在可折叠设备上测试应用

可折叠设备具有独特的特性和功能,需要进行专门测试。在小屏和大屏可折叠设备上,分别针对设备折叠和展开状态、纵向和横向模式、桌面和图书模式以及多窗口模式测试您的应用。如需了解详情,请参阅大屏设备应用质量准则。

FoldingFeature

当可折叠设备的折叠状态发生变化时,Jetpack WindowManager 库会通知您的应用,以便您修改应用的布局。

window-testing 工件包含 WindowLayoutInfoPublisherRule JUnit4 规则,可让您发布自定义WindowInfoLayout,以便在测试中模拟 FoldingFeature

如需测试折叠功能的状态,请先定义一个测试类和测试规则:

Kotlin

import androidx.window.layout.FoldingFeature.Orientation.Companion.HORIZONTAL
import androidx.window.layout.FoldingFeature.Orientation.Companion.VERTICAL
import androidx.window.layout.FoldingFeature.State.Companion.FLAT
import androidx.window.layout.FoldingFeature.State.Companion.HALF_OPENED
import androidx.window.testing.layout.FoldingFeature
import androidx.window.testing.layout.TestWindowLayoutInfo
import androidx.window.testing.layout.WindowLayoutInfoPublisherRule

@RunWith(AndroidJUnit4::class)
class DisplayFeaturesActivityTest {
    private val activityRule = ActivityScenarioRule(DisplayFeaturesActivity::class.java)
    private val publisherRule = WindowLayoutInfoPublisherRule()

    @get:Rule
    val testRule: TestRule

    init {
        testRule = RuleChain.outerRule(publisherRule).around(activityRule)
    }

    @Test myTest() {
       // TODO
    }
}

Java

import static androidx.window.layout.FoldingFeature.Orientation.HORIZONTAL;
import static androidx.window.layout.FoldingFeature.Orientation.VERTICAL;
import static androidx.window.layout.FoldingFeature.State.FLAT;
import static androidx.window.layout.FoldingFeature.State.HALF_OPENED;
import static androidx.window.testing.layout.DisplayFeatureTesting.createFoldingFeature;
import static androidx.window.testing.layout.WindowLayoutInfoTesting.createWindowLayoutInfo;
import androidx.window.layout.FoldingFeature;
import androidx.window.layout.WindowLayoutInfo;
import androidx.window.testing.layout.WindowLayoutInfoPublisherRule;

@RunWith(AndroidJUnit4.class)
public class DisplayFeaturesActivityJavaTest {
    private WindowLayoutInfoPublisherRule publisherRule = new WindowLayoutInfoPublisherRule();

    @Rule public TestRule testRule;

    public DisplayFeaturesActivityJavaTest() {
        testRule = RuleChain.outerRule(publisherRule).around(activityRule);
    };

     @Test
     public void myTest() {
         // TODO
     }
}

接下来,您可以模拟折叠功能,例如折叠宽度值为零且水平居中折叠的半开可折叠屏幕:

Kotlin

val feature = FoldingFeature(
                  activity = activity,
                  state = HALF_OPENED,
                  orientation = HORIZONTAL)

val expected = TestWindowLayoutInfo(listOf(feature))

Java

FoldingFeature feature = createFoldingFeature(
                             activity,
                             -1,
                             0,
                             HALF_OPENED,
                             HORIZONTAL);

WindowLayoutInfo expected = createWindowLayoutInfo(
                                Collections.singletonList(feature)
                            );

然后,使用 WindowLayoutInfoPublisherRule 发布自定义 WindowLayoutInfo

Kotlin

@Test
myTest() {
    ...
    publisherRule.overrideWindowLayoutInfo(expected)
    ...
}

Java

@Test
public void myTest() {
    ...
    publisherRule.overrideWindowLayoutInfo(expected);
    ...
}

最后,使用可用的 Espresso 匹配器检查 activity 布局的行为是否符合预期。

以下示例模拟了屏幕中心有 HALF_OPENED 垂直合页的 FoldingFeature,然后使用匹配器来检查布局是否符合预期:

Kotlin

@Test
fun testDeviceOpen_Vertical() {
    activityRule.scenario.onActivity { activity ->
        val feature = FoldingFeature(
                          activity = activity,
                          state = HALF_OPENED,
                          orientation = VERTICAL)
        val expected = TestWindowLayoutInfo(listOf(feature))
        publisherRule.overrideWindowLayoutInfo(expected)
    }

    // Checks that start_layout is on the left of end_layout with a vertical folding feature.
    onView(withId(R.id.start_layout))
        .check(isCompletelyLeftOf(withId(R.id.end_layout)))
}

Java

@Test
public void testDeviceOpen_Vertical() {
    activityRule
        .getScenario()
        .onActivity(
            activity -> {
                FoldingFeature feature = createFoldingFeature(
                                             activity,
                                             -1,
                                             0,
                                             HALF_OPENED,
                                             VERTICAL);

                WindowLayoutInfo expected = createWindowLayoutInfo(
                                                Collections.singletonList(feature)
                                            );

                publisherRule.overrideWindowLayoutInfo(expected);
            });

    // Checks that start_layout is on the left of end_layout with a vertical folding feature.
    onView(withId(R.id.start_layout))
        .check(isCompletelyLeftOf(withId(R.id.end_layout)));
}

配置变更

如果您的应用使用 onConfigurationChanged() 回调方法以程序化方式处理配置变更,请验证应用是否能立即响应配置变更,尤其是设备旋转为纵向和横向的情形。

为了确保您的应用在屏幕方向和显示屏尺寸发生变化时收到通知,请在 activity:configChanges 清单元素中指定以下配置设置:

android:configChanges="orientation|screenLayout|screenSize|smallestScreenSize"

其他资源