Android 14 平台包含一些行为变更，这些变更可能会影响您的应用。以下行为变更将影响在 Android 14 上运行的所有应用，无论采用哪种
此外，请务必查看仅影响以 Android 14 为目标平台的应用的行为变更列表。
精确的闹钟适用于用户指定的通知，或是在确切时间需要执行的操作。从 Android 14 开始，系统不再向以 Android 13 及更高版本为目标平台的大多数新安装应用预先授予
Starting in Android 14, when your app calls
the API can kill only the background processes of your own app.
If you pass in the package name of another app, this method has no effect on that app's background processes, and the following message appears in Logcat:
Invalid packageName: com.example.anotherapp
Your app shouldn't use the
killBackgroundProcesses() API or otherwise attempt
to influence the process lifecycle of other apps, even on older OS versions.
Android is designed to keep cached apps in the background and kill them
automatically when the system needs memory. If your app kills other apps
unnecessarily, it can reduce system performance and increase battery consumption
by requiring full restarts of those apps later, which takes significantly more
resources than resuming an existing cached app.
第一个请求 MTU 的 GATT 客户端的 MTU 设置为 517
Starting from Android 14, the Android Bluetooth stack more strictly adheres to
Version 5.2 of the Bluetooth Core Specification and requests
the BLE ATT MTU to 517 bytes when the first GATT client requests an MTU using
BluetoothGatt#requestMtu(int) API, and disregards all subsequent MTU
requests on that ACL connection.
To address this change and make your app more robust, consider the following options:
- Your peripheral device should respond to the Android device's MTU request
with a reasonable value that can be accommodated by the peripheral. The
final negotiated value will be a minimum of the Android requested value and
the remote provided value (for example,
- Implementing this fix could require a firmware update for peripheral
- Alternatively, limit your GATT characteristic writes based on the minimum
between the known supported value of your peripheral and the received MTU
- A reminder that you should reduce 5 bytes from the supported size for the headers
- For example:
arrayMaxLength = min(SUPPORTED_MTU, GATT_MAX_ATTR_LEN(517)) - 5
mlock 限制为 64 KB
By design, an app's process is in a cached state when it's moved to the
background and no other app process components are running. Such an app process
is subject to being killed due to system memory pressure. Any work that
Activity instances perform after the
onStop() method has been called and
returned, while in this state, is unreliable and strongly discouraged.
Android 14 introduces consistency and enforcement to this design. Shortly after an app process enters a cached state, background work is disallowed, until a process component re-enters an active state of the lifecycle.
Android 14 introduces Selected Photos Access, which allows users to grant apps access to specific images and videos in their library, rather than granting access to all media of a given type.
If you don't use the photo picker yet, we recommend implementing it in your app to provide a consistent experience for selecting images and videos that also enhances user privacy without having to request any storage permissions.
If you maintain your own gallery picker using storage permissions and need to
maintain full control over your implementation, adapt your implementation
to use the new
READ_MEDIA_VISUAL_USER_SELECTED permission. If your app
doesn't use the new permission, the system runs your app in a compatibility
If your app shows non-dismissable foreground notifications to users, Android 14 has changed the behavior to allow users to dismiss such notifications.
This change applies to apps that prevent users from dismissing foreground
notifications by setting
NotificationCompat.Builder#setOngoing(true). The behavior of
FLAG_ONGOING_EVENT has changed to make such notifications actually
dismissable by the user.
These kinds of notifications are still non-dismissable in the following conditions:
- When the phone is locked
- If the user selects a Clear all notification action (which helps with accidental dismissals)
Also, this new behavior doesn't apply to notifications in the following use cases:
- Device policy controller (DPC) and supporting packages for enterprise
为了加强用户隐私保护，Android 14 增加了系统显示您在 Play 管理中心表单中声明的信息的位置数量。目前，用户可以在 Google Play 中的应用详情的数据安全部分查看此信息。
我们建议您查看应用的位置数据分享政策，并花一点时间对应用的 Google Play“数据安全”部分进行任何适用的更新。
如需了解详情，请参阅有关如何在 Android 14 上以更显眼的方式显示数据安全信息的指南。
从 Android 14 开始，系统支持字体放大高达 200%，为弱视用户提供了符合网络内容无障碍指南 (WCAG) 的其他无障碍功能选项。
如果您已使用放大像素 (sp) 单位来定义文本大小，这项更改可能不会对您的应用产生太大影响。不过，您应在启用最大字号 (200%) 的情况下执行界面测试，确保应用能够在不影响易用性的情况下适应较大的字号。
最低可安装的目标 API 级别
Starting with Android 14, apps with a
targetSdkVersion lower than 23
can't be installed. Requiring apps to meet these minimum target API level
requirements improves security and privacy for users.
Malware often targets older API levels in order to bypass security and privacy
protections that have been introduced in newer Android versions. For example,
some malware apps use a
targetSdkVersion of 22 to avoid being subjected to the
runtime permission model introduced in 2015 by Android 6.0 Marshmallow (API
level 23). This Android 14 change makes it harder for malware to avoid security
and privacy improvements.
Attempting to install an app targeting a lower API level will result in an
installation failure, with the following message appearing in Logcat:
INSTALL_FAILED_DEPRECATED_SDK_VERSION: App package must target at least SDK version 23, but found 7
On devices upgrading to Android 14, any apps with a
than 23 will remain installed.
If you need to test an app targeting an older API level, use the following ADB command:
adb install --bypass-low-target-sdk-block FILENAME.apk
The media store supports queries for the
OWNER_PACKAGE_NAME column, which
indicates the app that stored a particular media file. Starting in Android
14, this value is redacted unless at least one of the following conditions is
- The app that stored the media file has a package name that is always visible to other apps.
The app that queries the media store requests the
Learn more about how Android filters package visibility for privacy purposes.