Android APIs
public interface

Collection

implements Iterable<E>
java.util.Collection<E>
Known Indirect Subclasses

Class Overview

Collection is the root of the collection hierarchy. It defines operations on data collections and the behavior that they will have in all implementations of Collections. All direct or indirect implementations of Collection should implement at least two constructors. One with no parameters which creates an empty collection and one with a parameter of type Collection. This second constructor can be used to create a collection of different type as the initial collection but with the same elements. Implementations of Collection cannot be forced to implement these two constructors but at least all implementations under java.util do. Methods that change the content of a collection throw an UnsupportedOperationException if the underlying collection does not support that operation, though it's not mandatory to throw such an Exception in cases where the requested operation would not change the collection. In these cases it's up to the implementation whether it throws an UnsupportedOperationException or not. Methods marked with (optional) can throw an UnsupportedOperationException if the underlying collection doesn't support that method.

Summary

Public Methods
abstract boolean add(E object)
Attempts to add object to the contents of this Collection (optional).
abstract boolean addAll(Collection<? extends E> collection)
Attempts to add all of the objects contained in Collection to the contents of this Collection (optional).
abstract void clear()
Removes all elements from this Collection, leaving it empty (optional).
abstract boolean contains(Object object)
Tests whether this Collection contains the specified object.
abstract boolean containsAll(Collection<?> collection)
Tests whether this Collection contains all objects contained in the specified Collection.
abstract boolean equals(Object object)
Compares the argument to the receiver, and returns true if they represent the same object using a class specific comparison.
abstract int hashCode()
Returns an integer hash code for the receiver.
abstract boolean isEmpty()
Returns if this Collection contains no elements.
abstract Iterator<E> iterator()
Returns an instance of Iterator that may be used to access the objects contained by this Collection.
abstract boolean remove(Object object)
Removes one instance of the specified object from this Collection if one is contained (optional).
abstract boolean removeAll(Collection<?> collection)
Removes all occurrences in this Collection of each object in the specified Collection (optional).
abstract boolean retainAll(Collection<?> collection)
Removes all objects from this Collection that are not also found in the Collection passed (optional).
abstract int size()
Returns a count of how many objects this Collection contains.
abstract <T> T[] toArray(T[] array)
Returns an array containing all elements contained in this Collection.
abstract Object[] toArray()
Returns a new array containing all elements contained in this Collection.
[Expand]
Inherited Methods
From interface java.lang.Iterable

Public Methods

public abstract boolean add (E object)

Added in API level 1

Attempts to add object to the contents of this Collection (optional). After this method finishes successfully it is guaranteed that the object is contained in the collection. If the collection was modified it returns true, false if no changes were made. An implementation of Collection may narrow the set of accepted objects, but it has to specify this in the documentation. If the object to be added does not meet this restriction, then an IllegalArgumentException is thrown. If a collection does not yet contain an object that is to be added and adding the object fails, this method must throw an appropriate unchecked Exception. Returning false is not permitted in this case because it would violate the postcondition that the element will be part of the collection after this method finishes.

Parameters
object the object to add.
Returns
boolean true if this Collection is modified, false otherwise.
Throws
UnsupportedOperationException if adding to this Collection is not supported.
ClassCastException if the class of the object is inappropriate for this collection.
IllegalArgumentException if the object cannot be added to this Collection.
NullPointerException if null elements cannot be added to the Collection.

public abstract boolean addAll (Collection<? extends E> collection)

Added in API level 1

Attempts to add all of the objects contained in Collection to the contents of this Collection (optional). If the passed Collection is changed during the process of adding elements to this Collection, the behavior is not defined.

Parameters
collection the Collection of objects.
Returns
boolean true if this Collection is modified, false otherwise.
Throws
UnsupportedOperationException if adding to this Collection is not supported.
ClassCastException if the class of an object is inappropriate for this Collection.
IllegalArgumentException if an object cannot be added to this Collection.
NullPointerException if collection is null, or if it contains null elements and this Collection does not support such elements.

public abstract void clear ()

Added in API level 1

Removes all elements from this Collection, leaving it empty (optional).

Throws
UnsupportedOperationException if removing from this Collection is not supported.

See also:

public abstract boolean contains (Object object)

Added in API level 1

Tests whether this Collection contains the specified object. Returns true if and only if at least one element elem in this Collection meets following requirement: (object==null ? elem==null : object.equals(elem)).

Parameters
object the object to search for.
Returns
boolean true if object is an element of this Collection, false otherwise.
Throws
ClassCastException if the object to look for isn't of the correct type.
NullPointerException if the object to look for is null and this Collection doesn't support null elements.

public abstract boolean containsAll (Collection<?> collection)

Added in API level 1

Tests whether this Collection contains all objects contained in the specified Collection. If an element elem is contained several times in the specified Collection, the method returns true even if elem is contained only once in this Collection.

Parameters
collection the collection of objects.
Returns
boolean true if all objects in the specified Collection are elements of this Collection, false otherwise.
Throws
ClassCastException if one or more elements of collection isn't of the correct type.
NullPointerException if collection contains at least one null element and this Collection doesn't support null elements.
NullPointerException if collection is null.

public abstract boolean equals (Object object)

Added in API level 1

Compares the argument to the receiver, and returns true if they represent the same object using a class specific comparison.

Parameters
object the object to compare with this object.
Returns
boolean true if the object is the same as this object and false if it is different from this object.

See also:

public abstract int hashCode ()

Added in API level 1

Returns an integer hash code for the receiver. Objects which are equal return the same value for this method.

Returns
int the receiver's hash.

See also:

public abstract boolean isEmpty ()

Added in API level 1

Returns if this Collection contains no elements.

Returns
boolean true if this Collection has no elements, false otherwise.

See also:

public abstract Iterator<E> iterator ()

Added in API level 1

Returns an instance of Iterator that may be used to access the objects contained by this Collection. The order in which the elements are returned by the iterator is not defined. Only if the instance of the Collection has a defined order the elements are returned in that order.

Returns
Iterator<E> an iterator for accessing the Collection contents.

public abstract boolean remove (Object object)

Added in API level 1

Removes one instance of the specified object from this Collection if one is contained (optional). The element elem that is removed complies with (object==null ? elem==null : object.equals(elem).

Parameters
object the object to remove.
Returns
boolean true if this Collection is modified, false otherwise.
Throws
UnsupportedOperationException if removing from this Collection is not supported.
ClassCastException if the object passed is not of the correct type.
NullPointerException if object is null and this Collection doesn't support null elements.

public abstract boolean removeAll (Collection<?> collection)

Added in API level 1

Removes all occurrences in this Collection of each object in the specified Collection (optional). After this method returns none of the elements in the passed Collection can be found in this Collection anymore.

Parameters
collection the collection of objects to remove.
Returns
boolean true if this Collection is modified, false otherwise.
Throws
UnsupportedOperationException if removing from this Collection is not supported.
ClassCastException if one or more elements of collection isn't of the correct type.
NullPointerException if collection contains at least one null element and this Collection doesn't support null elements.
NullPointerException if collection is null.

public abstract boolean retainAll (Collection<?> collection)

Added in API level 1

Removes all objects from this Collection that are not also found in the Collection passed (optional). After this method returns this Collection will only contain elements that also can be found in the Collection passed to this method.

Parameters
collection the collection of objects to retain.
Returns
boolean true if this Collection is modified, false otherwise.
Throws
UnsupportedOperationException if removing from this Collection is not supported.
ClassCastException if one or more elements of collection isn't of the correct type.
NullPointerException if collection contains at least one null element and this Collection doesn't support null elements.
NullPointerException if collection is null.

public abstract int size ()

Added in API level 1

Returns a count of how many objects this Collection contains.

Returns
int how many objects this Collection contains, or Integer.MAX_VALUE if there are more than Integer.MAX_VALUE elements in this Collection.

public abstract T[] toArray (T[] array)

Added in API level 1

Returns an array containing all elements contained in this Collection. If the specified array is large enough to hold the elements, the specified array is used, otherwise an array of the same type is created. If the specified array is used and is larger than this Collection, the array element following the Collection elements is set to null. If the implementation has ordered elements it will return the element array in the same order as an iterator would return them. toArray(new Object[0]) behaves exactly the same way as toArray() does.

Parameters
array the array.
Returns
T[] an array of the elements from this Collection.
Throws
ArrayStoreException if the type of an element in this Collection cannot be stored in the type of the specified array.

public abstract Object[] toArray ()

Added in API level 1

Returns a new array containing all elements contained in this Collection. If the implementation has ordered elements it will return the element array in the same order as an iterator would return them. The array returned does not reflect any changes of the Collection. A new array is created even if the underlying data structure is already an array.

Returns
Object[] an array of the elements from this Collection.