Welcome to Android 11 Developer Preview, a program that gives you everything you need to make your apps compatible and build for the next version of Android. The program is free, and you can get started right away by downloading the Developer Preview SDK and tools.
Hardware and emulator system images
A runtime environment to test your apps on Pixel devices and the Android Emulator.
Latest platform code
We’ll provide regular updates, so you’ll be testing against the latest platform code.
Timeline, milestones, and updates
The Android 11 Developer Preview program runs from February 2020 until the final public release to AOSP and OEMs, planned for Q3 2020. At key development milestones, we'll deliver updates for your development and testing environments. Each includes SDK tools, system images, emulators, API reference, and API diffs. The milestones are listed below.
|February||Developer Preview 1||Early baseline build focused on developer feedback, with new features, APIs, and behavior changes.||Priority window for feedback on APIs. Explore new APIs and behavior changes and report any critical issues or requests to us during this time.|
|March||Developer Preview 2||Incremental update with additional features, APIs, and behavior changes.||Give us feedback as you work with APIs and behavior changes. Begin early app compatibility testing.|
|April||Developer Preview 3||Incremental update for stability and performance.||Get apps ready for consumers Beta. Continue compatibility testing, publish updates without changing targeting. Notify SDK and library developers of any issues.|
|May||Developer Preview 4||Incremental update for stability and performance.||Continue compatibility testing, start early testing with targeting Android 11.|
|June||Beta 1||Final APIs. Play publishing opens.||Start final compatibility testing for apps, SDKs, and libraries. Release compatible versions, watch for feedback from Android Beta users. Continue work to target Android 11. Build and test with official APIs.|
|July||Beta 2||Platform Stability milestone. Final system behaviors.||Continue final compatibility testing for apps, SDKs, and libraries. Release compatible versions. Continue work to target Android 11.|
|August||Beta 3||Release candidate build.||Release compatible updates for apps, SDKs, and libraries. Continue work to target Android 11. Build with new features and APIs.|
|Q3||Final release||Android 11 release to AOSP and ecosystem.||Release compatible updates for apps, SDKs, and libraries. Continue work to target Android 11. Build with new features and APIs.|
Platform Stability milestone
New in Android 11 - We're introducing a milestone called "Platform Stability" to help you plan your final testing and releases. This milestone means that Android 11 has reached final internal and external APIs, final app-facing behaviors, and final non-SDK graylists. We expect Android 11 to reach Platform Stability at Beta 2 in July 2020. From that point, you can expect no further changes affecting your apps.
We encourage all app, game, SDK, library, and game engine developers to use the Platform Stability milestone as a target for planning final compatibility testing and public release. Using Platform Stability instead of final release gives you several additional weeks before consumers can receive the new platform on their devices.
For developers, the focus during the Developer Preview is on API feedback and app compatibility. App compatibility means making sure the current version of your app looks right and runs well on the new platform.
The Developer Preview builds provide an early test and development environment you can use to identify compatibility issues in your app and plan migration or feature work needed to target the new platform. For all feedback and issues, please use the issue tracker. You should also expect some API changes with each of these updates. Please review the migration guide for steps to make your app compatible with the new platform, and then target the new platform when you're ready.
Beta 1 will include the final Android 11 APIs and the official SDK and NDK to compile and test your apps. Android 11 will provide a standard API level at this time.
From Beta 1, you'll also be able to publish apps to devices running Android 11 at the official API level. You can publish into the Google Play alpha and beta tracks first so that you can test your apps before distributing broadly through the store.
Starting at Beta 2, Android 11 will reach Platform Stability, meaning that system behaviors are finalized. You'll have access to near-final system images to test system behaviors and features. Android 11 will provide a standard API level at this time.
Platform Stability is the time to shift focus to final compatibility testing and pushing your updated apps, SDKs, and libraries to users and downstream developers. You can also build with the final APIs and refine any new code that is using the new APIs or features.
From Platform Stability, you'll also be able to publish apps to devices running Android 11 at the official API level. You can publish into the Google Play alpha and beta tracks first so that you can test your apps before distributing broadly through the store.
What's included in the Developer Preview?
The Android 11 Developer Preview program includes everything you need to test your existing apps on a variety of screen sizes, network technologies, CPU/GPU chipsets, and hardware architectures.
SDK & NDK tools
Using Android Studio, you can download the following components through the SDK Manager:
- Android 11 SDK, NDK, and tools
- Android 11 emulator system images for mobile devices (32-bit & 64-bit, see release notes)
We'll provide updates to these development tools at each milestone as needed.
See Get Android 11 to get started. See the migration guide for information on how to plan testing and development to align with the Android 11 release cycle, as well as the release notes for known issues.
OTA Updates for Pixel through the Android Beta program
If you have a Pixel 4 / 4 XL, Pixel 3a / 3a XL, Pixel 3 / 3 XL, or Pixel 2 / 2 XL device, you can enroll the device in the Android Beta program to get updates to Android 11 Beta over-the-air (OTA). Once enrolled, your device will receive regular over-the-air (OTA) updates to the latest Android 11 builds through (and including) the final release.
The Developer Preview includes system images for a variety of Pixel devices that you can use for developing and testing. If you have a Pixel 4 / 4 XL, Pixel 3a / 3a XL, Pixel 3 / 3 XL, or Pixel 2 / 2 XL device, you can visit the downloads page and download a system image for development and testing. See Get Android 11 for details.
Note that if you've already installed an Android 11 Developer Preview system image, your device will automatically receive Android Beta updates over-the-air.
Preview APIs and publishing
Android 11 Developer Preview initially provides a
development-only system and Android library that does not have a standard
API level. If you want to target the new platform and build with the new
Android 11 APIs during this time, you must target the Developer
Preview version of Android 11 by setting your app's
targetSdkVersion to 'R' and
minSdkVersion and Gradle
android-R. For more information, see
Update your build configuration for
Android 11 Developer Preview delivers preview APIs—the APIs will not be official until the final SDK is released. This means that you can expect API changes over time, especially during the initial weeks of the program. We'll provide a summary of changes with each update of Android 11 Developer Preview.
Later in the Developer Preview, developer APIs will be finalized and you'll be able to download the official Android 11 SDK into Android Studio, target the official API level, and compile against the official APIs.
During Developer Preview, Google Play prevents publishing of apps that target 'R' or the Android 11 official API level. When the final SDK is available, you can then target the official Android 11 API level and publish your app to Google Play via the alpha, beta, and production release channels. Meanwhile, if you want to distribute an app to testers that targets Android 11, you can do so via email or by direct download from your site at any time.
Throughout the preview, as you test on Developer Preview and Beta releases, we strongly recommend keeping your development environment up-to-date. We'll notify you when new updates are available via the following channels:
To learn more about Android 11 Developer Preview, see the following documentation resources:
- The migration guide contains step-by-step instructions for getting started with Android 11.
- The Behavior changes and Privacy changes pages list and describe key areas you should test.
- The new features page contains developer guides on key new features.
- The release notes list and describe changes that are specific to each release.
API Reference and diff report
The full Developer Preview API reference is available online. When the new APIs are under development, they'll be watermarked for visibility and show "R" as the API level. Note that you can only use these APIs if you are building with the Android 11 Developer Preview SDK.
At final SDK, the new APIs will show that they were added in the official API level ("30"). Note: To display Android 11 APIs, be sure to set the API Level selector in the navigation on the left-hand side of any reference page.
For a detailed view of new, modified, and removed APIs in each release, we recommend starting with the diff reports:
Changes in the diff reports contain links to related API reference documentation.
As you test and develop with Android 11 Developer Preview, please use these channels to report issues and give feedback:
- Android Developer Preview issue tracker is our primary feedback channel. You can report bugs, performance issues, and general feedback through the issue tracker. You can also check for known issues and find workaround steps. We'll keep you updated on your issue as it's triaged and sent to the Android engineering team for review.
- For details on how to report various kinds of issues, see the Feedback page.
- The Developer Preview Community is a community where you can connect with other users and developers who are working with Android 11 Developer Preview. You can share observations and ideas and find answers to questions there.
To get started, install Android 11 on your hardware device, or set up an emulator for compatibility testing. See Get Android 11 for details. Thank you for participating in the Android 11 Developer Preview program!