If you're unfamiliar with the IntelliJ IDEA interface, you might be wondering how to accomplish some common tasks in Android Studio. This page provides some tips to help you get going.
For complete user documentation for the IntelliJ IDEA interface (upon which Android Studio is based), refer to the IntelliJ IDEA documentation.
When you create a new project in Android Studio (or
migrate a project from Eclipse),
you'll notice that the project structure appears differently than you may be used to.
As shown in figure 1, almost all your project files are now inside the
including resources and the manifest file.
The new project structure is due to the switch to a Gradle-based build system. This structure
provides more flexibility to the build process and will allow multiple build variants (a feature not
yet fully implemented). Everything still behaves as you expect, but some of the files have moved
around. For the most part, you should need to modify only the files under the
directory. More information about the Gradle project structure is available in the
Plugin User Guide.
The following topics describe how to perform some basic development tasks with Android Studio.
Note: This section lists Android Studio keyboard shortcuts for the default keymap. To change the default keymap on Windows and Linux, go to File > Settings > Keymap. To change the default keymap on Mac OS X, go to Android Studio > Preferences > Keymap.
Creating virtual devices
All the capabilities of the Android Virtual Device Manager are accessible directly from the Android Studio interface. Click the Android Virtual Device Manager in the toolbar to open it and create new virtual devices for running your app in the emulator.
Installing SDK updates
The SDK Manager is also accessible to download new Android tools, platforms, and libraries for your app. Click the SDK Manager in the toolbar to open it and check for updates.
Creating new files
You can quickly add new code and resource files by clicking the appropriate directory in the Project pane and pressing ALT + INSERT on Windows and Linux or COMMAND + N on Mac. Based on the type of directory selected, Android Studio offers to create the appropriate file type.
For example, if you select a layout directory, press ALT + INSERT on Windows, and select
Layout resource file, a dialog opens so you can name the file (you can exclude
.xml suffix) and choose a root view element. The editor then switches to the layout
design editor so you can begin designing your layout.
Android Studio offers an advanced layout editor that allows you to drag-and-drop widgets into your layout and preview your layout while editing the XML.
While editing in the Text view, you can preview the layout on devices by opening the Preview pane available on the right side of the window. Within the Preview pane, you can modify the preview by changing various options at the top of the pane, including the preview device, layout theme, platform version and more. To preview the layout on multiple devices simultaneously, select Preview All Screen Sizes from the device drop-down.
You can switch to the graphical editor by clicking Design at the bottom of the window. While editing in the Design view, you can show and hide the widgets available to drag-and-drop by clicking Palette on the left side of the window. Clicking Designer on the right side of the window reveals a panel with a layout hierarchy and a list of properties for each view in the layout.
When you build and run your app with Android Studio, you can view adb and device log messages (logcat) in the DDMS pane by clicking Android at the bottom of the window.
If you want to debug your app with the Android Debug Monitor, you can launch it by clicking Monitor in the toolbar. The Debug Monitor is where you can find the complete set of DDMS tools for profiling your app, controlling device behaviors, and more. It also includes the Hierarchy Viewer tools to help optimize your layouts.
The following tables list keyboard shortcuts for common operations.
Note: If you're using Mac OS X, update your keymap to use the Mac OS X 10.5+ version keymaps under Android Studio > Preferences > Keymap.
|Action||Android Studio Key Command|
|Command look-up (autocomplete command name)||CTRL + SHIFT + A|
|Project quick fix||ALT + ENTER|
|Reformat code||CTRL + ALT + L (Win)
OPTION + CMD + L (Mac)
|Show docs for selected API||CTRL + Q (Win)
|Show parameters for selected method||CTRL + P|
|Generate method||ALT + Insert (Win)
CMD + N (Mac)
|Jump to source||F4 (Win)
CMD + down-arrow (Mac)
|Delete line||CTRL + Y (Win)
CMD + Backspace (Mac)
|Search by symbol name||CTRL + ALT + SHIFT + N (Win)
OPTION + CMD + O (Mac)
|Action||Android Studio Key Command|
|Build||CTRL + F9 (Win)
CMD + F9 (Mac)
|Build and run||SHIFT + F10 (Win)
CTRL + R (Mac)
|Toggle project visibility||ALT + 1 (Win)
CMD + 1 (Mac)
|Navigate open tabs||ALT + left-arrow; ALT + right-arrow (Win)
CTRL + left-arrow; CTRL + right-arrow (Mac)
For a complete keymap reference guide, see the IntelliJ IDEA documentation.