Wear OS 3 (corresponding to API level 30) includes a service called Health Services. Health Services acts as an intermediary to the various sensors and related algorithms on the device to provide apps with high-quality data related to activity, exercise, and health.
See the Health Services samples repository on GitHub for example fitness apps.
How Health Services helps app developers
Without Health Services, apps must connect to one or multiple sensors,
configure each of them appropriately, receive raw sensor data, and use their
own algorithms to derive meaningful information. For example, an app might
register for updates of
to get the current air pressure, use it to compute the current altitude, and
aggregate this data over time to show the elevation changes during a user's
Health Services automatically configure all fitness and health related sensors appropriately for the use-case, collect sensor data, and compute metrics like heart rate, distance, calories, elevation, floors, speed, pace, and more. Apps can register for this data directly from Health Services.
Some of the benefits of using Health Services include the following:
- Take advantage of powerful algorithms running natively on the platform.
- Conserve battery by using sensor configurations from Health Services that are optimized for power efficiency.
- Future-proof an app for Wear 3 devices. The Health Services API is consistent across Wear 3 devices making it easier to keep your app up to date.
- Ensure data consistency across all applications on the same device by using standardized platform computations.
- Enable activity-aware experiences, including the ability to detect an ongoing exercise started from another app.
All of these allow developers to focus on developing unique features and user experiences, while relying on the platform to provide robust and consistent metrics in a power-efficient manner.
Health Services concepts
Keep the following concepts in mind when developing with Health Services.
Health Services offers a variety of data collected from all the available
sources on the device and updated continuously. These data types fall into two
broad categories: data sampled at a single point in time, such as
HEART_RATE_BPM, and data taken over a time interval, such as
Apps receive events when the user reaches a certain goal state or event. For example, a user can register a distance goal within an exercise app, and the app will notify the user when they have run a certain distance. Alternatively, use a passive goal for situations when the user has hit a certain step count or fallen asleep.
Health Services treats exercise as a first-class feature and supports a
ExerciseTypes such as running or skiing. While an exercise is in
progress, Health Services can collect metrics on selected
DataTypes and report
back to the app that is managing the exercise.
For more information, see the full list of Exercise types.
Create apps using Health Services
Create apps using Health Services in the ways described in the following sections.
your app supplies a
BroadcastReceiver to receive updates
about a data type or an event. This is suited for long-lived experiences where
data updates are relatively infrequent and spread over time.
See Passive data updates for more information.
MeasureClient, your app registers listeners to receive rapid data
updates. This is suited for short-lived experiences, such as while the user
is looking at your app UI. It is important that apps try to minimize the time
spent with a registered listener because it increases the sensor sampling rate
and thus increases power consumption. This API is not intended for background
capture or workout tracking. For example,
MeasureClient can be used for apps
that measure blood oxygen levels (SpO2).
ExerciseClient, your app can manage a user's workout, set exercise goals,
and listen for updates about the current exercise state. Your app can also
receive rapid data updates through this API, as long as the exercise belongs to
ExerciseClient can be used for apps such as a running app, that
allows you to record your run, display live metrics on your device, and record
data for further analysis.
See Active data and exercises for more information.
Testing with synthetic data
To test that your app is receiving data updates from Health Services, manually set your device to emit data as if a user is engaged in an exercise.
See Testing with synthetic data for more information.