This walkthrough shows the basic usage and workflow for the Batterystats tool and the Battery Historian script.
Batterystats is a tool included in the Android framework that collects battery data on your device. You can use adb to dump the collected battery data to your development machine and create a report you can analyze using Battery Historian. Battery Historian converts the report from Batterystats into an HTML visualization that you can view in your browser.
What it's good for:
- Showing you where and how processes are drawing current from the battery.
- Identifying tasks in your app that could be deferred or even removed to improve battery life.
Note: To use Batterystats and Battery Historian, you need a mobile device running Android 5.0 or higher with USB Debugging enabled.
Install Battery Historian
The easiest way to install Battery Historian is to use Docker. For alternate installation methods, including building from source, see the Read Me on the project's GitHub page. To install using Docker, do the following:
- Install Docker Community Edition following the instructions on the Docker website.
- To confirm that Docker is correctly installed, open the command line and
enter the following command:
docker run hello-world
If Docker is correctly installed, you will see output like this:
Unable to find image 'hello-world:latest' locally latest: Pulling from library/hello-world 78445dd45222: Pull complete Digest: sha256:c5515758d4c5e1e838e9cd307f6c6a0d620b5e07e6f927b07d05f6d12a1ac8d7 Status: Downloaded newer image for hello-world:latest Hello from Docker! This message shows that your installation appears to be working correctly. To generate this message, Docker took the following steps: 1. The Docker client contacted the Docker daemon. 2. The Docker daemon pulled the "hello-world" image from the Docker Hub. 3. The Docker daemon created a new container from that image which runs the executable that produces the output you are currently reading. 4. The Docker daemon streamed that output to the Docker client, which sent it to your terminal.
- Run the Battery Historian image using the following command:
docker run -p port_number:9999 gcr.io/android-battery-historian:3.0 --port 9999
Battery Historian will use the port of your choice, as specified using
Note: If you are using a Windows machine, you may need to enable virtualization in your BIOS. Check the documentation for your motherboard for more information about how to enable virtualization. If you are able to run the Android Emulator, then virtualization is already enabled.
- Navigate to Battery Historian in your browser to confirm that it is
running. The address varies depending on your operating system:
- For Linux and Mac
Battery Historian is available at
- For Windows
Once you start Docker, it tells you the IP address of the machine it is
using. So, for example, if the IP address is 123.456.78.90, Battery
Historian is available at
You will see the Battery Historian start page, where you can upload and view battery statistics.
Gather data with Batterystats
To collect data from your device using Batterystats and open it in Battery Historian, do the following:
- Connect your mobile device to your computer.
- From a Terminal window, shut down your running adb server.
- Restart adb and check for connected devices.
You should see your device listed, similar to the example output below.
If you don't see any devices, make sure your phone is connected, and USB Debugging is turned on, and then kill and restart adb.
- Reset battery data gathering.
adb shell dumpsys batterystats --reset
The device is always collecting batterystats and other debugging information in the background. Resetting erases old battery collection data. If you do not reset, the output will be huge.
- Disconnect your device from your computer so that you are only drawing current from the device's battery.
- Play with your app and perform actions for which you would like data; for example, disconnect from WiFi and send data to the cloud.
- Reconnect your phone.
- Make sure your phone is recognized:
- Dump all battery data. This can take a while:
adb shell dumpsys batterystats [path/]batterystats.txt
batterystats.txtfile is created in the directory you specify using the optional path argument. If you do not specify a path, the file is created in your home directory.
- Create a report from raw data.
- For devices running Android 7.0 and higher:
adb bugreport > [path/]bugreport.zip
- For devices running Android 6.0 and lower:
adb bugreport > [path/]bugreport.txt
Bugreport may take several minutes to complete. Do not disconnect your device or cancel the process until it is complete.
batterystats.txtabove, these files are created in the directory you specify using the optional path argument. If you do not specify a path, they are created in your home directory.
- If it's not already running, run Battery Historian using the following
docker --run -p port_number:9999 gcr.io/android-battery-historian:2.1 --port 9999
- To view your data in Battery Historian, open the Battery Historian in
your browser. (For Mac and Linux, Battery Historian runs at
http://localhost/port_number. For Windows, Battery Historian runs at
- Click Browse and then choose the bugreport file you created above.
- Click Submit. Battery Historian will open a chart created from your batterystats data.
View data with Battery Historian charts
The Battery Historian chart graphs power-relevant events over time.
Each row shows a colored bar segment when a system component is active and thus drawing current from the battery. The chart does not show how much battery was used by the component, only that the app was active. Charts are organized by category, showing a bar for each category over time, as displayed on the X-axis of the chart.
- Add additional metrics from the dropdown list.
- Hover over the information icons to see more information about each metric, including a key for the colors used in the chart.
- Hover over a bar to see more detailed information about that metric and the battery stats at a specific point on the timeline.
Additional batterystats output
You can view additional information from the
file in the stats section below the Battery Historian chart.
The 1 System Stats tab includes system-wide statistics, such as cell signal levels and screen brightness. This information provides an overall picture of what's happening with the device. This is especially useful to make sure no external events are affecting your test.
The 2 App Stats tab includes information about specific apps. Sort the list of apps using the 3 Sort apps by dropdown list in the App Selection pane on the left. You can select a specific app to view stats for using the 4 apps dropdown list below.
For more information about battery performance, see Optimizing Battery Life.