but found 7
On devices upgrading to Android 14, any apps with a
than 23 will remain installed.
If you need to test an app targeting an older API level, use the following ADB command:
adb install --bypass-low-target-sdk-block FILENAME.apk
Media owner package names might be redacted
The media store supports queries for the
OWNER_PACKAGE_NAME column, which
indicates the app that stored a particular media file. Starting in Android
14, this value is redacted unless at least one of the following conditions is
- The app that stored the media file has a package name that is always visible to other apps.
The app that queries the media store requests the
Learn more about how Android filters package visibility for privacy purposes.