Schedule tasks with WorkManager Part of Android Jetpack.
WorkManager is an API that makes it easy to schedule deferrable, asynchronous tasks that are expected to run even if the app exits or the device restarts. The WorkManager API is a suitable and recommended replacement for all previous Android background scheduling APIs, including FirebaseJobDispatcher, GcmNetworkManager, and Job Scheduler. WorkManager incorporates the features of its predecessors in a modern, consistent API that works back to API level 14 while also being conscious of battery life.
Under the hood WorkManager uses an underlying job dispatching service based on the following criteria:
Note: If your app targets Android 10 (API level 29) or above, your FirebaseJobDispatcher and GcmNetworkManager API calls will no longer work on devices running Android Marshmallow (6.0) and above. Follow the migration guides for FirebaseJobDispatcher and GcmNetworkManager for guidance on migrating. Also, see the Unifying Background Task Scheduling on Android announcement for more information regarding their deprecation.
In addition to providing a simpler and consistent API, WorkManager has a number of other key benefits, including:
Declaratively define the optimal conditions for your work to run using Work Constraints. (For example, run only when the device is Wi-Fi, when the device idle, or when it has sufficient storage space, etc.)
WorkManager allows you to schedule work to run one- time or repeatedly using flexible scheduling windows. Work can be tagged and named as well, allowing you to schedule unique, replaceable, work and monitor or cancel groups of work together. Scheduled work is stored in an internally managed SQLite database and WorkManager takes care of ensuring that this work persists and is rescheduled across device reboots. In addition, WorkManager adheres to power-saving features and best practices like Doze mode, so you don’t have to worry about it.
Flexible Retry Policy
For complex related work, chain individual work tasks together using a fluent, natural, interface that allows you to control which pieces run sequentially and which run in parallel.
WorkManager.getInstance(...) .beginWith(listOf(workA,workB)) .then(workC) .enqueue()
WorkManager.getInstance(...) .beginWith(Arrays.asList(workA, workB)) .then(workC) .enqueue();
For each work task, you can define input and output data for that work. When chaining work together, WorkManager automatically passes output data from one work task to the next.
Built-In Threading Interoperability
Use WorkManager for Deferrable and Reliable Work
WorkManager is intended for work that is deferrable—that is, not required to run immediately—and required to run reliably even if the app exits or the device restarts. For example:
- Sending logs or analytics to backend services
- Periodically syncing application data with a server
WorkManager is not intended for in-process background work that can safely be terminated if the app process goes away or for work that requires immediate execution. Please review the background processing guide to see which solution meets your needs.
Check out the Getting started guide to start using WorkManager in your app.
- Working with WorkManager, from the 2018 Android Dev Summit
- WorkManager: Beyond the basics, from the 2019 Android Dev Summit